فهرست مطالب

  • سال دوم شماره 2 (بهار 1395)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/04/26
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Mohammad Ali Heidarnia* Pages 1-2
  • Kobra Hosseini, Mohammad Javad Asghare Ebrahim Abad*, Mohammad Saeed Abde Khodaee Pages 3-11
    Background And Objectives
    Religion as a key element of the culture of any nation gives back identity and unity to the society. One of the effective religious rituals in the treatment of mental disorders is a pilgrimage that can have an important role in mental health. The purpose of this research has been studying the relationship between the Pilgrimage of Imam Reza(AS) with a feeling of happiness and life satisfaction.
    Materials And Methods
    The method of this research is descriptive-Correlation. The study populations are the pilgrims and Neighbors of Imam Reza(AS) shrine. 382 people are participated in this study through the method of choice available. In order to evaluate pilgrimage¡ we used the research made questionnaire¡ which consists of 20 questions about attitude and practice to pilgrimage. This questionnaire is divided as four degree Likert scale(from strongly disagree to strongly agree) from1 to 4. The overall range of scores is from 20 to 80. Also for evaluating happiness and life satisfaction¡ we got use of Oxford Happiness and life satisfaction diner questionnaires¡ respectively. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and two variables regression analysis and SPSS software.
    Results
    The results of Pearson correlation test showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the attitude and practice to pilgrimage and happiness¡ life satisfaction¡ (p
    Conclusion
    As a result¡ the pilgrimage of Imam Reza(AS) is a religious ceremony in the Shia community that can affect people''s psychological feelings and provide the field of happiness and life satisfaction.
    Keywords: Pilgrimage of Imam Reza(AS), Happiness, Life satisfaction
  • Esmat Mehrabi, Sepideh Hajian*, Masoomeh Simbar, Mohammad Hoshyari Pages 12-23
    Background And Objectives
    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide and in addition to the physical complications¡ caused multiple mental and emotional challenges for patients. Present study was performed through phenomenological qualitative approach in a sample of Iranian women to deep exploration and better understanding of coping ways that patients use when face with cancer¡ with a focus on methods based on religion and spirituality based.
    Materials And Methods
    Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 27 eligible patients. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using Van Manen thematic approach. Data collection and analysis were carried out simultaneously. In addition¡ Maxqda (Ver10) software was used for data management.
    Results
    The mean age of participants was 50±8.77years¡ ranging from 32 to 68 years. About 22% of these patients had Lumpectomy (remove part of breast tissue) and others (78%)¡ mastectomy (remove of all breast)¡ respectively. By analyzing and extracting the primary codes from the interviews¡ the final codes were extracted and divided into 6 sub and 2 conceptual categories¡ and relation between the conceptual categories led to emerge of the study main theme “Transcendence-oriented effort to adjustment”.
    Conclusion
    Breast cancer patients in this study predominantly employed dynamic processes and coping strategies to deal with the reality of disease that had been formed from their religious and spiritual beliefs. Therefore¡ it is necessary to health care providers¡ while maintaining respect for patients and considering their spiritual and religious beliefs¡ make available religious counseling in order to providing spiritual health promotion for patients.
    Keywords: Spirituality, Religious Attitudes, Coping, Compatibility, Breast Cancer, Phenomenology
  • Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Moshirian Farahi*, Mohammad Javad Asghare Ebrahim Abad, Seyedeh Maryam Moshirian Farahi, Shamim Razaghi Kashani, Hamed Tavakoli Pages 24-33
    Background And Objectives
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between religious attitude and mental health and marital satisfaction is mediated by resiliency.
    Materials And Methods
    The research is a descriptive – correlation study. 60 samples were chosen randomly among Chenaran prison staff. Study Tools were Baraheni Religious Attitude Scale¡ Connor and Davidson Resiliency Scale¡ GHQ-28 mental health and ENRICH couple scale. The research data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS and Pearson correlation coefficient¡ Regression and ANOVA analysis.
    Results
    Our findings indicate an inverse significant relationship between religious attitude and mental health Score (P>0.01)¡ as well as positive significant relationship between religious attitudes and marital satisfaction (P>0.05). In addition¡ there is not a significant relationship between resiliency and mental health¡ but there is a significant positive relationship between marital satisfaction and resiliency (P>0.01). ANOVA analysis showed that religious attitude and resiliency as a complement predict 43 percent of to marital satisfaction.
    Conclusion
    Research findings indicate the relationship between religious attitudes and resiliency¡ with components of mental health and marital satisfaction.
