|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/08/04|
|Seroprevalence of Human Fascioliasis in Meshkin-Shahr District, Ardabil Province, Northwestern Iran in 2012|
|Author(s):||Samieh Asadian، Mehdi Mohebali، Mahmod Mahmoudi، Eshrat Beigom Kia، Zahra Heidari، Majid Asgari، Mojgan Aryaeipour، Sepideh Moradi، Mohammad Bagher Rokni|
BackgroundThe aim of this study was to conduct a seroprevalence survey in Meshkin-Shahr, Ardabil Province, north western Iran to detect the rate of human fascioliasis in the city and nearby villages. Literature shows that no such study has been conducted so far.
MethodsOverall, 458 serum samples were collected by randomized cluster sampling method from 153 males and 305 females referred to different health centers of the region after recalling by staff in those centers in 2012. All cases filled out a questionnaire and an informed consent. Sera were analyzed using indirect-ELISA test. Ten μg /ml antigens (Liver Fluke Homogenate), serum dilutions of 1:500 and conjugate anti-human coombs with 1:10000 dilutions were utilized to perform the test. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS software ver. 18.
ResultsNine cases (1.96%) were positive for fascioliasis by ELISA test. The seroprevalence of fascioliasis among females was 1.63% and 2.6% in males. There was no significant difference as regards age groups, sex, job, residency, literacy and consuming row vegetable. According to job, unemployment subjects had the highest rate of infection as 5.9%. The seroprevalence of infection was 1.52% in illiterate people. As for residency, urban life showed no significant difference with rural life (2.4% vs. 1.42). Age group of 40-49 yr old, with 3.3% seropositivity had the highest rate.
ConclusionObtained seroprevalence of fascioliasis shows immediate attention of health authorities to the diseases in the area. The adjacent of Ardabil Province to endemic areas of fasciolosis accentuates this attention.
|Keywords:||Seroprevalence، Human، Fasciolosis، ELISA، Iran|
|Published:||Iranian Journal of Parasitology, Volume:8 Issue: 4, 2013|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|