|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/05/20|
|Seroprevalence of Human Fasciolosis in Pirabad, Lorestan Province, Western Iran|
|Author(s):||Farnaz Kheirandish، Mohammad Hassan Kayedi، Behrouz Ezatpour، Khatere Anbari، Hamid Reza Karimi Rouzbahani، Ali Chegeni Sharafi، Abolfazl Zendehdel، Negar Bizhani، Mohammad Bagher Rokni|
BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to perform seroepidemiological investigation for determining the status of human fasciolosis in Pirabad Village, Lorestan Province, western Iran.
MethodsBlood samples were taken from residents of the village including 801 individuals. Sera were separated and stored at -20°C until used. The samples were analyzed using ELISA.
ResultsAnti-Fasciola antibodies were detected in 6 (0.7%) individuals. Difference between age, sex and drinking or swimming in the surface water with seropositivity to fasciolosis was not significant. Out of 7 shepherds, 1 (14.3%) was seropositive. Due to the small number of shepherds, comprehensive statistical inference in this regard cannot be done. Significant difference was detected between seropositivity to fasciolosis and consuming local freshwater vegetables during the last 6 months (P=0.001).
ConclusionMetacercariae carrying local freshwater plants might be the main source of contamination because consumption of these kinds of vegetables was confirmed by all participants. Awareness of local communities regarding the danger of freshwater plant consumption, through health education programs, will decrease the risk of infection.
|Keywords:||Fasciolosis، Seroprevalence، Freshwater vegetable، Iran|
|Published:||Iranian Journal of Parasitology (IJP), Volume:11 Issue: 1, 2016|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|