    Keywords: Religious attitudes, Resiliency, Psychological health, Marital satisfaction
  • Monireh Amiri, Anahita Khodabakhshi Koolaee*, Zabih Pirani Pages 34-43
    Background And Objectives
    Religious attitudes and emotional intelligence of students can be changed under parenting styles. Propose of this study was to investigate the effect of perceived parenting styles on religion attitude and emotional intelligence of high-school girl students in 2014.
    Materials And Methods
    The statistical society of research was the high-school girls in 2014 in Arak city¡ 87 of them were selected by multistage cluster sampling. Participants answered the two questionnaires including emotional intelligence¡ religion attitude (Baraheni) questionnaires. The mothers of participants replied to parenting styles questionnaire¡ Baumrind questionnaire. The data were analyzed by multi-variety regression and Pearson correlation.
    Results
    The results showed permissive parenting style had negative significant correlation with religion attitude and emotional intelligence. In addition¡ authoritarian parenting had no relationship with the emotional intelligence¡ while the authoritative parenting style had positive correlation with emotional intelligence and religion attitude of students.
    Conclusion
    The findings revealed that the authoritative parenting leads to more emotional intelligence and religion attitude of students that facing the problems life while in the case of permissive parenting is the opposite.
    Keywords: Parenting Styles, Religion Attitude, Emotional Intelligence, Girl Students
  • Hossein Mohammadi*, Mohammad Amin Mortazavi, Mohammad Reza Mousavi, Qolamhossein Javanmard, Alireza Monfaredi Pages 44-53
    Background And Objectives
    Religious beliefs play an important role in the social and psychological life¡ Students as the spiritual resources of society and Social capacities¡ are selective in terms of talent¡ creativity and perseverance. Having comfort and peace of mind in all aspects are essential for academic achievement and successful life¡ as well as attention to other interventions affecting the learning environment. This study from the psychological point of view has explored the relationship between religious beliefs and mental health of students.
    Materials And Methods
    Method of this study was Descriptive-Correlation to examine the relationship between religious beliefs and mental health among students. The sample consisted of 183 students (88 men and 95 women) which were selected using random sampling among engineering students of Bonab University. Data collection techniques for Practical Commitment to Religious Beliefs and mental health are Golzari 2- Mabad Questionnaire and General Health questionnaire (GHQ- 28)¡ respectively. Data using were analyzed using SPSS (Version 22) software and descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation).
    Results
    The data showed a negative significant correlation between Religious commitment and physical and mental disorders. Linear regression analysis was confirmed predictive role of religious commitment in mental health and its components (P
    Conclusion
    Religious commitment result in promotion of mental health in students. With regard to the positive impact of religious beliefs and practices in mental health¡ the use of this capacities are recommended for planning mental health activities¡ particularly for the students.
    Keywords: Religious Commitment, Mental Health, Students
  • Ata Pourabbasi*, Jalal Farzami, Mahbubeh Sadat Ebrahimnegad Shirvani Pages 54-58
    The definitions of health and disease are some controversial among medicine philosophers. Some of them consider the concept of telos of life in their definitions. Among these conversations¡ The Islamic sources regarding the end of life are rich and usable for health definition. Obedience and move towards Allah is the ultimate goal of human life which is stated in the Qur''an. The realization of this objective requires some preparations which obtaining cognition is the first and most important of these arrangements. In this conceptual framework¡ health is defined as the status of body and spirit in which the effective cognition can be achieved and consequently the ultimate goal of life¡ worship may be provided. On the other hand cognitive functions must be assessed during observation of human behaviors and adaptation of them with defined codes of behavior explained by Allah in the form of religion instead of common psychometrics and cognitive assessment techniques.
    Keywords: Health, Disease, Telos of life, Interventions, Educational medicine
  • Masoud Nakhaei Moghadam, Mahdi Fani* Pages 59-65
    In this study¡ according to the words of Imam Ali (as) in Nahj al-Balagha is attempted to achieve a sense of spiritual health. For this purpose¡ it was focused on the use of the health word in this collection and found physical (physical) and spiritual health is considered. Since the word «spirituality» was not used in Nahj al-Balagha¡ inevitably we referred to the words of the Nahj al-Balagha commentators and found this term is commonly used in the mystical¡ moral and religious aspects. And partly this application can be seen in the words of non-Islamic researchers¡ then in the end¡ it is likely that spiritual health¡ a set of «true beliefs with respect for moral values» have been augmented.
    Keywords: Spiritual Health, Nahj al Balagha, Statements