فهرست مطالب

پژوهش های جامعه شناختی - سال دهم شماره 4 (زمستان 1395)
  • سال دهم شماره 4 (زمستان 1395)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/01/18
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Eisa Charati *, Seyed Ali Hashemianfar Page 7
    This essay discusses the impact of social factors influencing the emergence of differences in the values of young people and parents in the city of Sari deals . The theoretical framework is the theory of the social system in the form of action is Talcott Parsons. A young age, according to criteria provided by the Youth Unit of the United Nations depends on the age group 15 to 24 years was chosen. The sample size, according to Cochran formula, 266 people were chosen with stratified and systematic random manner and were completed using the software Amos, statistical analysis was performed. Finally, the four hypotheses examined using structural equation theoretical model proposed and analyzed. According to the estimation, economic character value difference between youth and their parents failed to predict the political, social and cultural character significantly different from the predicted value.
    Keywords: Social factors, values, younger, generation gap, structural equation
  • Seyed Ahmad Yasini, Masoumeh Motlaq* Page 25
    We live in a world which is changing time to time and the depth and effect of this changing is too high that is creating a new community. One of the sign of this new community is globalization which is one of the common worlds in these days. Globalization with its domain effect on all parts of culture and social science of the nations and as effective and dominative phenomena is the result of construction of vernacular and traditions and national that involves the identity of the communities with a big challenge. Among these phenomena in the global dialogues is the management of human body and its fitness. This is developing between nation by the new technology and mass media and because one of the scales for evaluating the women in societies is their beauty, so to be interested by others they are going to the managing of their body. Iranian society as a changing country is under the deep effect of these phenomena. This research is going to study the relationship between globalization and body management. At first we looked at the previous works and then with regards to sociology on body, some these (Gofman,Terner, Budriar ) and Gidz' view on globalization is in consideration. This study is based on measurement and documentary method with the use of questioner. The population is the female students at Golpayegan Payame Noor University. The sample is stratified and the number of sample based on Cochran formula is 334 people. It should be mentioned that the globalization variable is the independent variable and included information and communication technology, consumption-driven, modernity and individualization. Modernity and individualization have positive relationship with body management and finally the result of this paper shows that there is a meaningful relationship between globalization and body management.
    Keywords: body management, globalization, consumption-driven, information, communication technology (ICT)
  • Mohammad Ashineh *, Mehrdad Navabakhsh Page 43
    Marriage and divorce are two essential incidents that have mutually large impacts on demographic, social, economic and cultural influence. Since the impact of economic factors on marriage and divorce for various reasons every day becomes more apparent, this study tries to evaluate the impact of macroeconomic factors on inflation as marriage and divorce, which is conducted by descriptive method. The data from the statistics of ten years (2005 to 2015) is extracted from Central Bank and National Organization for Civil Registration and the entire country. The results suggest that the relationship between number of divorces, marriages, the proportion of divorces and marriages with the average rate of inflation, is confirmed. The results of this research at a time when the economy is suffering from chronic inflation, the number of marriages drop and divorces rise. The statistical analysis show 85.8 percent correlation between inflation rate and divorce. The relationships between an average inflation rate and divorce is positive and direct. This means that the more the value of the average rate of inflation is, the more the number of divorces. B coefficient show the inflation rate if a unit is added or subtracted to the amount of 21 thousand 158 cases of divorce increases or decreases .
    Keywords: Divorce, marriage, divorce than marriage, inflation
  • Safye Khodayari Motlagh*, Mahmoud Sharepour, Novin Tavallai Page 65
    Right to the City, is a human right includes the city belonging to the citizens and their participation in the citizenship tasks. Allocate this right into the framework of human rights instead of civil rights is the sense that every person- regardless of gender, age, race and sociocultural characteristics- simply because of human beings deserve to benefit from this right. Goal of this study, is to consider the effect of urban space utility indicators on the realization of the right to the city. For this purpose the Lefebvre's theory was used as a base framework. Methodology of this survey is questionnaire technique that was used with a sample size of 305 participant. Results of multivariate regression analysis showed that the partnership in city indicator with standardized Coefficients (Beta) 21%, allocation indicator 18%, and urban space quality desirability indicators (psychological 19%, social 16%), have the most contribution in predicting the dependent variable of the realization of the right to the city.
