The survey of relationship between religious orientation and happiness among the elderly man and woman in Tehran
ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to survey relationship between religiousorientation and happiness in elderly man and woman in Tehran.
Materials And MethodsThe present study was descriptive and causal-Comparative. In order to survey the relationship between religious orientationand happiness among the elderly men and women in Tehran 389 aged peopleabove 60 years including 247 men and 142 women were selected by multi stagecluster sampling. The research instruments were Allport religion orientationquestionnaire and happiness inventory of Oxford.
ResultsThe result showed that religion orientation and happiness in elderly manand woman (P<0/01) have significant positive relationship. The amount ofhappiness among these who had religion internal orientation were further thatwho had external religions orientation(P<0/01). The relationship between religionexternal orientation and happiness in both elderly men and women was notsignificant. The amount of happiness among old women was significantlyfurther that old men (P<0/01). The elderly woman in two internal and externalreligion orientation in general earn higher markers than elderly men(P<0/01).
ConclusionThe result shows that there is positive relationship betweenreligion orientation and happiness among elderly men and women. We concludethat people with internal religion orientation were happier in both genders.On the confirm of most studies in the field of religion psychology we couldconclude that the elderly women are more religious than elderly men. Moreresearch in the field of studied varieties can represent brighter data.
Iranian Journal of Ageing, Volume:5 Issue:18, 2010
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