فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:3 Issue: 4, 2017
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1395/10/18
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
|
  • Kouchaki E., Rezaei S. *, Motaghi M Pages 151-155
    Aims: In general, nurses who work in department of psychiatric are in fact interacting with emotional disorders of patients once providing their care services. higher levels of job motivation and satisfaction can markedly foster service improvement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between anger and job motivation in nurses of a psychiatric hospital.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    In this cross-sectional descriptive research in 2014, all 50 psychiatry nurses working at Kargarnejad Hospital of Kashan City, Iran, were entirely studied. A demographical questionnaire, the Anger Multiple Scale and the Job Motivation Scale were used for data gathering. Data were analyzed by SPSS 19 software using Pearson correlation coefficient.
    Findings: The mean score of anger was 3.01±0.36 and of job motivation was 1.70±0.86. There was a significant relationship between job motivation and the number of family members and conditions of employment of nurses (p=0.001). There was a significant inverse relationship between scores of anger and job motivation of psychiatry nurses of the hospital (r=-0.712; p=0.001).
    Conclusion
    There is a relationship between anger and job motivation in nurses of Kashan Psychiatric hospital.
    Keywords: Anger, Job Motivation, Psychiatry, Nurse
  • Mashkoori A.R., Asadi S., Yari A.R., Allahdadi Z., Gharlipour Z., Koohpaei A.R.* Pages 157-162
    Aims: Work proper lighting means a safe, healthy and comfort conditions for work under a lighting system that includes qualitative and quantitative features. This study aimed to evaluate the surface local lighting of works and eye fatigue among research and development staffs of an automotive industry.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    In this descriptive study in Research and Development Department of an automotive industry in 2015, 126 official staffs were selected randomly. A demographic questionnaire and the Visual Fatigue Questionnaire (Persian Version) were used for data gathering. Hagner EC1 Luxmeter was used to measure the local lighting. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software, through descriptive statistics.
    Findings: The lighting in 382 stations (75.8%) was improper and less than standard. The minimum and maximum intensity of light was between 22.4lux in station 2 (inventory department) and 581lux in station 4 (systems and methods department). The overall intensity in more than 50% units, except the Systems and Methods Department, were less than the standard (300lux). 40.4% of the participants had severe eye fatigue, 28.6% had moderate visual fatigue, 28.6% had low visual fatigue and only 2.4% had no visual fatigue. The average of visual fatigue was 3.50±1.97.
    Conclusion
    The workplace lighting and the eye fatigue of computer users in the Research and Development Department of the studied automotive industry are not in an acceptable condition.
    Keywords: Eyestrain, Lighting, Workplace
  • Abdolazimi A., Gandomkar A. *, Ghias M Pages 179-183
    Aims: Air is the combination of atmospheric components or physical conditions of the current atmosphere in a certain place and a certain time. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between weather components, air atmospheric pollutants and the number of individuals that were hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases in polluted days.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    In this descriptive study during 2010 to 2013, the weather parameters in ground and upper levels of Isfahan City, Iran, weather stations were studied and air quality data were collected from 11 different points of the city. The number of cardiovascular patient that were hospitalized was determined by collecting the data of medical record department of 3 hospitals of Isfahan City, Iran; Shahid Chamran, Al-Zahra, and Ali-Asghar. Data were analyzed by SPSS 19 software using Pearson correlation.
    Findings: There were significant correlations between the number of hospitalizations and minimum temperature (r=0.943; p=0.0001), maximum temperature (r=0.973; p=0.0001), average temperature (r=-0.069; p=0.013), rainfall (r=-0.326; p=0.0001), humidity (r=-0.326; p=0.0001), air pressure (r=0.257; p=0.0001), and wind speed (r=-0.011; p=0.021). There was a significant difference between the average numbers of hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases according to the range of AQI. Regarding the air pollutant parameters, the only significant relation was observed for PM10 (p=0.004) and other factors showed no significant relation (p
    Conclusion
    The number of hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases is just affected by the PM10 factor of air pollution.
