فهرست مطالب

Research & Health - Volume:5 Issue:3, 2015
  • Volume:5 Issue:3, 2015
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1394/07/03
  • تعداد عناوین: 16
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  • Sedigheh Mohammadesmaeil, Alireza Atarodi * Pages 248-249
    Introduction
    Universities are the centers of interactions and communications and a basic of scientific products and publications in the country. Scientific production and publications are surveyed and evaluated for various reasons. Evaluation criteria with regard to the location, type and circumstances are different and are occasionally changed and new. In this study, we survey the new metrics and metric tools of academic production and publications and faculty members'' perspectives in this field.
    Method
    This is a descriptive and a cross-sectional study. The overall objective of this study was «The survey of social media metrics in academic communications and faculty members of Gonabad medical university perspective on these metrics in 2015» The data were collected by a study of library and information sources and using a self-made questionnaire and then were analyzed by SPSS-16 software.
    Results
    The Metrics and criteria for evaluation of scientific publications are in two traditional and new ones, and can also be supplemented or replaced. Most of the faculty members, ie 43 (55. 8%) suggested using of both methods together to evaluate scientific publications. There was a significant relationship between knowing the metrics with gender (at 0. 001), with the number of articles (at 0. 002), and with career record (at 0. 000) and the education field (at 0. 022). The main hypothesis was approved.
    Conclusion
    Evaluation and metric for any scientific production can enrich it and move towards a more qualitative work and will make the scientific productions more effective. The criteria and metrics would be useful and appropriate with having quantity and quality properties and to be able to evaluate properly, comprehensively, all tangible and intangible properties and create a healthy scientific competition since, the future health and well-being of a society depends on the quantity and quality of science and technology in that society.
    Keywords: Academics communications, Altmetric, Evaluation indicators, Scientific communication, Scientific metrics, Social media
  • Seyed Ali Sajjadi, Afsane Chavoshani *, Alireza Mohamadzade, Mozhgan Chavoshani Pages 250-256
    Different factors increase risk of disease transmission in beauty salons and respect to its health conditions of barber, place and devices, as the major preventive factors, play an important role in the control of disease transmission. Hence the main purpose of this study was to evaluate effective factors on health and microbial conditions in Gonabad beauty salons in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, 73 beauty salons were randomly selected. Data were compiled using a valid and reliable questionnaire, observation, interview, informal inspection of workplace and recording results of microbial cultures from device involved. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS software, version 16 and descriptive statistics. Personal health index of barbers was 79.45% good and acceptable. In 89.03% of them, device health index was good and acceptable. Positive results of bacteria and fungi infections were more in who had low work experience, low literacy level and low occupational satisfactory. Non Staphylococcus aurous and Non Candida albicans were the main bacterial and fungi contaminations respectively. According to these results, improve health conditions in the barbershops, training on proper disinfection techniques, promotion of more application of disinfectants and avoid of unhealthy behaviors in beauty salons were suggested.
    Keywords: Beauty salon, infection, Disinfection, Gonabad, Iran
  • Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohammad Shojai *, Hasan Rafati, Somaie Heydari, Shahram Tofighi, Zahra Khani Kolveri Moghadam Pages 257-264
    Introduction
    Hospitals, like other organizations in the community for survival and development are managers need creative and innovative. Breeding and training of such managers Appropriate demand shall provide the platform that its determination requires the understanding of factors affecting innovation and creativity of people is.
    Aim
    Factors influencing creativity and innovation managers, both military and civilian hospitals in Tehran.
    Methods
    Cross-sectional study method was conducted. Senior managers and middle managers in nine selected military and civilian hospitals in Tehran (90) The study formed. Data collection was conducted by questionnaire. Data obtained from 90 questionnaires, using SPSS software for analysis and comparison of mean scores obtained in different groups ANOVA was used.
    Results
    Results showed that the most organizational factors achieving points with 56.2 and the subsets of organizational factors, factors related to the reward system earned the highest score. The most important factors affecting innovation, hospital managers, and individual factors achieving points with 83.2 was identified among a subset of individual factors, factors related to science, knowledge and expertise manager earned the highest score.
