فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:27 Issue:1, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/08/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 5
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  • Shirin Karami Keshmarzi, Mehdi Gheitasi*, Hadi Miri Pages 8-16
    Background and Aim
    The knee joint is most common of region for injury and musculoskeletal disorders in lower extremity. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is as a common cause of knee pain in subjects. The purpose of present study was to assess the effect of core stabilization exercises on pain, functional disability andstrength of muscles of thelower Extremity and trunk in females with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
    Materials and Methods
    Subjects in this study were 20 female with patellofemoral pain syndrome participated. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups. 10 Subjects in the experimental group (age 32.13±1.95 yr, height 169.00±7.59 cm, weight 65.50±6.80 kg) and 10 Subjects in the control group (age 31.25±1.58 yr, height 170.00±7.46 cm, weight 67.50±14.39 kg) participated in this study. Then experimental group performed exercises for 6 weeks. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) questioners were used to measure rate of functional disability and pain pre and post six weeks in both groups. also was used the dynamometer for measure isometric strength pre and post six weeks. Data using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t test to compare scores at pre-test and post hoc t test to compare pre- and post-test scores) were analyzed.
    Results
    The results showed that Core stabilization exercises has a significant effect on pain reduction in experimental compared with control group (p= 0.003). The mean score of disability test also showed significant improvement in experimental compared with control group (p= 0.001). Also, the results showed that Isometric strenghtening trunk flexor (p= 0.005) and extensor (p= 0.036), hip flexor (p= 0.001) and extensor (p= 0.001), hip abductor (p= 0.001) external rotator (p= 0.019), knee flexor (p= 0.001) and extensor muscles (p= 0.001) improved significantly compared with control group.
    Conclusion
    According to results of this study, core stabilization exercises can reduce pain and improved disability and muscles isometric strength in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
    Keywords: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, Core stabilization exercise, Pain, Functional disability, Isometric Strength
  • Sepideh Nasrollah*, Mahboubeh Safavi, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Mohammad Hossein Salehi Surmaqi Pages 17-23
    Background and Aim
    Restless Legs Syndrome is one of the symptoms of chronic renal insufficiency. It is described as the discomfort and vague feelings in the patient’s legs. There is no drug to treat restless legs syndrome, but in traditional medicine, Hypericum Perforatum has been recommended. Hypiran drop from the plant is provided. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of hypericum drop on restless legs syndrome in hemodialysis patients referred to selected hospitals of Tehran.
    Materials and Methods
    This was a clinical trial. 180 dialyses patients referred to hospitals in Tehran participated. The samples were randomly allocated into the two groups. The patients in intervention and control groups received hypericum drop and placebo respectively. Data was gathered by questionnaire (questions related to demographic information and questions related to diagnostic criteria and severity of restless legs syndrome). The data was analyzed using Mantel-Haenszel Test.
    Findings
    The results showed that most of the subjects had severe restless legs syndrome, but after the intervention, the severity was reduced to moderate. The difference was statistically significant. In the control group, the severity of restless leg syndrome did not change between two measurements. As a result, there was a significant difference between the two groups.
    Conclusion
    According to the results, it is necessary that dialysis ward’s nurses pay more attention to this problem and in providing information and education to patients with this syndrome.Keywords:Restless Legs Syndrome; Hypericum; Dialysis
    Keywords: Restless Legs Syndrome, Hypericum, Dialysis
  • Meysam Behzadifar, Nayeb Ali Ahmadi, Shadi Abdi, Qobad Bahamin, Bidel Z, Shabnam Shokouhi, Ali Delpisheh* Pages 24-31
    Background and aim
    With regard to the specific mental and physical health situation of veterans, their wives are dealing with peculiar stresses. The aim of the present study was to determine factors affecting on psychological health status of veteran’s spouses in Ilam city.
    Materials and Methods
    This was a cross-sectional study. 111 veteran’s spouses of Ilam city were selected by random sampling in 2012. The veterans should have at least 25 percent injury. Data collection tools were general and economic forms and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Data were analyzed with SPSS version 16 and using the t-test, Pearson correlation, logistic and multivariate regression.
