Study of the Efficacy of Treatment of Acute Corrosive Gastroesophagitis
IntroductionCorrosive gastroesophagitis is one of the major problems in surgery and though multidiciplinary approach is used in these patients, prognosis of such patient is poor. In this retrospective study we selected patients with corrosive gastroesophagitis who had referred to Loqman hospital in the last decade and the results of treatment were analyzed.
MethodsWe analyzed patients with corrosive gastroesophagitis who had referred to Loqman hospital in the last decade retrospectively. Factors included age, sex, grade, substance use, surgery option and results of endoscopy.
ResultsIn this study, 88 patients were evaluated. Most of the patients were men (64%) in the 31-40 years age group and the most common substance involved was acid (42%), cleaning (25%) and alkaline (15%) solutions. Mortality on the base of grading was: grade I= 0%, grade II = 8.5% and grade III= 64%. Endoscopy results in operated group were as follows: 48% ulcer and 26% stricture, while in the non operated group 7% had ulcers and 46% strictures. Mortality was 59% in the operated group and 80% in the non operated group. But all grade III patients had dysphagia.
ConclusionIn grade II corrosive esophagitis, gastritis surgery is the best option for decreasing morbidity, but in grade III patients, surgery has a very poor prognosis.
Journal of Shaeed Sdoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd, Volume:17 Issue:2, 2009
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