فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:3 Issue: 12, 2017
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/10/30
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Kazuhiro Ohnishi Page 758
    This paper considers mixed duopoly games where a state-owned public firm and a foreign private firm compete in price. The public firm aims to maximize the un-weighted sum of consumer surplus and its own profit. The paper examines a desirable role (either leader or follower) of the public firm, an effect of eliminating the foreign firm and an endogenous role in price-setting mixed duopoly by adopting the observable delay game. Consequently, the paper shows that the unique equilibrium of price-setting international mixed competition is quite different from that of quantity-setting international mixed competition.
    Keywords: Price competition, endogenous timing, mixed market, foreign private firm
  • Evanson Mwangi Karanja, Kim Jackson Njeru, John Kimani Muhoho Page 764
    Mobile technology innovations have given businesses the rich of information access and the wider value chain reach. The case study was carried out at Sarit Centre Malls in Nairobi Kenya. The objectives of the case study included: to investigate how reducing cost of mobile technology affect demand for rental space in shopping malls; to establish how perceived usefulness of mobile technology affect demand for rental space in shopping malls; and to analyse how perceived ease of use of mobile technology affect demand for rental space in shopping malls. This case study adopted descriptive research design focusing on business managers from 126 businesses. A representative sample of 92 respondents was selected. The study also revealed that the usability aspects such as learnability, memorability of operating procedures that enhance human interaction in mobile technology has led to reduced demand for display and exhibition space in malls and over the counter transactions. The case study reveals further that lower information cost in mobile applications, invidualised perception of services has led to adoption of mobile transactions as a preferred means of business for previous mall customers. The study recommends that business owners in the physical malls can gain more value proposition if they offer virtual malls that can be accessed via mobile applications. There is also a need to integrate suitable mobile technology innovation in business models for competitive advantage.
    Keywords: Mobile innovations, disruptive innovation real estate, virtual malls, electronic commerce
  • Muhammad Shoaib, Bashir Ahmad Khilji, Zahoor Khan, Muhammad Shafiq Page 779
    This study has been conducted to find out the effect of exchange rate uncertainty on the export volume of Pakistan to its major trading partner countries. Volatility in the nominal exchange rate of Pakistan has been estimated through Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Hetroscedastic (GARCH) process. The findings showed that exchange rate uncertainty has negative significant impact on the volume of exports of Pakistan with all considered trading partner countries. In case of Hong Kong, Kuwait and Malaysia relative prices have negative significant effect on the volume of exports, while for the rest, trading partner countries the relationship is found positive and significant. It is further documented that political instability has significant negative impact on the volume of exports in almost all the trading partner countries. Exchange rate volatility curtails the volume of exports, so appropriate policies are required to be adopted, which will stabilize the exchange rate.
    Keywords: Exports, GARCH, GMM, Volatility
  • Ette Harrison Etuk, Eberechi Humphrey Amadi Page 797
    This work concerns itself with the intervention analysis of the British pound, GBP, and the United States dollar, USD.It has been observed that the GBP has fallen sharply after June 23, 2016 relative to the USD. It is being speculated that this is due to the recent exit of Great Britain from the European Union EU. A realization of the daily exchange rate series from 17th March to 12th September. 2016 is analyzed by ARIMA methods. The intervention point is June 23, 2016, after which there is a sharp fall in the relative value of the GBP. This fall is shown to be statistically significant. The pre-intervention series is observed to follow an ARIMA(1,1,0) model. Following the nature of this fall, an adequate intervention model has been proposed and fitted.
    Keywords: GBP, USD, exchange rates, ARIMA modeling, intervention analysis
  • Qaisar Iqbal, Siti Hasnah Hassan Page 806
    This research has examined moderating role of workplace spirituality with five traits of personality and counterproductive work behaviors. Researchers have growing trend to enhance understanding of workplace spirituality. Corporate environment has also realized significance of workplace spirituality. Self-structured questionnaire have been employed to collect data from employees of private commercial banks, operating in jurisdiction of Distt. Attock, Pakistan. Response rate in this study is 82%.Data was analyzed on the basis of moderating concept of Baron and Kenny (1986) in statistical software for social sciences. This study concludes that workplace spirituality has significant moderating impact over the association of openness, conscientiousness and agreeableness with counterproductive work behaviors.it has been also revealed that there is no relationship between extroversion and counterproductive work behaviors. Workplace spirituality has no moderating impact over association of neuroticism and extroversion with counterproductive work behaviors of employees. This study develops ways for management and practitioners to alleviate the effects of personality traits on counterproductive work behaviors and reduce the occurrences of counterproductive work behaviors. Ultimately it will improve organizational performance.
    Keywords: Spirituality at work, Big Five personality factors, work behavior, workplace spirituality
  • Qaisar Iqbal, Basheer Ahmad, Adeel Nasim Page 822
    This study explores moderating role of branch managers as gender on the service quality and customer’s loyalty in Private Banks of Pakistan. This study seeks additional insights through comparison of the strength of influence of gender as male and female. Data was collected using convenient sampling technique from 175 respondents of two large private banks through self-administered questionnaire. Statistical software package for social sciences was employed for data analysis Regression analysis and Andrew Hayes methodology of moderation has been used to analyze data. Response rate in this study was 87.50%.there is significant relationship of service quality with customer’s loyalty. Gender moderates the association of service quality and customer’s loyalty. But, impact of male gender is higher than female as moderator on relationship of service quality and customer’s loyalty. Male branch managers moderate the association of service quality and customer’s loyalty. There is non-significant impact of female branch managers on the relationship of service quality and customer’s loyalty. This study will help the management of banks to assess and improve level of service quality in retail banking in order to retain existing customers, grasp new customers and enhance their loyalty.
    Keywords: Manager, Service Quality, Customer's Loyalty, Retail Banking, Gender, Customer's Satisfaction
  • Qaisar Iqbal Page 837
    There is intense pressure over organizations to survive in the ever-changing world of competition. Human resource is a prime factor that has no alternative and substitute. Success of any organization is highly dependent upon quality of human resource. This study investigates inter play of job crafting , organizational commitment and moderating role of person-job fit in banking sector of Pakistan..200 questionnaires were floated at email addresses of employees working at branch level of bank. Response rate in this study is 84%.Regression analyses and Andrew Hayes Technique of moderation has been used to perform data analysis. There is significant impact of job crafting over organizational commitment of employees. Person-Job Fit is playing its role as moderator with job crafting and organizational commitment.it is of high significance that with increasing value of person-job fit, its moderating impact decreases.
    Keywords: Job Crafting, Person, Job Fit, Organizational Commitment, Banking