فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:4 Issue: 3, 2017
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/01/08
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
|
  • Adeola Ajayi, Bolanle Waliu Shiyanbade, Olaniyi Adewale Ajayi, Dorcas Opeyemi Olodude, Ayodeji John Olowoporoku Page 200
    This study examined the influence of personality traits, and work commitment on Job performance of public secondary school teachers in Oyo South Senatorial District of Oyo State, Nigeria. It also assessed the level of job performance of public secondary school teachers and investigated the combined influence of personality traits and work commitment on Job performance of these teachers with a view to improving their job performance level in the senatorial district and Oyo State in general. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The sample for this study consisted of 15 principals, 75 HODs, and 300 class teachers in the senatorial district. Five local government councils were selected from nine local government councils in Oyo South senatorial district using simple random sampling technique. Frequency counts, simple percentages, chi-square, and one-way ANOVA statistics were employed to analyze the data. The hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that 15.7%, 67.9% and 16.4% of public secondary school teachers in the senatorial district demonstrated low, moderate, and high levels of job performance respectively. Also, 72.1% of the teachers had a moderate level of work commitment, 1.7% had a high level while 11.7% had a low level of work commitment. The results further showed that there was no significant influence of personality traits on teacher’s job performance (X2 = 6.730, df = 8, p = 566). It was established that there was significant influence of personality traits on the job performance of teachers (X2 = 49.942, df = 4, p = .00). Moreover, the result showed that the combination of personality traits and work commitment will significantly influence the job performance of the teachers (F = 541.158, P > 0.05). The study concluded that work commitment had the greater influence on the job performance than personality traits.
    Keywords: Influence, Job performance, Personality praits, Teachers, Work pommitment
  • Mohammad Ali Forghani, Ali Tavasoli Page 218
    The objective of this research is to study the relationship between knowledge management dimensions and organizational performance in lean manufacturing. In this regard, five research hypotheses were tested. Research statistical population included staffs of Mes-E- Sarcheshmeh Company. 194 individuals of research samples were selected through simple random sampling method. Research data were collected through knowledge management standard questionnaire and researcher made organizational performance questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS19 software; further, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Pearson correlation test were also used. Research results indicated that there is a significant relationship between knowledge management dimensions and organizational performance in lean manufacturing.
    Keywords: Knowledge management, knowledge management dimensions, organizational performance, lean production
  • Mostafa Rezaei Bahrabad, Sahel Farrokhian Page 226
    This research is conducted to study the effect of personality on purchase decision of domestic and foreign consumers in order to predict the consumer’s purchase decision. This is a survey studied the relationship between variables through statistical tests and structural equations method. Data were collected by the standard questionnaire of ‘measuring the behavior of buyers and consumers’ including 36 items; the questionnaire validity and reliability was verified. Research variables are the standard questionnaire items in two questionnaires and 9 classes of variables. Research statistical population included all buyers visiting Proma Hypermarket and Padide shopping center in Mashhad in 2015. The research used a two-stage cluster sampling method. 280 buyers visiting the shopping centers were systematically and randomly selected as research sample at the given time period. Results of structural equations showed that components of Ethnocentrism, dogmatism, social character, uniqueness, personal innovativeness, compatibility, detachedness, and hegemonism significantly contribute in purchase decision model; while, dogmatism are insignificant.
