|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/07/29|
|Seasonal Variations of Cadmium and Lead Concentrations in Water, Sediments, and Tissues of Fish in Mellat Artificial Lake, Iran|
|Author(s):||Mehdi Shamsaie Mehrgan*، Seyed Pezhman Hosseini Shekarabi، Bahareh Hassanzadeh، Seyed Hadi Seyed Alhosseini|
The present study aimed to determine the concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in water, bottom sediments, and tissues of sampled fish from Mellat artificial lake in Iran.
Two stations were selected to evaluate the heavy metal concentrations, including the IRIB qanat (S1) and middle part of the lake (S2). The measurements were performed in triplicate via flame atomic absorption spectroscopy.
In water, the highest levels of Pb (5.33 mg/l) and Cd (0.650 mg/l) were observed in the sampled sediments from S2 in autumn and winter, respectively (P < 0.05). Seasonal analysis revealed that the highest and lowest Pb concentrations were in the fish muscles in summer (8.107 mg/kg) and spring (0.487 mg/kg), respectively, while the fish liver showed the maximum (3.982 mg/kg) and minimum Pb concentrations (0.690 mg/kg) in autumn and winter, respectively. The Pb concentration in the fish muscle and liver was above the standard limits for human consumption. However, the Cd level in the fish muscle in spring was below the standard limits, which gradually increased and exceeded the standard limits.
Precautions are required to avoid the contamination of Mellat Lake with heavy metal-based sources due to the discharge of pollutants.
|Keywords:||Mellat lake، Cadmium، Lead، Heavy metals، Sediment|
|Article Type:||Research/Original Article|
|Published:||Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion, Volume:5 Issue: 4, 2020|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|