|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/09/15|
|تحلیل و اولویت بندی شاخص های استراتژی توسعه شهری در محلات منطقه هشت شهر شیراز|
|نویسنده(گان):||عیسی ابراهیم زاده، مصطفی ایستگلدی*، فاضل حاجی زاده|
|رویکرد استراتژی توسعه شهری به مثابه برنامه ای استراتژیک و در پاسخ به ناکارآمدی مدیریتی و کاهش کیفیت زندگی شهرها از سال 1999 با هدف کاهش فقر، توسعه پایدار و ارتقای مشارکت و ایجاد حکمروایی خوب شهری مطرح شد. در این میان یکی از محورهای استراتژی توسعه شهری، رویکرد محله محوری و توجه به محلات شهری بوده است. از این رو، پژوهش حاضر به اولویت بندی محلات (درب شازده، بازار مرغ، سنگ سیاه و سردزک) منطقه هشت شهر شیراز براساس اصول چهارگانه استراتژی توسعه شهری (حکمروایی خوب شهری، بانکی بودن، زیست پذیری و رقابتی بودن) پرداخته است. داده های مورد نیاز پژوهش از راه مطالعات کتابخانه ای و تکمیل پرسش نامه گردآوری شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش پیش رو را شهروندان چهار محله از محلات منطقه هشت شهر شیراز (24871 = N) تشکیل داده است که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 318 نفر انتخاب و پرسش نامه متناسب با جمعیت هر محله به صورت تصادفی ساده در سطح محلات توزیع و تکمیل شد. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از نرم افزار اس.پی.اس.اس و آزمون آماری تی تک نمونه ای و برای سطح بندی محلات از مدل رال اسپیای بهره گرفته شده است. نتایج حاصل از آزمون تی تک نمونه ای بیانگر آن است که میانگین های کلی شاخص های استراتژی توسعه شهری در سطح محلات مزبور در سطح نامطلوبی به سر می برد؛ همچنین یافته های مدل یادشده نشان دهنده آن است که از مجموع محلات مورد مطالعه، محلات سردزک و درب شازده، به ترتیب با کسب رتبه اول و دوم و با امتیاز نهایی 5109/0 و 4634/0 در سطح تا حدی برخوردار و محلات بازار مرغ و سنگ سیاه به ترتیب با امتیاز نهایی 1638/0 و 0052/0 در سطح بسیار محروم قرار دارند.|
|کلیدواژگان:||استراتژی توسعه شهری، مدل رال اسپیای، محلات منطقه هشت، شهر شیراز|
|نوع مقاله:||مقاله پژوهشی/اصیل|
|انتشار در:||فصلنامه جغرافیا و پایداری محیط، پیاپی 30 (بهار 1398)|
|نسخه الکترونیکی:||متن این مقاله در سایت مگیران قابل مطالعه است.|
|Analysis and Prioritization of Indicators of Urban Development StrategyIn the neighborhoods of the eight district of Shiraz|
|Author(s):||Issa Ebrahimzadeh، Mostafa Istgaldi *، Fazel Hajizadeh|
The urban development strategy approach as a strategic plan in responding to management inefficiency and reducing the quality of life of cities since 1999 has been raised with the goal of reducing poverty, sustainable development and promoting participatory and good urban governance. In the meantime, one of the CDS axes has been neighborhood-based approach and attention to urban neighborhoods. Therefore, the present research intends to prioritize the neighborhood (Darb Shazdeh, Bazaar Morgh Market, Sang siyah and Sare Duzak) in eight district based on four principles of urban development strategy (good urban governance, bankiness, viability and competitiveness). Required data were collected through library studies and completed questionnaires. The statistical population of this study is citizens of four neighborhoods of the neighborhoods of the eight district of Shiraz (N = 24871), which was selected using Cochran formula. 318 people were selected and a proportional to each neighborhood population was distributed randomly in the neighborhood. In order to analyze the data, SPSS software and one-sample T-test were used and the Ralspi model was used for leveling the neighborhoods. The results of a single-sample T test indicate that the overall mean of urban development strategy indicators at the level of these neighborhoods is at an unsatisfactory level. The findings of this model indicate that from the total area of study, the neighborhoods of Sare Duzak and Darbe Shazdeh, respectively, with the first and second rank, with a final score of 0.5109 and 0.4634, to some extent, and Bazzar Morgh locations and Sang siyah are at a very depreciated level with a final score of 0/1638 and 0/0052 respectively.
