|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/04/24|
|Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea|
|Author(s):||Shahla Afsharpaiman، Ehsan Shahverdi *، Encieh Vahedi، Hossein Aqaee|
BackgroundObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition in adults. In most cases, first-line therapy includes treatment with positive airway pressure devices. However, because of discomfort, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) compliance is often poor. To determine the willingness of patients to use CPAP device, the relationship of demographic and polysomnographic variables with tolerance and the willingness to use CPAP, was evaluated.
Materials And MethodsIn this cross- sectional study, 120 OSA patients who were treated with CPAP in Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were selected by convenience sampling. Polysomnographic variables, willingness to use CPAP for short and long periods of time and possible complications were evaluated.
ResultsOne hundred-twenty cases with a mean age of 53±10.3 years were assessed. The mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score was 11.9 ± 6.2 in CPAP users versus 11.8±6.1 in patients who did not use CPAP. The willingness to use CPAP for short-term was significantly different between the two groups (P=0.008). The average minimum oxygen saturation rate of patients was 75.21% in CPAP users versus 71.63% in non CPAP users. Also, the average desaturation index was higher in CPAP users (54.5 vs. 44.98). The mean ESS was 14.03 ± 6.19 in those who accepted long-term treatment versus 8.85 ± 4.89 (P=0.003). Skin wounds and rhinitis were reported in 4.1% and 4.1% of patients, respectively.
ConclusionIt is concluded that high CPAP compliance rates are achievable through comprehensive CPAP therapy.
|Keywords:||Sleep Apnea، Obstructive، Continuous Positive Airway Pressure، Compliance|
|Published:||Tanaffos Respiration Journal, Volume:15 Issue: 1, 2016|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|