    Conclusions
    According to the results, providing a suitable environment and good for the field organization may encourage hospitals to create innovative managers. To create such an environment also reform the payment systems and designing a suitable payment system in hospitals, action seems necessary. Change the prevailing culture in hospitals and innovation become the norm and a positive value, the benefit is not empty.
    Keywords: Creativity, innovation, management, hospital
  • Effat Merghati Khoei, Fatemeh Zarei, Shahnaz Rimaz *, Alireza Bayat, Neda Shams Alizadeh Pages 265-275
    Most high risk behavior form in adolescence. Unhealthy behavior such as unhealthy food habits, non physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and non safe sexual behavior establish in this critical period. Since the formation of the three domains of behavior can be influenced by behavioral, interpersonal, and environmental, exploring high-risk behaviors root among adolescents in socio -cultural infrastructure would be important. A qualitative content analysis has been used. Open semi structured Interviews were conducted until data saturation. These three categories have been emerged: parent communication, peer communication. A high risk behavior as abnormal behavior has interwoven causes. Therefore, peer role in communicative structure regarding to environmental and social institutions such as family and school is beyond of individual factors.
    Keywords: Adolescent, High risk behavior, Qualitative Content Analysis
  • Ahmad Ali Akbari Kamrani, Seyed Hojjat Zamani Sani *, Zahra Fathi Rezaie, Mahdi Bashiri, Ebrahim Ahmadi Pages 276-287
    Background
    The purpose of this study was investigating the validity and reliability of Persian version of perceived benefits/barriers of physical activity in Iranian elderly.
    Methods
    388 elderly subjects (up to 60 years) completed demographic characteristics questionnaire, Exercise Benefits/Barriers (EBBS) and Yale physical activity scale.
    Results
    Persian version of EBBS showed nine components, and 31 items predicted 60.26% of variance. Cronbach''s alpha for internal consistency in total and subscales was respectively 0.75, 0.91 and 0.71. As well positive and significant correlation between total benefits and its subscales and between total barriers and its subscales were found. Research results showed significant and positive correlation between physical activity and the benefits of physical activity (r=0.178, P<0.05) and significant and negative correlation between physical activity and the barriers of physical activity (r=0.249, P<0.05).
    Conclusion
    The results showed acceptable reliability and validity of Persian version of perceived benefits/barriers of physical activity in Iranian elderly.
    Keywords: Physical activity, Exercise, benefits, barriers, aging
  • Elahe Omidian *, Parvin Rafienia, Eshagh Rahimian Booger Pages 288-297
    Nowadays, body dissatisfaction and disturbed body image is very common among communities, especially women and adolescents. The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on disturbed body image and body dysmorphic disorder among high school girl students.The design of this study was quasi-experimental research with pretest -post test with control group and follow- up period. A sample include 27 individual who were selected with available sampling method (volunteer) of one of the high schools. Then, the subjects were divided in two groups; experimental Group (n= 14), and control Group (n= 13) and assigned in two experimental and control group and were tested by Fisher Body Image questionnaire and Modified Yale- Brown Obsessive-compulsive Scale for body dysmorphic disorder. Then, experimental group received 8 session of cognitive- behavioral therapy techniques and control group not received any treatment. In the end, information from both groups recollected and Follow-up tests were performed two month after the intervention. Data analyzed with Spss-18 software and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance.The findings showed that disturbed body image and body dysmorphic disorder was a significant difference between experimental and control group, in post-test and follow up.This Results study showed that cognitive-Behavioral group therapy is effective in decreasing disturbed body image and body dysmorphic disorder for high school girls. Therefore, it is suggested mental health professionals must be considered to implement and sustain these programs.
    Keywords: body image, body dysmorphic disorder, high school girls, cognitive, behavioral group therapy
  • Shahla Khosravan, Ali Alami, Somayyeh Golchin Rahni * Pages 298-304
    Background and Objectives
    There are some evidences for the decrease of sleep quality among diabetic patients. Because of negative impact of blood glucose on sleep disorders, we aimed at investigating The prevalence of sleep disorders in patients with type 2 diabetes and its risk factors.