IntroductionIn 2016, almost 50% the 7.3 billion people in the world resided in cities. It is estimated that about 67% of world's population will live in cities by 2050. Such a situation has created a huge demand for the development of basic infrastructures and provided the basis for a serious study of urban planners and planners, as well as for the politicians. In addition to these, the complexity of urban systems and the inefficiencies of traditional methods that provide case solutions and inability of these methods to meet the existing multidimensional needs and problems has caused many developing cities, Without a proper and comprehensive program, it is in a state of fragility and faced an excessive spread of poverty and an uncertain future. Hence, in response to the uncertain future of the future, management inefficiency and quality of life in cities, a new urban planning approach called the Urban Development Strategy (CDS) has been created by the Alliance of Cities since 1999, that of its goals, increasing competitiveness, efficiency, improving the quality of housing, reducing poverty and improving urban management can be counted.
Materials and MethodsThe present study is based on the nature of practical and in terms of method, descriptive-analytical. Data and information collection was done by using both documentary and field method (questionnaire). The statistical population of this study is citizens of four neighborhoods of the neighborhoods of the eight district of Shiraz (N=24871). Using Cochran's formula, 318 people were selected and the research questionnaire proportional to the population of each neighborhood was distributed and completed in a simple random method. In order to analyze the collected data, SPSS software and T-test one-way test were used. Finally, the RALSPI model has been used to evaluate the total urban development strategy indices and the ranking of neighborhoods surveyed. It should be noted that for comparison of each criterion and indicators of the urban development strategy in this model, after obtaining the opinion of 20 relevant experts (Using personal estimate) we used an ANP model to weigh each criterion.
Results and DiscussionThe averages of the urban development strategy indices in the studied neighborhoods indicate that in the good urban governance index, the average of most components is less than the initial set value of the test, that is, the numerical value is 3. So that apart from the "concordance orientation" component, the mean value of other good urban governance factors is less than the average of the test. Therefore, the average of the sample can be generalized to the total inhabitants of the studied neighborhoods. In the banking index, the numerical mean of "security infrastructure" and "communication infrastructure" is more than the set value of the test, that is, the number 3. The components of "educational infrastructure" and "security infrastructure" with the mean values of 2.20 and 3.45, respectively, were the lowest and most average. Therefore, the total average banking level at the neighborhood is 2.77. In the livability index, the average of all components of life is lower than the assumed mean of the test. Meanwhile, the components of "urban challenge" and "infrastructure" with average value of 2.72 and 2.25 have the highest and lowest average values and Also, the average life livability is equal to 2.44, which indicates that the neighborhoods of the Shiraz area of eight are unfavorable. Finally, in the Competitiveness Index, the average for all factors related to the "Competitiveness" factor is less than the average value of the test. So that the urban infrastructure, which is considered as one of the main factors of the growth and development of the city and neighborhoods and the main factor in the competitiveness issue, is with average (2.16) lower the limit of desirability compared to other indicators. Also, the total average competitiveness is 2.29, which is lower than the average.
ConclusionThe present study aims to evaluate neighborhoods (Bazar-Morgh, Darbe Shazdeh, Sare duzak, Sang siyah) in the 8th district of Shiraz based on four principles of urban development strategy and itsindicators. The results of the research indicate that the general mean of urban development strategy indices in the neighborhoods is lower than the average. So, in the Good Governorate Index, the Darbe Shazdeh Neighborhood with an average of 2.73 in the best situation and the Sang Siyah area with an average of 0.00 is in the worst position. In the bankability indexes of the Darbe Shazdeh and Sare duzak, due to the existence of bankability branches and commercial position of these neighborhoods, the area is located at a better level and the Sang Siyah area with the average of 2.37 is located in the lowest category. In the livability index, the Sare duzak and Sang siyah were arranged at an average of 2.93 and 1.63 in the best and worst conditions. Finally, in the competitiveness index of the Sare Duzak neighborhood with an average of 2.62 in the best situation and the Sang siyah with an average of 2.00 is in a bad position. In the end, in order to rank the neighborhoods of the eight district of Shiraz in terms of urban development strategy indicators, the RALSPI model was used because of decreasing the amount of indices' success. The findings of this model indicate that from the total area of study, the neighborhoods of Sare Duzak and Darbe Shazdeh, respectively, with the first and second rank, with a final score of 0.5109 and 0.4634 at a partly favorable level and the neighborhoods Bazar Morgh and Sang siyah with a final score of 1,6383 and 0.0052 at the most deprived level.
|Keywords:||Urban Development Strategy، RALSPI Model، Neighborhoods of Eight District، Shiraz City|
|Article Type:||Research/Original Article|
|Published:||Geography and Sustainability of Environment, Volume:9 Issue: 30, 2019|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|