Christian Feminist Theology; Types and Theoretical Foundations

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Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Feminist theology is a critical theology that seeks to create a feminist awareness of the masculinity of theology and uses gender analysis tools to examine and understand texts, traditions, rituals, and basically, the religious context to achieve proposals to explain the full contribution women in theology are useful. Feminist theologians’ approach to the question of whether existing Christianity can provide for women's concerns and emancipate them or not, has three spectrums: revolutionary, reformative, and reconstructionist. The types of feminist theology can also be described in four categories: feminist theology as a philosophy of religion; as a post-traditional theology; as hermeneutics of the Bible; and as the theology of religions. In this variety of perspectives, a three-stage development can be seen, which includes the presupposition of humanity for women, the critical positioning of women in the existing theology, and the reform of society. The focal points of Christian feminist theology are: the theology of life and fervency, the Father as a divine matter related to life, emphasis on the metaphorical and mythological construction of religious teachings, acceptance of pluralism as a source of knowledge expansion, rereading the moral norm; identity policy design, development of critical awareness, the necessity of individual exercise and social action. It seems that these matters are also meaningful in accordance with Islamic theology, and research in the tradition and dialogue with thinkers and experts in this field can highlight the scholarly and brilliant dimensions of Islamic theology.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Pages:
97 to 122
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