Evaluation of Tumor Markers (CEA, CA 15-3, CA 125) in Endometrial Cancer Differentiation and Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background & Objective

Endometrial cancer is the most prevalent type of genital system cancers. It is needed to assess discrimination power of CEA, CA 15-3, CA 125 tumor markers in endometrial cancer patients and moreover in cases with abnormal uterine bleeding. We examined tumor markers (CA 15-3, CA 125, CEA) in differentiating endometrial cancer and unusual uterine bleeding.

Materials & Methods

The present case-control study was conducted on 60 women with endometrial cancer and evidence of abnormal uterine bleeding who referred to Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan in 2021. The sampling method was easy and accessible and was used to collect observation information, examination, and data form data. For data analysis, SPSS software version 26, statistical graphs and independent t-test were used.

Results

The difference in serum levels of CEA marker tumor in patients of case (endometrial cancer patients) and control (abnormal uterine bleeding patients) was statistically significant. Differences in serum levels of CA 15-3 tumor marker in patients between case group (endometrial cancer patients) and control (patients with abnormal uterine bleeding) and difference in serum levels of CA 125 tumor marker in patients between case (endometrial cancer patients) and control groups (bleeding patients) uterine abnormalities were not statistically significant.

Conclusion

Serum level of CEA tumor marker has a statistically significant relationship with endometrial cancer patients and abnormal bleeding patients, but serum tumor marker level CA 15-3 and serum tumor marker CA 125 and with endometrial cancer patients and abnormal bleeding patients do not have.

Language:
English
Published:
Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Cancer Research, Volume:9 Issue: 2, Mar-Apr 2024
Pages:
150 to 153
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