One of the common human evolutionary anomalies is dental Missing. Evolution of dental system is toward deduction of teeth number. The Missing of third molar is interesting subject for dentists and genetic researches because of its variety in different races. Consideration of bilateral effect of third molar Missing with jaw relation is an important subject. The aim of this study was to evaluate the third molar missing in Cl I and Cl II skeletal (without rotation) and comparison of them together.
The patients of the orthodontic department of school of Dentistry (Tehran University of Medical Sciences) were analyzed. About 121 patients had Cl I and 60 patients had ClI jaw relation. This relation identified based on cephalometric lateral radiographic ANB corner angle. Patient who had rotation in maxilla or mandible based on SN-Go Gn angle were excluded. The incidence of third molars agenesis in individual dentition quadrants, upper and lower jaw and right and left side of dentition was examined from panoramic radiography. AChi-square test was used for statistical analysis of data.
Missing of one or more third molar in skeletal Cl I and Cl II was 43% and 33.3%, respectively. Missing of one or more third molar in Cl II was fewer than Cl I, but no statistically significant differences were seen between them.
There was not a direct relationship between jaw relation and third molar Missing.
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