ALKBH5 Modulates Asthma Progression by Downregulating N6-methyladenosine Methylation

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that is characterized by airway inflammation, excessive mucus production, and airway remodeling. Prevention and treatment for asthma is an urgent issue in clinical studies. In recent years, N6-methyladenosine methylation (m6A) has emerged as a promising regulatory approach involved in multiple diseases. ALKBH5 (alkB homolog 5) is a demethylase widely studied in disease pathologies. This work aimed to explore the regulatory mechanisms underlying the ALKBH5-regulated asthma. We established an interleukin-13 (IL-13)-stimulated cell model to mimic the in vitro inflammatory environment of asthma. ALKBH5 knockdown in bronchial epithelial cells was performed using siRNAs, and the knockdown efficacy was analyzed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Cell viability and proliferation were measured by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assay. The ferroptosis was assessed by measuring the total iron, Fe2+, lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. The enrichment of N6-methyladenosine methylation (m6A) modification was detected by the MeRIP assay. Knockdown of ALKBH5 significantly elevated the survival and colony formation ability of bronchial epithelial cells in the IL-13 induction model. The levels of total iron, Fe2+, lipid ROS, and MDA were remarkedly elevated, and the SOD level was reduced in IL-13-induced bronchial epithelial cells, and depletion of ALKBH5 reversed these effects. Knockdown of ALKBH5 elevated the enrichment of m6A modification and expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). Knockdown of GPX4 abolished the pro-proliferation and anti-ferroptosis effects of siALKBH5. Knockdown of ALKBH5 improved the proliferation of bronchial epithelial cells and alleviated cell ferroptosis.

Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Volume:23 Issue: 2, Apr 2024
211 to 219  
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