فهرست مطالب

Musculoskeletal Pain prevention - Volume:1 Issue: 4, 2017
  • Volume:1 Issue: 4, 2017
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/11/30
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Marjan Ghassemi, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Alireza Heydarnia Pages 143-147
    Background
    Sociodemographic characteristics of nurses who work in hospitals may impact on their quality of life. This study aimed to assess the relationship between quality of life of nursing staff with chronic nonspecific low back and their sociodemographic characteristics.
    Materials And Methods
    This study was a cross section study. A total of 119 nurses were participated in this study. The 36-item short-form health survey questionnaire (SF-36) was used to assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of the participants. SPSS software version18 was applied to analyze data by appropriate statistical tests.
    Results
    Totally 119 nurses including 93 female (78.1%) were participated in the study. The study showed that there was a significant relationship between age and physical function (P
    Conclusions
    The sociodemo graphic characteristics of nurses could be considered while their QOL are assessed.
    Keywords: Socio-Demographic characteristics, Quality of Life, Nursing staff, Chronic nonspecific low back pain
  • Rahele Khamooshi, Samaneh Mohammadi Mohammadieh, Nader Rahnama Rahnama, Faroogh Rostami Zalani Pages 149-156
    Background
    This study aimed to compare the effects of simultaneous eight-week stretching and strengthening trainings and exercises with core stability exercises on the flat foot deformity of female students with the age ranges from 9 to 13 years.
    Methods and Materials: In the present Quasi-experimental study on 130 female students, 60 girls with flat feet and the age ranges from 9 to 13,were selected randomly and divided into two experimental groups (n = 20 in each group) and one control group (n = 20). The samples were selected using Navi loss, and then Staheliarch index was evaluated. The experimental groups received the treatment(one group received stretching and strengthening exercises and the other group received core stability exercises for 45 minutes, three times a week) for 8 weeks, but the control group received no treatment and was engaged in daily routine activities. The data were analyzed through analysis of independent samples t-test at the significance level of P≤.05.
    Results
    Post-test of arch corrective exercises revealed a significant difference among the three groups so that the subjects of both the experimental groups, compared to the control group, had a significant decrease in the angle of the back nut side while the difference between the two experimental groups was not statistically significant (P
    Conclusions
    It seems that the eight-week correction training program with emphasis on compound exercises (core stability) as a non-invasive method had a good effect in the treatment of the female students suffering from flat foot deformity with the age ranges from 9 to 13 years.
    Keywords: Flatfoot, Corrective exercises, Core stability exercises, Navi loss
  • Hossien Izadirad, Gholamreza Masoudy, Mohammad Hossien Delshad, Mohammad Elhami, Mohammad Feaz, Mehdi Ali Ahmadi Pages 157-162
    Background
    In addition to individual problems and conditions, low back pain reduces working capacity, resulting in the waste of time and absence from the work, and increases healthcare costs and economic losses. This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of low back pain and its relationship to demographic factors, body mass index, and education in ergonomic principles in rural men.
    Methods and Materials: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Study population was consisted of215 men from the village of AqQala city. Data collection tool was Nordic questionnaire. Data were analysis using SPSS software version 19 and chi-square test and descriptive statistics.
    Results
    About 54.88% of the patients (67.82% workers and 40% farmers) during the last year have been experiencing discomfort in the lower back. χ2statistics analysis showed a significant relationship between low back pain and occupation, BMI, age, and education in ergonomic principles (P˂.05). There wasno relationship between low back pain and level of education (P=.085). Only 13% of the participants were trained in ergonomic principles.
    Conclusions
    Considering the high prevalence rate of low back pain as well as significant relationship between BMI and education in ergonomic principles with back pain, the need is felt for training of these people in how to lose weight, how to implement ergonomic principles in laboring and agricultural activities and carrying heavy objects, how to avoid bad work situations, how to maintain and care for the waist, how to perform simple exercises for strengthening and flexibility of lower back muscles.
    Keywords: Low back pain, Body mass index, Rural men
  • Azam Goodarzi, Aliakbar Torabi, Aarmeidokt Safari Kermakshahi Pages 163-167
    Background
    Sport and exercise therapy can be used for low back pain's prevention. This research was aimed to evaluate the level of functional disability, pain intensity difference between the two groups of patients with chronic low back pain.
    Methods
    this study was a cross-sectional-applied research conducted from December 2015 to March 2016 on the employed (N=50) and no employee people (N=40) suffering from chronic low back. Physical activity level and demographic properties in all subjects were measured by Baecke physical activity questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16.
    Results
    Totally, two groups employees (N=50) with an average age of 45.14 ± 0.85 years old and the non-employee (N=40) people with an average age of 45.42 ± 0.98 years old took part in the study. No significant difference was observed between both groups on such variables as age, weight, height (P > .05). Significant difference was observed between the mean body mass indexes between two groups so that among the employed group was more than the non-employed (p
    Conclusion
    This study revealed the different groups of people who have different jobs may be different due to physical activity.
    Keywords: Low back pain, Physical activity, Baecke physical activity questionnaire
  • Seyedeh Somayeh Kazemi, Mohammad Rafighi Pages 169-172
    Background
    Musculoskeletal disorders are one of difficulties in communities that has negative effect on various aspect of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal disorders in students.
    Materials And Methods
    In this study cross-sectional descriptive-analytic approach, 306 college students were enrolled by using no probability purposive sampling method and also availability. Data was obtained based on demographic data questionnaire and musculoskeletal researcher-made questionnaire. After collecting required data, SPSS software version 19 was used for descriptive and statistical analysis.
    Results
    According to the obtained results and symptoms associated with musculoskeletal pains, it should be noted that 93 cases suffered from low back pain (30.4%), 76 cases from knee pain (24.8%), 50 cases from shoulder pain (16.3%), 21 cases from heel pain (9.6%), 65 cases from neck pain(21.3%), 10 cases from pelvic pain (3.3%), 50 cases from wrist pain (16.3%), and 6 cases from elbow pain (2%).
    Conclusion
    The study showed that most students were suffering from musculoskeletal problems in the lower back, knees and neck. Therefore providing correct and sufficient training for the students while doing their daily activities could be of great help in the prevention and control of the musculoskeletal problems in the students.
    Keywords: MSD, Students, Dormitory
  • Rahman Panahi, Behnam Mohammadi, Seyedeh Somayeh Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Shamsi Nejad Geshti Pages 173-177
    Background
    Back pain is one of difficulties in communities that has negative effect on various aspect of life. The purpose of this study is to assess the aspects of life quality and its relationship with disability due to low back pain among students.
    Methods and Material: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 200 eligible students were enrolled through purposive available sampling. Data was obtained based on demographic data questionnaire, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and SF-36 inventory. All data were entered into SPSS version 19 and analyzed.
    Results
    Results of this study showed that 60.3 percent (114 people) of students were living with low back pain. Based on Roland-Morris disability questionnaire, 80 percent (91 people) of those with low back pain were suffered from disability. The chi-square test showed there was a significant relationship between quality of life (QOL) (mental health and social function) and disability due to low back pain,. It also was shown that indirect relationship between all aspects of QOL and disability due to low back pain was existed.
    Conclusion
    This study indicated low back pain could affect not only on student's physical aspects of quality of life but also psychological and social aspects of quality of life could be decreased. Considering these effects of low back pain among students, multidimensional interventions regarding bio- psychosocial dimensions recommended to improve the quality of life of this target group.
    Keywords: Back pain, Disability, University student, Quality of Life, SF-36
  • Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi *, Shohreh Shahmohammadi Pages 179-183
    Background

