Female-to-Male Transgender Undergoing Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Bilateral Oophorectomy: A Cohort Study on Epidemiology, Surgery and Outcomes

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Background & Objective

The aim of this study was to describe the female to male (FTM)transgenders demographic, epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes after laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy surgery by one surgeon in FTM transgender people.

Materials & Methods

This retrospective cohort study on FTM patients that referred to one of the referral centers for transgender surgeries in the capital of Iran (Tehran) since 2016 and 2022. Consecutive method used for sampling method. Data analyzing was done by SPSS, descriptive statistical, Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test.


We identified 105 FTM transgender patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy. The mean age was 24.74±5.41 years, and the mean age of first experience of transgender was10.51±3.68 years. There was a significant correlation between transgender and marital status (P<0.04, r= 0.2) and unemployment (P<0.05, r= 0.5). There was a significant correlation between age of first experiences of transgender and educational status (P<0.05, r= -0.1).49.5%of patients have complications after surgery.


Hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy by laparoscopic approach may have appropriate outcomes for reassignment surgery. Also, this study suggests that probably less educational, occupational problems occur for transgender patients if they undergo gender reassignment surgery at a younger age.

Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Cancer Research, Volume:9 Issue: 2, Mar-Apr 2024
154 to 160
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