Interferon-γ Induces Interleukin-6 Production and Alpha-smooth Muscle Actin Expression in Systemic Sclerosis Fibroblasts

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune systemic disease that is characterized by immune dysregulation, inflammation, vasculopathy, and fibrosis. Tissue fibrosis plays an important role in SSc and can affect several organs such as the dermis, lungs, and heart. Dysregulation of interferon (IFN) signaling contributes to the SSc pathogenesis and interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) has been indicated as the main regulator of type I IFN. This study aimed to clarify the effect of IFN-gamma (-γ) and dexamethasone (DEX) on the IRF1, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in myofibroblasts and genes involved in the inflammation and fibrosis processes in early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). A total of 10 early dcSSc patients (diffuse cutaneous form) and 10 unaffected control dermis biopsies were obtained to determine IFNγ and DEX effects on inflammation and fibrosis. Fibroblasts were treated with IFNγ and DEX at optimum time and dose. The expression level of genes and proteins involved in the fibrosis and inflammation processes have been quantified by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blot, respectively. IFNγ could up-regulate some of the inflammation-related genes (Interleukin-6; IL6) and down-regulate some of the fibrosis-related genes (COL1A1) in cultured fibroblasts of patients with early dcSSc compared to the untreated group. Besides, it has been revealed that IFNγ can induce fibroblast differentiation to the myofibroblast that expresses α-SMA. Concerning the inhibitory effect of IFNγ on some fibrotic genes and its positive effect on the inflammatory genes and myofibroblast differentiation, it seems that IFNγ may play a dual role in SSc.

Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Volume:23 Issue: 2, Apr 2024
197 to 220  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!