فهرست مطالب

Hormozgan Medical Journal - Volume:20 Issue: 3, 2016
  • Volume:20 Issue: 3, 2016
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/06/22
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Mostafa Ravanbakhsh *, Seyed Abdollah Mousavi, Shahram Zare Pages 169-175
    Introduction
    Iron deficiency anemia and beta-thalassemia trait are the two most common causes of hypochromic microcytic anemia. There are some discriminating functions (DFs) formula to differentiate these two conditions based on RBC's indices which would be compared the validity of the 14 various indices in this study.
    Methods
    A total of 227 patients from 21st March to 21st June 2014 were studied by calculating 14 DFs i.e. Keikhaei (KI), RDWI, Green & King (G & KI), England & Fraser (E & FI), Mentzer (MI), Shine & Lal (S & LI), Telmissani (TI), Ricerca (RI), Ehsani (EI), Keli (RBC) and 4 new indices (F1, F2, F3 & F4). The study included 105 iron deficient patient and 122 beta-thalassemia trait cases (HbA2>3.5 & HbA2
    Results
    None of the indices showed 100% sensitivity and specificity. G & KI, KI, RDWI, E & FI, F3, EI and MI showed the highest value in differentiating IDA from BTT. The lowest value was belong to S & LI, F4 and F2 indices.
    Conclusion
    Based on Youden index (YI), the value of discrimination function indices from highest to lowest was as follow: G & KI> KI> RDWI> E & FI> F3> EI> MI> RBC> F1> RI> F2> F4> S & LI.
    Keywords: Anemia Hypochromic Microcytic, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Beta, Thalassemia Trait
  • Mohammad Taher Afshounpour *, Abdolhamid Habibi, Ruohollah Ranjbar Pages 177-188
    Introduction
    Apelin and resistin as novel adipokines have insulin-sensitizing effects, which may be associated with decreased blood glucose concentration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of combined exercise training on plasma concentrations of apelin, resistin and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetics male (T2D).
    Methods
    In a quasi-experimental study, 24 males with type 2 diabetes were selected from patients of Golestan Hospital Diabetes Clinic in Ahvaz. Subjects were selected using available sampling method. They were randomly divided into two groups: control (mean age, 41.8±4.5 years, mean weight, 82.3±8.9, n=12), and combined exercise training (CT; mean age, 40.8±5.4 years; mean weight, 83.0±9.4 kg, n=12) groups. Combined training was performed 3 times weekly for 8 weeks. Anthropometric, metabolic parameters and plasma apelin, resistin, insulin, glucose levels and resistance insulin were measured at baseline and at the end of study. Within-group data were analyzed with the paired t test, and between-group effects were analyzed with the Repeated Measures ANOVA.
    Results
    After 8 weeks combined training, plasma apelin significantly increased, While plasma resistin, Insulin, glucose and insulin resistance significantly decreased (P
    Conclusion
    Our findings suggest that 8-week of combined training significantly influence plasma apelin, resistin, and significantly improved insulin resistance.
    Keywords: Apelin, Resistin, Insulin Resistance, Circuit, Based Exercise, Type 2 Diabetes
  • Hossein Nazari, Sajad Heydarpoor, Yazgaldi Nazari, Araz Nazari, Abuzar Mohammadimofrad* Pages 189-195
    Introduction
    Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) plays an important role in transmission of nerve impulses, plasticity, growth, and generally in the health of nervous system. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is involved in immune and inflammatory responses and is produced by immune cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, skeletal muscles, and fat tissues. The aim of this study was investigating the changes of IL-6 and BDNF serum concentration following acute plyometric training among inactive men.
    Methods
    This semi-experimental study was conducted at a gymnasium in Yasuj. A total of 18 inactive men voluntarily participated in the study and were randomly divided in two groups: experimental (n=9) and control group (n=9). Subjects in the acute exercise group performed plyometric trainings consist of scissor jump, lateral hop, box jump, diagonal hop, power skipping, and speed skipping. Subject's blood samples were taken before and after training in order to measurement IL-6 and BDNF levels. The levels of IL-6 and BDNF were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Between group differences and within group differences were analyzed through independent t-test and dependent t-test, respectively, using SPSS 16 software. The level of significance was considered P
    Results
    The levels of IL-6 after plyometric trainings significantly increased comparing with the control group, but significant changes wasn’t observed in BDNF concentrations.
