فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:4 Issue: 8, 2017
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/06/29
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Rana Muhammad Ahmar Habib, Rashad Yazdanifard Page 796
    This article is aimed to discuss and analyse Xerox Corporation and its core competencies. The research study will be focusing on the historical background and the era of success and downfall of the organization. In addition, several management models are also applied in this article in order to examine the competitive advantage of the organization and its strategies to sustain in the competitive market. The strategic problems faced by organization and its consequences are discussed in this article and in order to manage those issues and problems, different recommendations are also provided by the research study based on the past cases and secondary data. The paper suggests that Xerox should focus on the stretching of its brand name by diversifying into related fields in order to compete with competitors at multiple levels in the market. It is recommended that the organization should focus on certain departments like marketing as equal as it is focusing on research and development. The research has examined the strategies and major strategic making decision making of the organization in the past and its effect on the current state of the organization. The research study hopes that the discoveries and analysis helps for future studies in the related aspects.
    Keywords: Strategic management, Customer value, Core competency, Strategy making
  • Donya Maleki, Elahe Sarfi Page 811
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the disclosures of social responsibility in the population of accepted companies (without financial crisis and with financial crisis) in Tehran Stock Exchange on management of earnings accruals. The research hypothesis was analyzed by using the data of 74 companies during the period of 2010 to 2014 through multiple linear regressions using Eviews 7 analysis software. The research findings briefly show that "there is a positive correlation between social responsibility and management of earnings accruals in companies without a financial crisis compared to companies with a financial crisis. As a result, companies that have a high social responsibility orientation tend to accrue earnings management.
    Keywords: Iran Stock Exchange, Social Responsibility, Management of Accruals Earnings
  • Gilbert Uwonda, George Okeny, Judith Awacorach Page 821
    Partnership building is a popular and sometimes required approach for addressing complex and systemic societal issues that cannot be comprehensively addressed by any single person, organization, or sector. The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of partnership management on the performance of projects among nongovernmental organizations in Uganda. The study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature where data was collected through self-administered questionnaire and face-to-face interviews. The data collected was analyzed using custom tables. Correlation analysis was used to establish the relationship between partnership management and project performance. The study established that Planning was generally fairly done especially human resource planning but the partners could not freely make decisions. There was adequate coordination within the consortium as evident in the frequency of review meetings, clarity on reporting line and efficiency of communication but the failure of organization heads to attend coordination meetings, as required, affected implementation of action points. The study recommends that there should be respect and trust in the partnership such that Partners are allowed to make decisions freely. Action points from meetings should be followed up to ensure implementation by members of the consortium. The data collected was analyzed using custom tables. Correlation analysis was used to establish the relationship between partnership management and project performance. The study established that Planning was generally fairly done especially human resource planning but the partners could not freely make decisions. There was adequate coordination within the consortium as evident in the frequency of review meetings, clarity on reporting line and efficiency of communication but the failure of organization heads to attend coordination meetings, as required, affected implementation of action points. The study recommends that there should be respect and trust in the partnership such that Partners are allowed to make decisions freely. Action points from meetings should be followed up to ensure implementation by members of the consortium.
    Keywords: Partnership Management, Project Performance, Non-Governmental Organization
  • Nader Naghshbandi, Vineet Chouhan, Shubham Goswami Page 842
    Humans are having unlimited potential for growth and development which is measured in an organisation under Performance appraisal System (PAS). PAS is the process of analyzing and recording information about the relative worth of an employee, that is a two way communication process. It involves an active communication between employee and supervisor about performance. PAS can be measured by a system of evaluation but since there is no unanimous system exists the companies are using any one or their own system. Their system of PAS may be older one and sometime unable to measures the performance of the employees. Hence in this paper a company CCI is selected which has given the time and information to analyse their system and an improved system made by the researchers already were also used by taking a census survey of all employees of the company. To test the hypothesis independent sample t test was used with SPSS-19 software. It was found that the company’s current PA system has some hidden difficulties and the new system is able to measure the employees potential in well manner.
    Keywords: Performance Appraisal System (PAS), CCI, human resource, performance measurement
  • Soosan Salehi, Mohammad Reza Abdoli, Mehdi Eskandari Page 857
    Overconfidence is one of the critical concepts of modern behavioral finance highly interested in financial theories and psychology. The main objective of the present research is to study the relationship between managers’ overconfidence and financing decisions (capital structure) concentrated on ownership structure in Tehran Stock Exchange. Research time span is from 2011 to 2015 (a 5-year period). Results of testing research hypotheses of 146 firms revealed that overconfidence and ownership type have no significant effect on financial decisions. In addition, ownership type and institutional owner ration showed no significant effect on the relationship between overconfidence and financial decisions. Whereas, according to the obtained results, institutional owner ratio significantly influences financial decisions.
    Keywords: Manager's overconfidence, Capital structure, Ownership structure, Institutional owner ratio
  • Mohammad Amin Sadeghi Page 880
    The purpose of this paper is to identify efficient factors in the relationship between HRM and customer satisfaction during the process of transition to pure production. Over the past few years, a new stream of strategic management research focused on HRM analysis, and meta-analysis has been done with HRM and customer satisfaction. The calculation of the target model shows that for the effective development of this process, senior management teams need to combine logical and creative skills, such as an aggregate orientation. Finally, a model is presented to understand this sequence, which leads to a cultural change associated with the production of Lean.
    Keywords: Customer Satisfaction, Strategic Management, Strategic Human Resource Management, Lean Production, Human Resource Management
  • Mahdi Hosseini, Alireza Mooghali, Mohammad Ali Sarlak, Gholamhossein Deljo Page 888
    The purpose of the present research is to evaluate and validate the Jihadi organization model. Regarding the significance of inherent models in management and organization field and according to the necessity of using authentic models in the organizations, the Jihadi model was selected as an inherent model for evaluation and validation. It includes three behavioral, contextual, and structural dimensions of 23 components and 135 indicators. The model was evaluated using field method in Tehran municipality organization. Four districts of Tehran municipality were randomly selected through two-step clustering sampling method, of which 375 employees were selected as research sample for questionnaire distribution. Analyses using structural equation modeling, confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis, and fitting analysis demonstrated the Jihadi organization model is totally fitted and validated. Thus, it is recommended that further studies frequently verify the proposed model and apply in the organization if it is validated again.
    Keywords: Jihadi organization model, validity, reliability, validation