    Today, chronic low back pain is one of the growing worldwide problems, which caused in the reduction of individuals’ physical, mental, and social functions. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of training programs on functional disability in female patients with low back pain after 6month follow-up of the training intervention strategies.

    Materials And Methods

    This quasi-experimental study was carried out in rheumatology research center of Tehran University of Medical science. A total of 27 female patients suffering from low back pain participated in this study. All the participants were divided into groups of 6 to 8 members and provided with a 4-hour training session of physiotherapy and psychology, followed by telephone counseling after one and two months. In order to collect required data and evaluate females’ functional disability, two questionnaires were employed: Roland-Morris Disability Assessment Questionnaire (RDQ) and Quebec Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (QDS). The questionnaires were completed twice: one time at the beginning of the study, as the pretest, and the other time 6 months after the intervention, as the posttest. Data were analyzed using paired samples t-test in SPSS software version 16 with a significant level of P

    Results

    The results of the current study show that during the 6 months intervention program, the
    Physical disability was significantly improved in terms of two aforementioned scales.

    Conclusion

    It seems that training intervention program along with the follow-up and phone counseling have significant effects on improving physical function of patients with chronic low back pain.

    Keywords: Chronic Low Back Pain, Functional Disability, Training Programs, Roland, Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ), Quebec Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (QDS)