    Conclusion
    Acute plyometric training did not have any effects on the serum level of BDNF as to the short period of training. However, the significant rise of IL-6 was attributed to the subject's lack of physical fitness.
    Keywords: IL, 6, BDNF, Plyometric Trainings
  • Seyedeh Arezoo Hossein, Mojtaba Tahmoorespur *, Mohammad Hadi Sekhavati, Mohammad Reza Nassiri Pages 197-204
    Introduction
    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that starts in lymphocytes. The main treatment for NHL is chemotherapy and radiation. Today immunotherapy is a promising therapeutic approach in the treatment of a variety cancers which is high specific unlike previous methods. Antibodies do not penetrate effectively into tumore tissues because of their large size. Whereas the small size of nanobodies (Camelid single-domain antibodies) allow them to efficiently enter into tissues and bind to the epitopes. Human CD20 over expression in the B-cell lymphoma makes this antigen as a validated target for immunotherapy. One major problem in production of full length CD20 is aggregation and misfolding. Therefore, production of a polypeptide is easer and favorable comparing to that of a full length transmembrane protein CD20.
    Methods
    The fragment consisting of human CD20 extra membrane loop and hinge and Fc of camelid IgG was constructed. Then it was facilitated by HindIII and XhoI restriction enzyme sites and fused to the 6× His tag for purifiction. The stop codon was engineered in the terminal sequence. The engineered coding sequence was synthesized by Generay Company and then inserted into the pcDNA3.1 () vector to obtain recombinant expression vector. The accuracy of ligation reaction was confirmed by colony PCR, sequencing and digestion.
    Results
    The colony PCR result showed 1132 kb fragment. The results of digestion and sequencing showed that the protein was what we had hoped to acquire.
    Conclusion
    We have obtained the recombinant expression vector inorder to express in mammalian cell which can be used to produce novel anti-human CD20 monoclonal antibody in future.
    Keywords: B, lymphocyte Antigen, Monoclonal Antibody, Non, Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Nasibeh Roozbeh, Fatemeh Nahidi *, Sepideh Hajian Pages 205-213
    Introduction
    Preconception care, provides intervention for women in reproductive age, regardless of status or pregnancy, to improve health of women, newborns and children. Compared to developed countries, the preconception care coverage is lower in the developing world, and usually the first referral of women to health cares is after pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to explanation barriers to utilization of preconception care services.
    Methods
    This study is a qualitative study. The participants in the study were pregnant women, midwives, women's health care provider and members of the Maternal Health Committee. Data were collected by using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews and focus group. To analyze the data, conventional content analysis was used.
    Results
    The average age of pregnant women was 32.1, Most of them were housewives with high school education. Most of the providers were midwives and had associate degree. Data analysis led to find 95 Initial code and 40 final code, which were divided into 13 sub categories and 3 concept categories. Concept categories included "organizational barriers", “organizational outside barriers ", and" personal barriers. Organizational barriers were related to healthcare systems. Organizational outside barriers were related to out of healthcare systems and personal barriers were related to woman and family.
    Conclusion
    This study reveals barriers to utilization of preconception care services. It seems that eliminating the obstacles, can increase preconception care coverage in the country.
    Keywords: Preconception Care, Pregnant Women, Pregnancy
  • Farkhonde Razmpoor, Parinaz Moshir *, Shahram Zare, Mohammad Bagher Rahmati Pages 215-220
    Introduction
    Childhood overweight and obesity is linked to obesity in adulthood and regarding the negative effects of obesity on physical and mental health, weight management in childhood is of a special importance. This study aims at analyzing the prevalence of overweight and obesity, based on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) new child growth standards, among primary school students in the Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Methods
    This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1500 (7-12 year old children) studying in primary schools of Bandar Abbas city. For collecting nutritional information of children and their families a questionnaire was used and their height, weight and waist circumference were measured by the educated trainers and finally children’s BMI was assessed.