    Methods
    This cross-sectional study was carried out on 507 patients with type 2 diabetes in Gonabad in 1391. for data collection valid and reliable questionnaire and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality questionnaire were used.The data were analyzed by software SPSS 20 and descriptive statistics.
    Results
    The prevalence of sleep disorders in this study was 50/7%. 65% of participants were women, and mean age of patients in the two groups with and without sleep disorders were respectively 58/56 and 57/90. Sleep disorder score significantly higher in women than men, and the marital status, occupation, daily glibenclamide, a significant relationship was observed in other diseases and improve sleep.
    Conclusion
    The prevalence of sleep disorders in patients with diabetes is high. Because of known effects of sleep disorders in diabetes, It is suggested to plan a sleep health program in patients with diabetes and it needs more attention.
    Keywords: Sleep disorders, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Prevalence
  • Farzad Nazem *, Zohreh Hosainzadeh Pages 305-313
    Background
    cardio-metabolic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease (CHD). Specially, greater physical activity is known to prevent and reduce the risk of many cardio-metabolic diseases. Walking is used under lifestyle conditions as a movement current pattern, especially in several social jobs. The aim of present study is to evaluate the relationship step per day with cardio-metabolic risk factors, and the effects of physical activity volume on this variables.
    Methods
    daily step volumes voluntarily were measured in the health postmenopausal women(n=40) by the electronic pedometer. Subjects (aged 55.9 ±4.6) divided by as active group(AG =20) and sedentary group(SG=20). Cardio-metabolic variables analyzed with the standards methods.
    Results
    Daily step averages in the AG(8022±2659 step/day) significantly was higher than SG (3450±913 step/day) (p<0.001).). There was a significant difference in body composition variables (BMI,%BF, WHR) among 2 groups and significant inverse correlations were found between activity and body composition variables in women(p<0.05). The significant inverse correlations was found between activity and HDL-C(r=0.34). the other correlations (LDL-C,TC, TG, HOMA-IR,Insulin, blood sugar) with steps per day were not significant(p>0.05).
    Conclusion
    In conclusion, in view of regular physical activity, increasing daily step volume may be associated with decrease risk factors for chronic disease (Increasing HDL-C) and obesity(BMI,%BF, WHR) for a 2 years period in the adult women. It seems that increasing steps per day (at least 8000 step/day) were not associated with changes in appetite hormones concentrations.
    Keywords: steps per day, post, menopause elderly females., cardio, metabolic risk factor
  • Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani, Bahram Abedi *, Mohammad Javad Rasaee, Firouzeh Dehghan Pages 314-322
    Physical activity is known to influence and regulate leptin hormone secretion, which assists in the regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a single session of concurrent exercise on leptin levels and insulin resistance, until 24 h post-exercise. Ten male subjects (22.9±1.7 years) healthy volunteer performed a single session of concurrent aerobic and resistance exercise [Aerobic exercise: 60%-70% of their maximal oxygen up take for 20 min and resistance exercise: 2 sets of 10 repetitions at 70% of 1 repetition maximum]. Leptin, glucose, insulin and insulin resistance index were measured before and 24 h after exercise. Significant difference was observed between serum leptin levels (5.75±1.06 ng.ml-1 vs, 5.06±0.62), insulin resistance index (1.21±0.18, vs. 1.03±0.13) and insulin concentration (6.02±0.54 UΙμ.ml-1 vs, 5.30±0.44). However, serum glucose levels (4.52±0.27 mmol.l-1 vs., 4.37±0.36) remained unchanged before and 24 h post-exercise. Significant correlations was observed between insulin resistance index to insulin levels (r=0.97, P=0.000) and glucose (r=0.91, P=0.000) and also between serum leptin to insulin levels (r=0.73, P=0.02) and insulin resistance index (r=0.68, P=0.038) (P<0/05). Results of this study indicated that even a single session of concurrent aerobic and resistance exercise with significant change in leptin levels could have positive effects on insulin resistance index.
    Keywords: Exercise, Insulin resistance, Leptin
  • Fariba Kaini, Mohammad Reza Khodabaksh * Pages 323-330
    Background
    Fatalism, an obstacle to the adoption of safe behaviors, describes the belief that injuries are unavoidable and occur due to haphazard or fate. The present study examined degree of fatalism related to injuries reporting rate and its dimensions among workers’ Isfahan Steel Company.