    Findings
    The mean of mental health score was 28.55 ± 14.63. The average mental health scores of cases with monthly income of 3000000-5999999, 6000000-8999999 and 9000000 Rial and more were 0.65, and 1.23 and 2.01 times of the group with income less than 3000000 Rial, respectively. Also, mental health in groups with education of secondary school, high school and college were 0.88, 1.77 and 2.87 times of the group with primary school education, respectively. The mental health has statistically significant correlation with both income and education (p<0.01). Age and social dysfunction had a direct and significant correlation with mental health (p=0.01 and r=0.3).
    Conclusion
    Regular monitoring of mental health for veteran’s spouses is necessary. With respect to the type and percentage of injury, promotion of education levels and effective financial supports to families of veterans are essential steps to improve mental health indicators in the veteran’s spouses.Keywords:Mental health; Veterans; Factors
    Keywords: Mental health, Veterans, Factors
  • Azadeh Rahimi Roozbahani, Marzyeh Hassanpour, Zahra Daneshvar Ameri*, Hadi Ranjbar Pages 32-39
    Background and Aim
    Individual skills and psychological characteristics of nurses may affect their efficiency and working quality. In this study, the relationship between emotional intelligence and nurses’ performance during endotracheal suctioning in neonatal intensive care units was assessed.
    Materials and methods
    This was a correlation-descriptive study which was conducted on 67 nurses working in neonatal intensive care units of Tehran Medical Sciences university hospitals in 2016. The data was collected with a check-list and Bradberry-Greaves emotional intelligence questionnaire. Convenience sampling method was used and all nurses who had inclusion criteria were included. Suction performance checklist. The mean and SD scores of performance and emotional intelligence were 17.12+2.32 and 80.22+13.04 respectively. Pearson correlation did not show significant relationship between two variables (9=0.551, r=0.074). The Performance scores were related with work experience of nurses (p<0.05). The emotional intelligence and work history were not correlated (p>0.05).
    Conclusion
    The results of current study showed no significant relationship between performance and emotional intelligence in a specific procedure of nurses. Since other studies showed positive relationship between emotional intelligence and performance, we recommend more studies with different questionnaires and more samples in their studies.Keywords:Emotional intelligence; Performance at Work; Suctioning
    Keywords: Emotional intelligence, Performance at Work, Suctioning
  • Azita Pourshirvani*, Jila Abed Saieedi, Niloofar Nekozad, Mitra Zandi Pages 39-52
    Background and Aim
    Interventions to support stroke care givers by providing education and Training in skills essential for the day to day management of disabled stroke survivors have shown a little impact in reducing the burden of care but there are many recommended to use a more effective skill. We evaluated the effectiveness of caregiver training by Continuous Care Model to increasing patient’s functional squeal and improving patient and caregiver outcomes.
    Materials and Methods
    This research was a quazi-experimental study. A total number of 90 cases were equally divided into two groups. Continuous Care Model training was applied to the caregiver in the experimental group until ten weeks after discharge. In the same time, the control group was treated based on routine protocol. Main outcome was measured for patients, by Functional Independence Measure, which measures patient’s functional status. Recovery was quantified by the changes in the Functional Independence Measure total scores. Caregiver demographic and care home checklist for Caregiver, was completed by the researcher too.
    Finding
    Although Wilcoxon test showed significant differences in the mean scores of Functional Independence Measure (p<0/001) in each group, We used the Mann-Whitney test to compare differences in mean of changes Functional Independence Measure between two groups after intervention and it showed changes in experimental group (P<0/001) was more than control group.
    Conclusion
    Training care givers by Continuous Care Model can improve functional recovery, and activities of daily living of stroke patients.Keywords:Home care; Caregivers, Activities of Daily Living; Stroke; Patients
    Keywords: Home care, Caregivers, Activities of Daily Living, Stroke, Patients