|تاریخ چاپ: 1399/08/05|
|Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy as the First Manifestation of AIDS: A Rare Case Report|
|Author(s):||Atousa Hakamifard *، Azin Shayganfar، Farzin Khorvash، Vahid Shaygannejad، Katayoon Tayeri، Ali Talebi Khorzoughi|
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) caused by the JC virus (JCV).
A 47-year-old woman with no history of any underlying diseases was hospitalized at our center with a loss of consciousness and aphasia. The investigation of the patient’s history revealed that she had been hospitalized in another hospital a month earlier due to right hemiparesis and dysarthria. Brain imaging was repeated that revealed demyelinating lesions. The laboratory studies showed a positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serology. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for JCV turned out positive and the diagnosis of PML was established.
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy should always be considered as an important differential diagnosis in patients with demyelinating brain lesions and HIV testing should be considered in these patients, as well.
|Keywords:||AIDS، Case Report، Human Immunodeficiency Virus، Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome، PML، JCV، Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy|
|Article Type:||Case Report|
|Published:||Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume:15 Issue: 1, 2020|
|Full text:||PDF is available on the website.|