فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:2 Issue:11, 2016
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1394/10/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Filiz Kadi*, Canan Peker Pages 1319-1339
    Recently, e-commerce usage has been increasing in the world thanks to the rapid development of science and technology. Also in Turkey, it began to be used by the consumers and firms due to the various advantages. The aim of this study is to analyze the factors affecting e-commerce development in Turkey. The study consists of three parts. In the first part, general information about e-commerce has been given. In the second part, literature has been reviewed. In the third part, econometric analysis has been made. Factors affecting e-commerce in Turkey have been analyzed by using vector autoregressive (VAR) model. Monthly macro data for the period between 2010 and 2014 has been used for the analyses. Empirical evidence shows that consumer price index, import and credit card usage are significant factors affecting e-commerce in Turkey.
    Keywords: E, commerce, Time Series Analysis, Vector Autoregressive Models
  • Nupur Goel, Ashwani Mahajan Pages 1340-1348
    Indian retail sector is in the nascent stage, even though India has become an attractive place or target for foreign players due to one of the largest consumer markets in the world. At present, around 92 percent retail sector comes under the unorganized retail and 8 percent of retail belongs to the organized retail. Because of modern style of consumer’s buying behavior, organized retail has become more famous in big cities. Earlier, entry of foreign retailers was restricted in India but now Government has opened its doors wide for single brand retail and only 51 percent FDI is allowed in multi brand retail. The present paper is an attempt to analyze the perceptions of consumers about foreign direct investment (FDI) in retail through questionnaire and interpreted by SPSS software. This research study presents an overview of Indian retail segment, current policy of Foreign Direct Investment in retail and the correlation between the foreign direct investment in retail and consumer purchasing behavior. It also includes the views of consumers for the perception of buying capacity, shopping style, quality of product, brand consciousness and monopoly situation of market.
    Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Consumer, Unorganized retail, organized retail, Brand Consciousness.
  • Hossein Jalilvand Pages 1349-1356
    The present study is an attempt to survey the relationship between managers’ negotiation skills and organizational health. To this end, North Khorasan Health Insurance General Organization was selected as the case study (2013-2014). Regarding the purpose, the study is an applied work and as to methodology and nature, it is descriptive correlative work. Study population was comprised of all employees of the organization. Two standard questionnaires of negotiation skills based on Pierr’s model measures and Milez’s organizational health questionnaires were distributed among 100 members of the study population. The collected data were examined in SPSS19 using Pearson and Friedman’s Correlation based on the proposed hypotheses. The findings supported the main hypothesis of relationship between the elements of negotiation skills and organization health at confidence level of 99%. Therefore, there is a need to take the negotiation skills elements into account when it comes to organizational health.
    Keywords: Negotiation skills, realistic style, analytical style, normative skills, intuitive skill, organizational healt
  • Hossein Jalilvand, Masumeh Karamati, Hassan Nodehi, Hassan Bagheri Nia* Pages 1357-1369
    The present study is an attempt to survey the relationship between the manager’s tolerance and organizational health. The concept of tolerance, within the scope of this paper is a directional and moderate action to deal with controversial and opposite directions. The aspects of Islamic tolerance include ontological, anthropological, epistemological, and axiological foundations. The elements of organizational health are institutional unity, initiating structure, consideration, and resource support, moral and academic emphasis. Study population was comprised of 45 employees of Esfarayen University of Technology and Engineering. Research tools were a standard questionnaire of organizational and researcher-designed management’s tolerance questionnaire. Data analyses were carried out using correlation and simple regression tests. The study results indicated a significant relationship between organizational health and Islamic tolerance. It was concluded, thereby, that observation of principles of tolerance in the organization boosts organizational health. In addition, maximum mean point was obtained among descriptive indices of organizational health by consideration and initiating structure and by anthropology among elements of tolerance
    Keywords: Organization health, manger's tolerance, Islamic management.
  • Arash Ketabforoush Badri, Mohammadreza Mohammadvand Nahidi* Pages 1370-1378
    One of the key issues in economics is the appropriate mobilization of skills and talents of human resources in a society. Employment plays a crucial role in the dynamism of a person’s life, and it can be viewed as the focal point of human and social relations. Policy makers and economic analysts in financial are trying to find solutions for increasing and improving employment. In this regard, the aim of this study is to investigate the role of openness and taxes on employment performance in Iran and selected developing countries. Hence, the model is evaluated using panel data for selected developing countries over the period 2005-2012. The results show that the tax has a significant negative effect on employment, so that a 1% increase in the amount of employment is reduced by 0.04 percent. Also openness and manufacturing value added have positive impact and exchange rates has a negative impact on employment.
    Keywords: Openness, Taxes, Employment, Panel Data.
  • Habibollah Salarzehi, Maryam Rashki*, Mino Heydari Pages 1379-1392
    The significant role of small and medium enterprises in the economy of developing countries has led researchers to search for ways to create efficiency and advantages for the firms in the process of economic and industrial development. Thus, new product development has always been important for managers and business owners. Given the limited funding for research and development in small and medium businesses, maintaining a competitive advantage and new product development of the network has been offered as solutions. Therefore, in this paper, it is tried to explain cooperation networks and their advantages in new product development of small and medium firms with a descriptive method and study the research carried out.
    Keywords: New product development (NPD), SMEs, Cooperation Networks
  • Patrick Omagbon Pages 1393-1402
    This paper attempts to analyze the conceptual development of accounting vis-à-vis the evolution of cost accounting and management accounting from the general accounting system. It also looked into the evolution and promotion of international accounting bodies. The investigation so far revealed that the historical evolution of modern day accounting, from all evidence date to 1211 A.D. when Italian bank was said to have kept a complete double-entry books of accounts. In the light of this therefore, we concluded that the invention of double-entry bookkeeping cannot be ascribed to any individual.
    Keywords: Accounting, Account, Accounting profession, Development, History