|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/05/25|
|The Contribution of NMDA Receptors in Antinociceptive Effect of Pregabalin: Comparison of Two Models of Pain Assessment|
|Author(s):||Manzumeh Shamsi Meymandi، Fariborz Keyhanfar *، Gholam Reza Sepehri، Gioia Heravi، Omid Yazdanpanah|
BackgroundPregabalin has shown remarkable antinociceptive effects in neuropathic pain; however, its efficacy against acute and visceral pain remained controversial.
ObjectivesThe present study aimed at investigating the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the antinociceptive effect of pregabalin in both acute and visceral pain using and comparing hot plate test and writhing test in male mice.
MethodsNMDA (15 and 30 mg/kg), as an agonist or MK801 (0.02 and 0.05 mg/kg) as an NMDA receptor (NMDAR) antagonist, were injected intraperitoneally either alone or 15 minutes before a dose of pregabalin that produced almost 30% antinociception (100 mg/kg in hot plate test and 5 mg/kg in writhing tests). Then, the percentage of maximal possible effect (MPE%) at the 30th and 60th minutes in hot plate test and effect percentage (E%) in writhing test were measured and compared as antinociceptive indexes.
ResultsIn hot plate test, pretreatment with MK801 (0.05 mg/kg) significantly increased antinociceptive effect of 100 mg/kg pregabalin, but pretreatment with NMDA did not result in any effect. Pretreatment with MK801 in writhing test significantly increased the antinociceptive effect of 5 mg/kg pregabalin (In contrast to 30 mg/kg NMDA that significantly decreased it.). NMDA induced antinociception reduction or MK801 increased antinociception in writhing test were significantly higher than what was observed in hot plate test.
ConclusionsOur results suggested that pregabalin antinociception in acute and visceral pain is mediated through NMDA receptors. Although this effect depends on the dose of NMDAR ligand, it is more pronounced in the behavioral response in the writhing test.
|Keywords:||Pregabalin، NMDA، Antinociception، MK801، Writhing test، Hot Plate|
|Published:||Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Volume:7 Issue: 3, 2017|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|