Effect of different irrigation treatments on physiological traits of milk thistle (Silybum Marianum) at different stages of growth

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Drought stress is the primary constraint on crop and medicinal plant yields in arid and semi-arid regions. Milk thistle is a medicinal plant with antioxidant secondary metabolites (flavonolignans). The effect of drought stress was evaluated in this study at three growth stages (6, 13, and 20 weeks after planting) using four different levels of irrigation (100, 75, 50%, and 25% of water requirement, respectively, as non-stress, mild stress, moderate stress, and severe stress). The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse located in Shandol village, Hirmand city, Iran, as a factorial experiment with a completely randomized design. The following agronomic and physiological characteristics were determined: fresh weight, dry weight, photosynthetic pigments, proline, carbohydrates, malondialdehyde, relative water content, and ion leakage. The results indicated that the effect of various irrigation levels, harvest time, and their interaction were significant for the majority of traits, except for the relative water content and ion leakage traits, indicating that these traits react differently at various growth stages. Fresh weight, dry weight, photosynthetic pigment content, and relative water content all decreased under drought stress conditions, to the point where the lowest amount was observed under severe drought stress (25% of water requirement). Drought stress results in thylakoid protein hydrolysis, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b reduction, and pigment and photosynthetic structure loss. With increasing stress intensity, the concentrations of proline, carbohydrates, malondialdehyde, and ion leakage increased. As a result, the highest amount was discovered under severe drought stress conditions. As a result, this increase indicates that the plant is suffering from oxidative stress as a result of the drought. Proline content increased proportionately to the severity of the stress, reaching its maximum value under severe drought stress (25% water requirement). Thus, under drought stress conditions, milk thistle responds to oxidative stress by increasing the accumulation of this osmolyte
Journal of Emergy, Life Cycle and System Analysis in Agriculture, Volume:2 Issue: 2, Winter-Spring 2022
111 to 117
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