    Methods
    A self-administered anonymous was distributed to 250 workers. The survey included demographic factors, fatalism and injuries reporting rate and its components (physical symptoms, psychological symptoms and accidents). The data were analyzed by Multivariate and correlation techniques.
    Results
    The results showed that there were significant correlations between fatalism with injuries reporting rate and its dimensions namely physical symptoms, psychological symptoms and accidents (p<0.01). Also multivariate analysis indicated fatalism respectively about 21%, 9%, 21% and 14% of the variance of variables of injuries reporting rate, physical symptoms and psychological symptoms and accidents significantly predicted (p<0.05).
    Conclusion
    Changing fatalism culture in work environments can be important to prevent occupational diseases and accidents and to promote workers health.
    Keywords: fatalism, injuries reporting rate, physical symptoms, psychological symptoms, accidents, workers
  • Farkhondeh Sadat Torabi, Jahanshir Tavakolizadeh *, Ali Alami, Mahdi Moshki Pages 331-339
    Bakground: Today, the effect of education on life style by applying theories has been proven in different studies.The purpose of this study is Effect of Quran’s Teachings on Healthy Eeating Habits and Physical Activity of Gonabad Students using theory of planned behavior and Comparison of It between Boys and Girls in 2013.
    Methods
    In this quasi-experimental study (pretest-posttest without control group) eighty 12-15 years old students were selected by multi stage cluster random sampling. First, the samples completed eating habits and physical activity questionnaire based on constructs of theory of planned behavior,then received a five sessions course with content of Quran’s teachings based on the theory’s constructs. Four weeks after the last intervention post test was done and data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 and paired and independent t-tests and multi factorial regression.
    Results
    Results showed Quran’s teachings has positive effect on healthy eating habits (p< 0.001) and physical activity (p< 0.001) in all constructs theory of planned behavior. Also, there was significant difference in intention to healthy eating (p= 0.017) and physical activity behavior (p= 0.013) between boys and girls,The boys had higher levels of physical activity and healthy eating habits than girls. Regression results have revealed intention was the most anticipant for healthy eating behavior in boys (B= 0.831) and girls (B= 0.529). There was no significant relation between intention and physical activity behavior, it was anticipated with perceived behavioral control in boys (b= 0.628) and subjective norms in girls (B= 0.882).
    Conclusion
    In regard to results of this study, Quran’s teachings using theory of planned behavior has important effect on improving students’ healthy eating habits and physical activity and educational program for the adolescents must tailored to gender to obtain the optimum result
    Keywords: Quran's teachings, theory of planned behavior, Healthy eating, Physical activity, students
  • Razzagh Mahmoudi *, Reza Norian Pages 340-346
    Adding materials to reduce the microbial load and cover to deficit in milk is a health threat and has always provided consumer concern.112 raw cow milk samples were randomly collected from dairy industrial centers of Qazvin province during warm and cold seasons in 2012, physicochemical and added adulteration were investigated. Based on the results of chemical tests, the mean values of the lactose, density and solid non fat (SNF) milk samples examined in most cases in most cases was within the average range. However, the mean value amount of fat (2.48) and protein (2.32) samples was significantly lower than average range (P<0.05).The tests were carried out to determine the adulteration of milk samples indicate that the added water (16.07%), sodium hypochlorite (0.89%) and hydrogen peroxide (1.78%) were positive and In the other test results were negative. In this regard, the milk samples containing added water in the hot season were significantly higher than compared to cold season (P<0.05). Therefore, quality control of this product with high per capita consumption, which have a special place in the human diet, especially for children is necessary for physiochemical properties and added adulteration.
