فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:3 Issue: 9, 2016
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/08/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Saeed Karimi Petanlar, Saeed Rasekhi, Somayeh Ebrahimzadeh* Page 459
    The purpose of the present research is to study the effect of foreign direct investment on employment in tourism. In this regard, the effect of foreign direct investment as well as gross domestic production (GDP), tax rate, and globalization index as explanatory variables are studied on tourism employment as dependent variable using panel data econometrics through statistical data of 48 selected countries including Iran within 2009-2013. The results indicate that foreign direct investment negatively influences employment in tourism among the selected countries. Regarding tourism as a user sector and since foreign direct investment is associated with technology transfer and as many labor services may not be substituted by technology, attracting foreign investment is less than other sectors. Therefore, the professions are created by foreign investment in more attracting industries. Thus, it concluded that foreign direct investment attracts tourism sector workforce and reduces employment through creating professions in other economic sectors. It can be stated that this significant effect is maintained. Moreover, the effect of GDP and tax rate is positive; whereas, the globalization index variable is negative, which is consistent with the experimental results of previous studies.
    Keywords: Foreign direct investment, employment, tourism, panel data
  • Qaisar Iqbal *, Siti Hasnah Binti Hassan Page 473
    The aim of this study is to determine mean comparison and identify similarities for all five dimensions of service quality between public hospitals in London city, UK and private hospitals in Attock city of Pakistan on the basis of patient’s perception. Data was collected from patients through self-administered questionnaire. SERVQUAL was measurement scale, comprises of 21 items covering all five dimensions. Independence T-Test was performed to analyze collected data using Statistical software package for social sciences. Response rate is this study is 83.33%. It is concluded that in both sectors, performance of hospitals is lowest in responsiveness dimension of service quality. There is highest level of assurance among public hospitals of United Kingdom but in Pakistani private hospitals, empathy dimension is on higher side as compared to other four dimensions. Overall service quality in public hospitals of UK is better than those in private hospitals of Pakistan.
    Keywords: Service Quality, HealthCare Units, Developing, Developed Country, Patient's perception
  • Qaisar Iqbal* Page 486
    This paper aims to investigate impact of preferential treatment (Nepotism and favoritism) on job satisfaction and turnover intentions of employees. Using convenient sampling technique, data was collected from 200 academic staff of various private universities through self-administered questionnaire. Correlation and Regression analysis has been employed to analyze hypotheses. Results revealed that there is negative impact of nepotism over job satisfaction and turnover intentions of employees. It has been also concluded that with increase in favoritism, there is upward trend in job satisfaction and employee’s turnover intentions. Preferential treatment is generally accepted in Pakistani society so less variance has been observed in job satisfaction and turnover intentions of employees in presence of preferential treatment.
    Keywords: Preferential treatment, Job satisfaction, turnover intentions, Education Sector, Private Universities
  • Reza Mamashli *, Vahid Osku Page 498
    The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of unconditional conservatism, institutional ownership and size of institute auditor on stock price. For measure unconditional conservatism we use the Beaver and Ryan model (2000). In this study we use a sample of 101 firms listed in Tehran Stock Exchange during the period 2010 to 2014. The results of multiple regression model and panel data with fixed effects, showed that in 95% confidence, unconditional conservatism has significant negative effect on the stock price and institutional ownership has a significant positive effect on stock prices, but no significant correlation between the size of audit and stock prices.
    Keywords: Unconditional conservatism, institutional ownership, size of institute auditor, stock price
  • Uzma Anjum *, Junaid Aftab, Qurrat, Ul, Ain Sultan, Mohammad Ahmed Page 509
    The current study focuses on the service quality factors which influence customer satisfaction in telecom industry of Pakistan. Customer satisfaction can be built up when brand satisfies the requirements and cravings of clients. Therefore, we took five service quality dimensions (empathy, reliability, assurance, responsiveness & tangibility) as predicting variables towards criterion variable customer satisfaction. This research was carried out on customers of telecom sector. An aggregate of 320 questionnaires were distributed among the customers of telecom industry of Pakistan through electronic forms as well as simple forms out of which 255 forms were returned i.e. response rate was79.7%. The outcomes of statistical tests demonstrate that three out of five predictor variables i.e. assurance, responsiveness and reliability have positive impact on customer satisfaction while empathy and tangibility have no significant influence on customer satisfaction. Research limitations and future plans also discussed in this research.
    Keywords: Service quality, Empathy, Customer satisfaction, Telecom Sector of Pakistan
  • Parvaneh Salatin *, Tahereh Jahani Page 521
    Regulatory Burden implies the part where government policies that increase or decrease market activity those terms of two sub-indices, the strength of enterprises and financial institutions and market size is measured. In this regard, the rules are explicit, they are easier to implement. With the multiplicity and complexity of regulations, provisions will be faced with the more problems which will lead to negative consequences such as corruption and bribery, the expansion of informal activities in the black economy. The main aim of this article is to investigate the relationship between the theoretical and the impact of Regulatory Burden of the black economy in selected countries OECD. The results of the model, fixed effects group selected countries for 2013-2002 period show that Regulatory Burden had significant negative impact on the black economy group selected countries.
    Keywords: Black Economy, Regulatory Burden Implies, Fixed Effects Method
  • Wilberforce Senelwa *, Elegwa Mukulu, John Kihoro Page 532
    This paper examines the extent to which academic entrepreneurial intentions influences the creation of University Spin-offs firms from various significant viewpoints. Commercialization and technology transfer of innovations from universities and other research institutions is progressively considered by scholars and policymakers as the key ingredient in the developing and sustaining regional economic growth. It is always argued that; for effective conversion of research findings into new business venture, a close collaboration of the government –university – industry must be active, the connection of individual academic and prevailing university environment forms the requisite solid foundation of academic entrepreneurship. This is resolutely determined by the entrepreneurial intentions of the researcher towards commercializing the final findings to meet a crucial market need on one hand or through a creation of a spin-off firm on the other hand. Finally, this article develops a conceptual framework that explains the relationship between academic entrepreneurial intentions, university context and creation of university spin-offs firms.
    Keywords: Academic Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Intent, Spin, Off Firms