The role of Shariati's revolutionary subject in the political mobilization of the people and its impact on the Islamic revolution

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The purpose of the current research is to investigate Ali Shariati's subjective approach to the concept of man and his social responsibility and its impact on the revolutionary reading of religion as a radical political ideology. By using this approach, Shariati formulated a revolutionary subject in Shiite religious literature. The main question of the current research is, what place did the revolutionary subject have in Shariati's thought? And to what extent Shariati's revolutionary analysis of Shiism was effective in the political mobilization of the masses of people in the Islamic Revolution? This research, using the analytical-historical method, wants to analyze the main features of Shariati's intellectual project and evaluate its role in the victory of the Islamic Revolution.Paying attention to the political and social consequences of Shariati's subjective approach, including paying attention to the revolutionary subject and its redefinition in Shia religious literature and its role in drawing the revolutionary image of religion as a factor of social and historical transformation and its contribution to the formation and development of the Islamic Revolution are among the most important findings of this It is research.  


The aim of the present study is to investigate the mental approach of Ali Shariati as one of the important figures of contemporary Iranian intellectuals to the concept of man and his social responsibility and its effect on the revolutionary reading of religion as a radical political ideology. The main question of this research is that what role did Shariati's mental, radical and revolutionary approach in reading religious concepts play in the ideological formulation of his thought and what political impact did he have on the victory of the Islamic Revolution? The main hypothesis is based on the fact that Shariati, by redefining religious concepts on the axis of revolutionary subject and social praxis in the framework of a radical political ideology, was able to present a revolutionary narrative of political Islam, which plays an important role in the political mobilization of different sections of society, especially the educated youth in the revolution. had islamicWhat is important for us in this research is not a judgment about the merits and demerits of Shariati's intellectual project or a judgment about the relationship between religion and ideology. Rather, we seek to understand the nature of Shariati's thought as a religious revolutionary intellectual and its relationship with the modern subject, so that we can better understand the logic of his thinking and his method of understanding and interpreting history and religious texts.

Materials & Methods

 The method of collecting the necessary data to conduct such a research was documents, in the framework of which a collection of Shariati's views related to the revolutionary subject and his radical interpretation of religion was collected. These views have been presented directly or indirectly in the form of his lectures, books and works. Criticism and analysis of the collected data has been done using the analytical-historical method, which wants to analyze the main features of Shariati's intellectual project and evaluate its role in the victory of the Islamic Revolution.


One of the most important findings of this research is that Shariati, inspired by modern humanism, had a volitional and subjective view of man, and based on the role of the subject and the role of the subject, he assigned a special place in social developments. And it pays special attention to the historical agency of man as the agent of historical and social changes and to the dialectic of the individual and the society. Shariati's intellectual project is to present an image of a revolutionary subject who can transform and change the world around him. This is the characteristic that has made Shariati a modern and radical humanist thinker.Shariati tried to strengthen and revive the revolutionary potential of religion by discussing "Islamic Protestantism". In his opinion, religion should move towards worldly issues from an eschatological point of view. Shariati gave the main role to responsible and revolutionary intellectuals in the path of reviving the revolutionary and radical image of religion. He believed that these intellectuals should create Islamic Protestantism instead of fighting religion as a reactionary element in order to give a new thought and movement to the society. The most important feature of Shariati's intellectual work was the use of new ideological and sociological formats in redefining religious concepts.Shariati's intellectual influence among the educated youth and pushing them towards religion as an ideology in the Islamic revolution should be considered as a kind of intellectual creativity in redefining the revolutionary issue around the element of religion as one of the foundations of identity and belief of the Iranian society of that era. Many analysts who have investigated and studied the Islamic Revolution of Iran believe that Shariati's thoughts played an important role in the Islamic Revolution of Iran. Redefining religious concepts around subjectivity and revolution in Shariati's thought is considered the most important strength of his intellectual project, which shows the modern and revolutionary political capability of Shariati's thought. With this pattern in reading religious texts, history and teachings, he succeeded in presenting a radical and revolutionary image of religion and considered religion as the main factor of seeking justice and political protest.Shariati's subjective approach to religion is a completely modern phenomenon that aims to define a revolutionary political and social role for Shi'ism in Iran at that time. Considering the level of widespread influence of religion among different strata of the traditional and transitioning Iranian society, Shariati knew that the dominance of a radical and revolutionary narrative of religion can be the foundation of a comprehensive and revolutionary political action.


The general result of this research shows that Shariati, as a revolutionary religious intellectual, by presenting his coherent, methodical, history-oriented and creative narrative of the texts and history of Islam, was able to draw a different picture from the traditional narrative of the clergy about religion, which has new political capacities for it as It provides the impetus for political action in an ideological formulation. Shariati's revolutionary approach to religion became the basis for presenting a radical and protesting image of religion, which played an important role in stimulating religious youth towards political action. Shariati's ideological reading of religion was carried out with the aim of pushing the Iranian society towards a political revolution against the autocratic and dependent Pahlavi regime. By applying a subjective, ideological and revolutionary approach to religion, Shariati has turned it into the main element of the political mobilization of various social forces in the Islamic Revolution.

Journal of Sociological Cultural Studies, Volume:14 Issue: 3, 2023
97 to 129  
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