    Keywords: Milk, Physicochemical, Added adulterations, Qazvin
  • Farzaneh Ghadiri Bahramabadi *, Farzaneh Michaeli Manee, Ali Issazadeghan Pages 347-357
    In this essay, it is aimed to analyze the effectiveness of life skills training (self assertion, problem solving and stress management) on psychological well-being and students, satisfaction with school in uremia female adolescent students in 89-90 academic year. The method of this study is a semi-experimental type with pre-test and post-test.the statistic society was formed from all of uremia 3th middle school students from whom a sample containing 60 student were chromatic choosed. during 5 sessions, Participators received life skills training in 3 experimental groups and a control group. In order to pre and post-test, it was used from the psychological well-being (SWBS) and satisfaction with school scales. The data were analyzed by using T-test and Anova. Obtained results from pre and post T- test of dependant groups with 0/01 level showed that life skills training (self assertion, problem solving and stress management) has positive effects on improving psychological well-being and satisfaction with school. Anova data achievements, also signifies the more effects of educating self assertion skills in promoting the psychological well-being and satisfaction with school. Hence, it can be concluded that implementation of training programs of life skills (self assertion, problem solving and stress management) can have effects on improvement of the above mentioned variables.
    Keywords: Life skills, self, assertion, problem solving, stress management, psychological well, being, school satisfaction, adolescents girls
  • Teamur Aghamolaei, Amin Ghanbarnejad * Pages 358-365
    Health promoting behavior is one of the important health characteristics and well known as disease preventing factor. The aim of this study was assessment of reliability, validity and factor structure of Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). This cross sectional study was done among 706 persons over 15 years old in Bandar Abbas through cluster sampling. Data was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Cronbach’s α coefficient and inter scale correlation. Based on CFA, with omission three items from original HPLP II questionnaire, revised 49-items Farsi questionnaire had good fit. Goodness of fit index was 0.93. Cronbach’s α for total questionnaire was 0.92 and ranged from 0.71 to 0.86 for subscales. Inter scale correlation was significant and varied from 0.44 to 0.89. According to results, revised 49-items Farsi version of HPLP II questionnaire was introduced as a valid and reliable tool for assessing health promoting behaviors.
    Keywords: Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Health Promotion, HPLP II questionnaire, Lifestyle, reliability, validity
  • Hamid Mohyadini *, Zahra Sadeghi, Hamidreza Aghamohammadian Shaer Baf Pages 366-371
    Background And Aim
    Frustration is one factor that can provide in person arrangements to suicide. And the purpose of this study is effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy group over desperation in suicidal clients woman.
    Method
    This study used a quasi-experimental and pre-test - post-test with control group. The sample consisted of 30 female; Which was selected by sampling between suicidal clients woman with high levels of desperation who were referred to counseling and psychological services center Birjand; And were randomly divided into two groups of 15. A group, as a experimental group and other as control group was introduced. The tools of this research was desperation questionnaires. For data analysis using spss software and test method for analysis of covariance and independent t-test [t].
    Results
    The findings showed that there was a significant difference between mean differential scores of experimental group and control in desperation variable.
    Conclusions
    From results of this study can reach to this conclusion that cognitive-behavioral therapy group is effective in reducing disappointment in suicide attempters women. Keywords: cognitive-behavioral group therapy, desperation, suicide
    Keywords: cognitive, behavioral group therapy, desperation, suicide
  • Fereshteh Pourmohseni Koluri * Pages 372-381
    Sexual functioning is an important part of the marital life. Sexual satisfaction has strong relationship with general marital satisfaction and most of marital problems and divorces cused with sexual dissatisfaction. The objective of this qualitative study was to examination obstacle of sexual satisfaction in couples. This research used qualitative study and content analysis method. 33 married people and psychologists of counseling center of Ardebil through purposely-selected sampling method were selected. Participants interviewed with depth semistructured interviews. Interwiews were taped and analysis of the transcripts was guided by qualitative content analysis. Four main categories of obstacles of sexual satisfaction were found. Lack of sexual education courses, Sexual dysfunction, mental and physical diseases, incorrect religious beliefs and cultural factors categories were emerged. Lack of sexual education courses was an important category in sexual dissatisfaction. Lack of enough information about sexual response process, mental disorder and physical problems, sexual disorder, cultural and religious factor caused sexual dissatisfaction. Sexual skills education with focus to remove of these barriers would increase their sexual satisfaction.
    Keywords: Sexual Satisfaction, Couples, Qualitative Research, Content analysis