Epidemiology of injuries among patients admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia, affiliated with the national trauma registry of Iran

Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Objective

Trauma is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity globally. The current study aimed to improve the understanding of characteristics, severity of injuries and outcomes of trauma patients admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia, Iran.

Methods

Data were obtained from the trauma registry of Imam Khomeini Hospital, a level 1 trauma referral center, for all patients admitted to the center from17 september 2016 to 21 January 2023. Patients’ demographics, injury mechanisms, and patients’ outcomes were analyzed.

Results

The emergency department attended to 5555 trauma patients. The gender distribution was with 3998 (71.9%) males and 1557 (29.1%) females. Patients’ age ranged from 1 to 101 years, with a mean±standard deviation (SD) of 33.1 (±20.7) years. Road traffic accidents followed by falls were the most common causes of traumas reported in 2138 (38.5%) and 1298 (23.4%) trauma patients, respectively. The in-hospital mortality rate was 0.9% (53 patients). The mean (±SD) age of death was 43.5 (±22.4) years. 569 (10.2%) patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The univariable logistic regression models showed that there were significant associations between age (P<0.001), Glasgow coma scale (GCS) (P<0.001), injury severity score (ISS) (P<0.001), and mechanical ventilation (P<0.001) as independent variables and death outcome. The univariable and multiple logistic regression analyses showed statistically significant associations between age, cause of trauma, ISS, GCS and body site injury with ICU admission. The odds of ICU admission in patients after being adjusted for age, ISS, GCS, cause of trauma and type of transportation was 1.73 times higher in head, face, and neck injuries compared to limb injuries. (adjusted OR: 1.73, [95% CI: 1.23,2.42]; P<0.01).

Conclusion

Older age, low GCS, higher ISS and mechanical ventilation were associated with higher mortality. Older age, higher ISS, lower GCS, body site injury, type of transportation, and cause of traumawere all significant independent predictors of ICU admission.

Language:
English
Published:
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine, Volume:8 Issue: 1, Winter 2024
Page:
5
magiran.com/p2706879  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!