    Keywords: Personality characteristics, purchase behavior, New Freud's Theories, behavioral theory, structural equations, Mashhad City
  • Aram Sepehrivand, Mohammad Ebrahimi Page 238
    As a socioeconomic index, inequality in distribution of income and wealth is considered as a marginally sensitive political variable that is simultaneously highly prone to being affected by political structures. On this basis, the recent process of democratization has yielded in occurrence of a series of economic evolutions among which, the most disputed one is redistribution of income and inequality of the former and wealth. The objective of the present research is to investigate and compare the relation between democracy and distribution of income in a selection of member countries of OECD and those of The Islamic Conference between 2001 and 2014. The econometric method used in this research is panel data regression. Results indicate that democracy has a significant impact on GINI coefficient among member countries of OECD and The Islamic Conference. In terms of reduction GINI coefficient, democracy has a greater impact on member countries of OECD compared to those of The Islamic Conference. This shows that compared to member countries of The Islamic Conference, member countries of OECD are more sensitive to democracy. In other words in such societies the right for having a voice expands to the lower classes and economic decision makings are removed from the mere dominance of the few wealthy. In this case, the voters are those who belong to classes of lower incomes and respectively, the tax rate that determines the amount of redistribution and is obtained through polling, increases and resultantly redistribution increases. This is followed by improved living conditions among the poor and the needy people.
    Keywords: Distribution of income, GINI coefficient, democracy, member countries of OECD, member countries of The Islamic Conference
  • Mohammad Reza Karimi, Mohammad Reza Abdoli, Mehdi Eskandari Page 252
    Capital structure discusses the composition of company financing sources including short-term debts, bonds, long-term debt, preferred stock, and common stock. Some firms define no predetermined plan for capital structure; rather, the capital structure is determined respecting to financial decisions taken by financial management lacking any specific plan. Despite these firms may succeed in short-term, finally they face major problems for required financing activities. The main objective of the present research is to study the relationship between ownership structure and debt cost focusing on the role of financial crisis in companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange within 2011-2015 (a five-year period). The results show that there is no significant relationship between the type of ownership and debt cost; in addition, financial crisis may not mediate the relationship between ownership and debt cost. On the other hand, the results also indicate that there is no significant relationship between the proportion of institutional owners and debt cost; further, financial crisis shows no mediating role.
    Keywords: Ownership structure, debt cost, financial crisis, institutional ownership
  • Mehdi Nedaei, Shahram Begzadeh Page 270
    Empowering employees of an organization to achieve pre-determined objectives of the organization is of crucial factors of the success of any organization. Employee empowerment is the most important effort of servant mangers to increase organizational trust, innovation, decentralization, and removing bureaucracy in organizations. Thus, the present study is conducted with the aim of "examining the relationship between servant leadership with organizational trust and employee empowerment in Social Security Organization of Ardabil," which is applied in terms of purpose, in terms of method, it is quantitative, and terms of execution, it is a field study. Study population consisted of employees of Social Security Organization of Ardabil (SSOA) totaled 257 people, of whom the sample was estimated as 155 using Cochran's formula. The sampling method was stratified random sampling. The results obtained using Pearson correlation test show that there is a significant relationship between servant leadership with organizational trust and organizational empowerment of employees of Social Security Organization of Ardabil. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between serving of leader, humility of leader, trustworthiness and kindness leader with organizational trust and empowering employees in the Social Security Organization of Ardabil.
    Keywords: Servant Leadership, Organizational Trust, Employee Empowerment
  • Kelechi Enyinna Ugwu, Halida E. Osisioma Page 282
    This study investigates the extent of the relationship between Talent Management and Performance of Selected Commercial Banks in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted and primary data was collected through a questionnaire. The target population of the study includes the members of staff of Access Bank and Fidelity Bank Plc, Owerri, Nigeria, with staff strength of 100 and 83 respectively, giving a total population size of one hundred and eighty (183). Also, the research hypothesis was tested using Multiple Regression with the aid of SPSS package. The result of hypothesis which stated that, there is no significant relationship between Talent Management (employee personal attributes) and Organization Performance (competitiveness) was rejected at 5% level of significance. The result therefore established that, there is a significant relationship between Talent Management and Organizational Performance. This study recommends that organizations should assist employees in the process of Talent Development programmes by adopting a work-based learning programme and technique as the best and the most effective in improving employee incompetency and performance. Again, Organization should create opportunities for manpower training so as to give every employee equal opportunity for career growth and development.
    Keywords: Talent Management, Recruitment, Human Capital, Selection, Organizational Performance