Experimental study of the cobalt oxide etching rate from metal surface using F2/He atmospheric pressure plasma for decontamination of nuclear components

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Metal surface cleaning or etching techniques using reactive plasma are emerging as one of the dry processing techniques for surface contaminants with high bond energy, especially for cleaning and decontamination of nuclear components and equipment. In this study, the plasma reaction due to the discharge of a dielectric barrier of a mixture of 95% helium and 5% fluorine with cobalt oxide film (Co3O4) grown on the surface of stainless steel 304 was studied experimentally. Experimental results show that cobalt oxide becomes a powder after plasma irradiation and is easily separated from the surface of the base metal. The optimal plasma generating conditions of the dielectric barrier discharge used in this experimental study were obtained at atmospheric pressure, voltage 4.5 kV, and frequency 25 kHz with an etching rate of 10.875 μmol.min-1. The samples were analyzed before and after plasma irradiation, using Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the purification rate was performed using a sequential weighting of the samples with scales 10-4 g accurately obtained. The results show the ability of this method to effectively remove the surface contamination of cobalt from the surface of stainless steel 304.
Radiation Physics and Engineering, Volume:5 Issue: 2, Spring 2024
25 to 32
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