describing the civil liability of the cause and director of crime in Iranian criminal law based on the developments of the Islamic Penal Code 2013

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
In legal terms, liability in the general sense implies the responsibility of a person for the actions that are traditionally attributed to him. Although the purpose of civil liability is to oblige a person to pay compensation to the victim and the purpose of criminal liability is to impose punishment on the perpetrator in order to maintain and restore public order, there are many thematic similarities between these two seemingly different concepts. The source of proof of civil liability stems from another obligation of the legislature. However, in order to prove this responsibility on someone who directly or indirectly committed a crime or caused damage to another, we will need to meet the principles and conditions that are provided in the relevant laws, both civil and criminal. In this article, to explain the pillars of civil liability for causing and directing crime, taking into account the developments in the Islamic Penal Code of 1392 and examining the conflicts between civil and criminal laws in some cases, and also to provide a way out of this conflict in In order to form a single judicial procedure, it has been discussed.
Journal of Judgment, Volume:22 Issue: 112, 2024
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