    Keywords: Climate, Air Pollution, Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Momen Heravi M., Vakili Z. *, Telkabadi Z., Soleimani Z Pages 185-188
    Aims: Needle stick accidents are a serious health risk for blood-borne infections among health care workers. This study was conducted to evaluate the frequency of needle stick injuries in health care workers and its related factors.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    This cross-sectional study was carried on HCWs of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan City, Iran (270 individuals), from September 2013 to March 2014. Due to the low number of samples, all those who had the experience of needle stick injuries and confirmed to participate were entered to the study. A researcher-made questionnaire with 20 questions was used. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software using descriptive statistics.
    Findings: The most injuries of needle sticks (75.2%) were superficial and the most common device for NSIs was the needle of syringe (51.8%). Blood sampling was the most common activity during NSIs (28.4%). The most common contamination was blood and its products (69.5%). 61 participants (43.3%) used gloves during NSIs. 118 participants (83.7%) were vaccinated completely against hepatitis B, and 19 participants (13.5%) had incomplete HBV vaccination. 4 participants (2.8%) had no history of vaccination against hepatitis B.
    Conclusion
    Needle stick injuries among health care workers of Kashan Hospital are relatively high.
    Keywords: Needlestick Injuries, Health Personnel, Nurses
  • Nourbakhsh F. * Pages 189-194
    Aims: The internal unit and ICU of hospitals are a suitable environment for growing of bacteria such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas and Acinetobacters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using disinfectants on bacterial remove in Isfahan City, Iran, hospitals.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    This descriptive study was performed in Isfahan City, Iran, hospitals in 2015. 200 samples were taken from random locations of the hospitals. Sampling was carried out at the end of the business day and before disinfecting the surfaces with sterile cotton swabs moistened by sterile saline. After identification of bacteria, the numbers of bacterial colonies were counted before disinfection in 1ml (CFU/ml).
    Findings: The highest isolates were detected from emergency unit before disinfection included Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Proteus spp., Klebsiella spp., Acinetobacter spp., and Enterobacter spp. 255 cases of bacteria were found at 27 positive samples. The most common isolated bacteria after disinfection were Staphylococcus epidermidis (76 cases), E. coli (42 cases) and Micrococcus luteus (39 cases).
    Conclusion
    The disinfecting process of Isfahan Hospitals is effective in removing bacterial infections.
    Keywords: Hospitals, Disinfectants, Gram, Negative Bacterial Infections, Gram, Positive Bacterial Infections
  • Atamaleki A., Mostafaii Gh.R. *, Miranzadeh M.B., Iranshahi L., Akbari H., Safari H Pages 201-205
    Aims: Sludge is an inescapable component of all wastewaters that originated from their treatment. dissolved air flotation (DAF) process as an alternative clarifier is used in treatment of drinking water, pretreatment of wastewater, and as a phase separator in sludge activation processes. This study aimed to calibrated the usage of DAF process in a laboratory scale and under various conditions, to achieve the optimum efficiency in recycling the activated sludge.
    Instrument &
    Methods
    In this experimental study, of Kashan''s Shahid Beheshti hospital and immediately transported to the laboratory. The optimal dose of polyaluminum chloride coagulant and pH was determined and then applied in DAF process. Finally turbidity, electrical conductivity (EC) and total solids (TS) parameters were measured and compared with control sample.
    Findings: The optimal pH and optimal dose of coagulant were 6.5 and 25mg/l, respectively. Also Optimal process efficiency to reduce EC, TS and turbidity parameters were 23.4, 44.5 and 88%, respectively.
    Conclusion
    Dissolved air flotation process removes the turbidity, EC and TS effectively; however, it has minimal impact on EC and TS.
    Keywords: Dissolved Air Flotation, Hospitals, Recycling, Sludge