Ma mun and Mihna
Theological disputes in the 7nd and 8rd centuries increased tension within the Islamic society causing intellectual harmony. The question of creation (khalq) of the Quran became a controversial topic among Muslims. Eventually, the intensity of theological disputes reached such a degree that Ma‘mun, the Abbasied caliph, interfered and declared a policy of mihna. This unique policy declared four months before Ma‘mun’s death was continued by his successors Mu‘tasim and Wathiq (ahl-i hadith) for 16 years. The policy of mihna has fascinated historians leading to a number of hypothesis and views. This article examines three explanations on Ma‘mun's motivation in introducing this policy: 1. Being affected the caliphate by Mutazili;2. Being affected the caliphate by Shia.3. Showing caliphate’s power against hadith group.
Journal of Historical Researches, Volume:1 Issue:3, 2009
روش‌های دسترسی به متن این مطلب
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 300,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!