فهرست مطالب

پژوهشگران فرهنگ - پیاپی 29 (پاییز و زمستان 1390)
  • پیاپی 29 (پاییز و زمستان 1390)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/07/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
|
|
  • Dr. Abbas Rahmati, Sara Hosseini Page 13
    The aim of this research has been the study of affective climate and its related factors among the Kerman province families. The research method was descriptive, of correlational type. Statistical community, including 384 parents of students, were chosen through a combination of sampling methods (stratified, multistage cluster and simple random) and the desired data were obtained by the two questionnaires which consisted of 20 and 77 questions related to family affective climate and child rearing practices, and the data were analyzed using Chisquare, Friedman and Mac Nmar tests. Results showed that affective climate in 56 families (13%) was cold and in 316 families (73%) was warm. Affective climate was similar in families of different regions. There was no significant relationship between age, parent education and family income and family affective climate. There was a significant relationship between the number of children, participation of parents in family education classes, consulting with experts in the field of education, using radio and television educational programs, newspapers, magazines or books for training children and families affective climate. There was a significant relationship between child rearing practices and family affective climate. Parents belonging to families with warm affective climate used more athoritative style and parents with cold family affective climate used more a powerfully style.
    Keywords: Affective Climate, Methods of training children, Family, Parents, Students
  • Hossein Rohani Ravari Page 31
    This survey is a Field study which in addition to collecting data (anthropology) by Participatory Observation, Interview and Documents, explains and analyzes one of the Rituals of seeking rain among Ravar inhabitants. The Rituals of seeking and stopping rain are a part of folklore. People do the rituals of seeking rain in the occurrence of successive droughts and lack of timely rains in order to provide rainfall. It consists of a set of actions and beliefs that by performing them believers ask God (The ruling forces of the nature) rain down on the thirsty land. The inhabitants, despite of public awareness of environmental Factors involved in precipitation, performs the ritual of Taloo and other rites which has many commonalities with other cultural areas beyond Iran and Iran. Taloo the symbolic and dramatic element in this ritual, as a doll or dummy of the rain wears like a shabby and exhaustive dummy which is the symbol of a helpless human beings for waterless and drought and goes to people's houses and causes unison, sharing intentions in demanding rainfall. This faith in our country is performed to ask the Gods of heaven and earth- Ritual and mythic aspects of Anahita (God of water) and Tishtar (one of the Mazdisna's deities and the Rain Guardian) - and basically is rooted in the religious beliefs and myths which are survivals of human primary beliefs (Magic, Totemism, Animism) and Myth, and has linked to spiritual religious beliefs.
    Keywords: Taloo rolling, rites of seeking rain, Religion, Myth, Rain Dummy
  • Javad Salehii, Elham Sadeghi Rad, Dr. Masoomeh Salari Page 61
    A society that could better improve the Islamic ethics virtue in different figures such as scientific, artistic, social, cultural, and etc will have less crime and harshness; just as the instruction of Islam's criminal policy which is stablished according to this rule and it has designed and engineered this system for more than 14 centuries. A brief study presents that in this planned system Islam's criminal policy emphasizes on the prevention before the cure. Therefore, first it considers the causative factors and the fields of sin and crime; then practicality seeks a solution to cope with them. So there is a considerable relation between the subject of crime prevention and Islamic ethics virtues. It seems this issue is the most important steps of Islam's criminal policy to present crime and go towards the purity and chastity. This article aims to study the effect of Islamic ethics virtues on Islam's criminal policy outlook in order to present crime which has studied and analyzed in different aspects.
    Keywords: Crime, Islam's criminal policy, Ethical virtues, Crime prevention
  • Zeinab Rostami Dolatabad Page 83
    One of the main questions in the scope of education and philosophy is that what is recognition and how is it achieved? In this respect, philosophers and experts have suggested different viewpoints. The necessity and importance of the cognition indicates that all these viewpoints should be studied and examined. These theories have been presented and evaluated but not corroborated as a comprehensive viewpoint. In the present thesis, Imam ja’far Sadeq’s(be peace upon him)viewpoint has been studied in a qualitative method and its elements includes: concept, implements, resources, constraints and impediments cognition. Regarding the literature of this research, it is proved that Imam Sadeq’s cognition theory is comprehensive and accumulates all the power and strength that other theories hold individually and doesn’t contain their weaknesses. He also has alleged new points about ways of discerning the cognition and its related resources, constraints and impediments. Since education is based upon cognition therefore it has been presented Imam Sadeq’s guidelines about epistemology, implications and connotations of education such as: definition, goal, fundamentals, principles, methods and subject of education. The study of this research places the readers in the right path towards achieving a right cognizance and perfection.
    Keywords: Imam Sadeq, cognition, implements, resources of cognition, constraints, impediments of cognition, educational implications
  • Dr. Sayyed Mohammad Tayebi Page 109
    In true religion doctrines of Islam and in the course of educational purposes and presentation of felicitous guidelines for human societies, history has a particular importance. In the history of Islamic civilization the mentioned science is possessed of manifestation, appearance and growth in the related branches and fields; and compare to other civilizations it has left more brilliant grade behind. In the present research it has been tried to study and describe the role and efficiency of this major's scholars in the fields of Islamic civilization in different types and branches. The results show that Moslem historians not only have worked on different and important fields of historical subjects eagerly and faithfully, they have written different works and in general succeeded in enhancing the glorification of history science and influenced other civilizations by new orientations of historiography.