    Keywords: Utility index of urban space, the realization of the right to the city, Allocation, Participation in the city, Henri Lefebvre
  • Soroush Fathi, Maryam Imani * Page 91
    The important goal of this paper is evaluating the women clothing and life style. The real goal of this paper is explaining types of women’s clothing in social environments and life style. Hypotheses of this paper include survey relationship between each of variable body management, rate of cultural activities, and rate of leisure activities with women’s clothing. The study of the application of the method to collect data from a descriptive point of view how to run the survey and with standardized questionnaires, a quota sampling method as is. Statistical population of this research includes all female students at Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch. Sample volume was estimated for 300 persons by the use of a Cochran formula . According to the results there is a significant relation between life style with clothing women’s .
    Keywords: Life style, women's clothing, body management, rate of cultural activities, rate of leisure activities
  • Mehraban Parsamehr *, Vahid Asghari Page 109
    The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between organizational climate with the spirit of entrepreneurship among high school students in public and non-profit schools in city of Yazd. To collect the data, organizational climate (OCDQ) Halpyn and Kraft (1963) and entrepreneurial spirit of self-made questionnaire based on the theory Mac Klnd (1963) and Brockhaus (1980) are used. The validity content validity and reliability of the method by means of internal coherence, with Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.74) is used. The average entrepreneurial spirit and professional students the theoretical and technical branches there are significant differences. According to two independent samples t test result is a significant difference between public schools and non-profit entrepreneurial spirit in both groups was observed. Stepwise regression analysis showed that four variables group spirit, sincerity, interest and consideration, a total of 0.38 percent of the variance criterion (entrepreneurial) explain.
    Keywords: organizational climate, school climate, entrepreneurial spirit, students, Yazd city
  • Mohammad Sadegh Mahdavi, Abolfal Hajizadegan *, Ladan Ahmadiyan Heravi Page 127
    This Study is paid to role of television as a mass medium in the lives downstairs Iranian society and its impact on the political attitude formation and changes them. To avoid getting caught in the trap of reductionism, we tried considered in this study, media influence on political attitudes of community members, along with other social factors. In this regard, the independent variables of the study, the control variables related to media (such as television viewing time, a variety of TV channels) are both control environmental variables (including the satisfaction of economic, education). However, given that TV channels, all with political ads are not identical, these channels into three groups of channels, internal, satellite channels, political, and satellite channels Entertainment division and how to influence the audience of each of the three groups studied , and eventually were compared. The study population is the city of Varamin. The main reason for this is that the city Qarchak city, one of the most immigrants city in Iran, and therefore has enormous cultural diversity.
    Keywords: mass media, TV, Advertising, Low social class, political attitudes
  • Mohammad Ali Armand*, Nahid Moradi, Fereshteh Norouzi Page 143
    Marriage and divorce indirectly lead to changes in population size. With a marriage fertility heightens and with a divorce a number of people that can become fertile are outside the orbit of fertility. The aim of this study is to investigate trends in marriage and divorce in Kurdistan province during 2006-2015. The research method is analytical. The statistical population is the number of marriages and divorces registered in Kurdistan. The results indicate that in urban areas, the rural and the whole province, marriage, divorce and marriage to divorce ratio has surged. Marriage, divorce and the ratio in the urban areas, rural areas of the province for the years 2006-2015 have decreased but only slightly increased between 2011 and 2012 and then decline has begun again.
    Keywords: Divorce, marriage, the divorce, the marriage to divorce ratio, Kurdistan