|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/09/12|
|Indications and Overuse of Computed Tomography in Minor Head Trauma|
|Author(s):||Sanaz Zargar Balaye Jame، Reza Majdzadeh، Ali Akbari Sari، Arash Rashidian، Mohammad Arab، Hojjat Rahmani|
BackgroundComputed Tomography (CT) is a useful diagnostic technology, particularly in accident and emergency departments.
ObjectivesTo identify a comprehensive list of indications for application of CT in patients with minor head trauma (MHT) and to determine appropriateness of its use on the basis of this list.
Materials And MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted in three Imaging centers in Tehran. A panel of experts developed a list of CT indications for MHT by reviewing documents. A pre-structured checklist was designed and incorporated into a structured form. Four hundred consecutive patients referring to three imaging centers for performing CT due to MHT completed the questionnaire.
ResultsOf 400 patients who underwent CT after MHT, 187 (46.8%) patients had Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score of 13 or 14 at two hours post-trauma and 37 (19.8%) of these patients did not have any indication of imaging. In addition, 213 (53.2%) patients had GCS score of 15 out of which 110 (51.6%) patients did not have any indication of imaging. Patients with a GCS score of 15 had a noticeably lower proportion of abnormal CT results in comparison to patients with a GCS score of 13 or 14, (odds ratio, 19.07; 95% confidence interval, 6.74-54.00; and P < 0.001). There was a statistically significant association between abnormal CT results and the presence of indications including vomiting, dangerous mechanism of injury, visible signs of trauma above the clavicles, signs of skull base fracture, and suspected skull fracture (P < 0.001).
ConclusionsOn average, about 37% of the patients with MHT referring to the emergency departments had no indication of CT and approximately 86.5% of CT results were normal. Improving this situation can result in a significant saving in health care costs.
|Keywords:||Tomography، X-ray Computed، Craniocerebral Trauma، Indication، Abnormal|
|Published:||Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, Volume:16 Issue: 5, 2014|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|