The Effect of Tactical Multilateralism on the Orientation and National Role of Iran in South West of Asia

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

The 21st century of Southwest Asia has exhibited conditions which is ready for geopolitical changes. The ensuing shifting balances of power have affected various countries’ regional and strategic policies. Within this period, Iran has emerged as a benefactor of neighboring policies and has sought to implement multilateral strategies, carving out its own role in Southwest Asia. The main factors contributing to Iran’s success have been the crisis and dangers plaguing the region. Saul Cohen’s “shatter belt” has provided us with a concept to help explain the structural features plaguing Western Asia. In addition, Cohen’s shatter belt places a strong emphasis on weak geopolitical conditions. Within these conditions, a serious question for Iran, emerges: what mechanisms can be employed by Iran to ensure and provide regional security? Multilateralism of Iran is in need of geopolitical, economic, tactical, and strategic cooperation with its regional neighbors. Iran’s role in mapping out its larger strategy of security within the shatter belt of Southwest Asia and the Middle East can only be achieved through a precise understanding of the formation of power at the regional and international political level. The assumption of the article is that securitization in Southwest Asia, a region permeated with complexities and geopolitical turbulence will require the use of power, tactical flexibility, regional cooperation, and constructivist participation. The main question of the article is: within the fragile and turbulent region of Southwest Asia, what strategy should Iran employ to ensure regional security? Adopting Cohen's “shatter belt” as a framework, and further employing the methods of data analysis, this article attempts to demonstrate that Iran's strategy for ensuring regional security in the given chaotic environment should be based on approaches of multilateralism and constructivist cooperation with neighboring countries.

Journal of West Asian Studies, Volume:1 Issue: 3, 2024
7 to 22  
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