Ma mun and Mihna
Author(s):
Abstract:
Theological disputes in the 7nd and 8rd centuries increased tension within the Islamic society causing intellectual harmony. The question of creation (khalq) of the Quran became a controversial topic among Muslims. Eventually, the intensity of theological disputes reached such a degree that Ma‘mun, the Abbasied caliph, interfered and declared a policy of mihna. This unique policy declared four months before Ma‘mun’s death was continued by his successors Mu‘tasim and Wathiq (ahl-i hadith) for 16 years. The policy of mihna has fascinated historians leading to a number of hypothesis and views. This article examines three explanations on Ma‘mun's motivation in introducing this policy: 1. Being affected the caliphate by Mutazili;2. Being affected the caliphate by Shia.3. Showing caliphate’s power against hadith group.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Historical Researches, Volume:1 Issue:3, 2009
Page:
67
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