    Keywords: Researching History, Islamic civilization, History of Islam, Islamic historiography, Moslem historians
  • Dr. Hossein Ghazanfarpour, Dr. Hojatollah Sharafi, Mohsen Kamandari, Nasim Amiri Page 127
    Tourism is a combination of the different activities which is performed to serve tourists as a chain. Tourism is an economic driving motor for developed and developing countries. This industry in some countries, is known as the largest and widest world service industry to establish the effective job opportunities concerning to the first and second sections. It needs the more attention as an effective activity for all development basics more than the past. The rural tourism, although, is a new word in the country tourism industry, actually its basis is related to the first human life travels. Because at first, social life after care dwelling and immigration has been rural-dwelling. The first steps to words rural tourism were taken when the human being considered himself/herself leisure time and began to travel. As a result, given to global experiences rural tourism can develop considerable social and economic benefits for the rural regions by increasing income and improving infrastructures especially in the margined and non-developed districts. Also it can help the economic of rural districts with reinforcement of social and economic reconstruction. The present article aims to study the environmental capabilities of Laleh zar in Bardsir. Based on this goal, the article hypothesis includes: existence of a significant relation between increasing tourists and tourism facilities in Laleh zar village. The research method of article is descriptive – analytic. The region capabilities are studied by using questionnaire tool. The obtained results show that lack of information, restriction of facilities and dwelling and servicing infrastructures have resulted in inappropriate productivity of its environmental capabilities.
    Keywords: environmental capabilities, rural tourism, Bardsir town – Laleh zar village
  • Alireza Vahidzadeh, Ahmad Shafiei, Dr. Reza Abbasi, Dr Alireza Asadi Page 149
    This study is a review to the rehabilitation project based on the society in the area of Dasht-e-Zahmatkeshan which has been done one year after, apparently, its successful accomplishment by studying the collected records in the welfare office of the province, the reports presented to the related offices and the field observations in the mentioned area. In fact, the basis of this study is the model presented by Scope(the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations in Asia and Australasia in the book of Prevention and Rehabilitation based on the society). It is based on multisectional procedure that with reference to it, the feasibility of such programs needs the amity and complemental function of different sections and subsections of administrative, social, economic, cultural and …. in the area which the lack, decrepitude or imbalance of them causes the model wont reach to the excellence level and maybe just has a fragmentary success; as we study an actual example of it about the project of Dasht-e- Zahmatkeshan.
    Keywords: Disability, Rehabilitation, Facilitation, Association
  • Sayyed Reza Moeinzadeh Mirhosseini, Sayyed Mohsen Moeninzadeh Page 189
    Hakim Aboo Moein Naserkhosro Ghobadiani is one of the greatest poets of 5th A.H. century. He was thoroughly proficient in rational and traditional sciences of his own era. He put his trust in Ismaeleya religion, while he was publicizing the religion, he was given the title of Hojat khorasan. Naserekhosro took advantage of poem both as a means for expressing beliefs and publicizing religion. In the remained prose and rhymed works of this commited poet, his command of Quran, Hadith1, philosophical and religious science is clear. His anthology of poetries, in which he used Quran’s verses in different ways is so worthy both from intellectual and literal aspects. In this study it is indicated some examples of the Quranic structures applied in his anthology of poetries.
    Keywords: Holy Quran, Naser Khosro, Persian Verse, Anthology of poetries
  • Azadeh Sharifi Moghadam, Mahdie Karami, Anahita Bordbar Page 215
    “Proverbs” are commonly used in language due to their deep contents and simple structure which makes it possible to be easily understood. Simplicity of proverbs is partly because of the use of usual and accustomed words, such as the names of animals, plants, foods, colors and body part names. The aim of the present research is to study the usage of body part terms in proverbs from the viewpoints of signification, semantic component and subjectivity. So, after extracting 234 proverbs including at least one body part term, they were analyzed and classified according to the above mentioned criteria. Data analyses show the following
    Conclusions
    signification of body part terms in the proverbs is semi-referential,specific, inconstant and metaphoric: the dominant subjects are ethical manners,emotional and social: the metaphoric usage of body part terms show certain prominent semantic features in their meanings: and the use of body part terms is the real diagram of creativity in language.
    Keywords: bodypart terms, proverbs, signification componential features, subjectivity
  • Dr. Pooran (Sedigheh) Ali Pour, Hamideh Kamkar Page 239
    Foregrounding is one of the artistic pivots of language which is different from the common speech and does not apply ordinary language in text. A narrative prose in order to become a literary one at least needs deviation, specially the stylistic one. Basically foregrounding appears in two types of deviation and parallelism in literary works to lead them from a prosaic prose to a poetical one. Moradi Kermani is one of the contemporary story writers who applied this kind of artistic pivot a lot. This article tries to study and analyze the concept of foregrounding and mention the related theoretical principles and also study and present this literary subject in two of his works named "Khomreh" and "nakhl".
    Keywords: Foregrounding, Deviation, Hooshang Moradi Kermani, Story