    Results
    Out of a total of 1052 subjects, whose information were complete, 624 students (59.3%) were boys and 427 students (40.6%) were girls; 14.37% were malnourished (below 5 percentile), 58.24% were normal (between 5 and 85 percentiles) and 8.64% were overweight (between 85 and 95 percentiles) and 18.75% were obese (over 95 percentile).
    Conclusion
    Today children’s overweight and obesity have been doubled in contrast to a decade ago in Bandar Abbas city. However, implementation of more education programs regarding safe nutrition in children is recommended.
    Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, WHO
  • Parvin Farzanegi *, Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani, Mohammad Javad Rasaee, Sr Stannard Pages 221-230
    Introduction
    Many of effects of exercise are mediated through cytokines. Inflammatory cytokines are increased by exercise and inhibited by anti-inflammatory cytokines. Meanwhile, vaccination leads to an increase in the inflammatory cytokines. To test the hypothesis that exercise training might alter the cytokine response to the influenza vaccine, we measured selected cytokines in elite boy gymnasts and non-exercising subjects who were administered with the influenza vaccine and compared these against non-vaccinated gymnasts.
    Methods
    Forty five healthy 9- to 12- years old children (30 gymnasts and 15 untrained) were assigned to training group (TG), training-vaccine group (TVG) and vaccine group (VG). The exercise protocol consisted of a 3 hours gymnastic practice, 3 days per week, for 8 weeks. TVG and VG group were immunized with trivalent influenza vaccine in the 0(Pre), 4 and 8th weeks. Pre- vaccination, 4 and 8 week blood samples were obtained in all subjects. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and repeated measures tests. Significance level was accepted at P
    Results
    After the intervention, significant decreases in IL-6 and IFN-γ were observed in all the groups (P
    Conclusion
    The results demonstrate that gymnastic training and vaccine in healthy children lead to reduction in inflammatory cytokines. This might explain the immature immune system response in children to both vaccination and exercise training.
    Keywords: Influenza, Vaccination, Athletes, Cytokine, Exercise
  • Abdolreza Salahi, Moghadam, Iraj Moayedi, Hesamedin Banihashemi * Pages 231-234
    Introduction
    Dirofilariasis is an infection caused by filarial nematode which belongs to the Dirofilaria genus. This parasite is known as dog heart worm and human is aberrant host for it. Dirofilaria immitis is the main sample of Dirofilaria species which infects human.
    Case Report: In this rare case, we describe a 5-year-old boy who presented to general hospital and was infected to a immature worm. According to physical examination and ultrasonic imaging, diagnosis was based on incarcerated inguinal hernia and hydrocele. In the operating room, a worm was removed from spermatic cord.
    Conclusion
    This case indicates the necessity of appropriate epidemiological studies in enzootic areas.
    Keywords: Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilariasis, Urology
  • Golam Reza Sharifi, Sirchi *, Mokhtar Jalali, Javaran Pages 235-243
    In recent years, the number of recombinant proteins used for therapeutic applications and industry has increased dramatically. Recombinant proteins are produced in many host organisms (microbial, insect, plant and mammalian cells). There are many factors to consider when choosing the optimal system for protein expression and purification including the mass, purity or solubility of the recombinant protein, its number of disulphide bonds, the types of post-translational modifications desired, the destination of the expressed protein, the cost and simplicity of the recombinant protein production system and finally regulatory aspects in the case of pharmaceutical production. If a soluble, non-toxic protein needs to be produced, bacteria are the first choice. However, if a complex post-translational modification is required, eukaryotic cells have to be the expression host. E. coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammalian cell lines containing Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK), Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) and hybridoma cells are main host systems for production of most antibodies and proteins for diagnostic and therapeutic use. There is not general expression host system to act optimally for all recombinant proteins. Therefore, several expression host system must be experimentally evaluated for each recombinant protein.
    Keywords: Expression System, Host, Recombinant Proteins