- Volume:2 Issue:3, 2017
- تاریخ انتشار: 1396/07/18
- تعداد عناوین: 7
Pages 271-272Musculoskeletal pains are a common symptom in many people (Malmberg-Ceder et al., 2017). In Europe, musculoskeletal pains account for approximately 40% of all occupational diseases and are considered as a growing problem (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2017). The presence of musculoskeletal pains has been associated with reduced quality of life for individuals, decreased productivity, increased sickness, absence from the workplace, and economic consequences for the society (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2017; McDonald, Dibonaventura, & Ullman, 2011; Cancelliere et al., 2011).
Musculoskeletal pain is usually caused by: performing repetitive activities in inappropriate body conditions, keeping body in a steady state for a long time, not paying attention to ergonomic issues in daily activities and during work, not performing simple and periodic exercises during daily activities, having poor physical fitness for exercise, having weak muscles, shortening the length of the tendons and ligaments and fascia, doing improperly stretching exercises, removing and moving heavy loads (especially high altitude), and not paying attention to psychological issues (Dalager, Justesen, & Sjøgaard, 2017).
Therefore, in order to prevent from the occurrence of these pains, special attention should be paid to changing the status of the body during activities; performing simple and periodic exercises; paying attention to stretching exercises, keeping right ergonomic position in life and work, doing daily activities in a proper physical condition, carrying out activities for physical fitness; reducing repetitive tasks; intervention for musculoskeletal pains prevention and early identification of pain causes (Dalager, Justesen, & Sjøgaard, 2017; Linton, 2002; Falla et al., 2017). Furthermore, the use of virtual reality in the treatment of musculoskeletal pains such as manipulating sensory signs to improve motor function during walking should be considered (Powell & Simmonds, 2014).Keywords: Musculoskeletal
Pages 273-277IntroductionMusculoskeletal disorders depend on a variety of factors such as inappropriate body posture; heavy lifting; repetitive actions; and mental, physical, and organizational risk factors. The component manufacturing industry is one of the industries in which direct involvement of the worker in the production process is unavoidable. The present study was carried out with the aim of surveying the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders and assessing the upper limb conditions in employees of a component manufacturing company affiliated to Iran Khodro.
Methods and Materials: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 50 employees selected from 5 sections in 2016. In this study, Nordic questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders and then to evaluate the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders.ResultsThe results of this study showed that the highest prevalence rates of musculoskeletal disorders in employees of component manufacturing industry during the last 12 months were 58.69, 52.17, and 41.28% in waistline, neck, and wrists, respectively.ConclusionConsidering the high prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders in some of the employees in this industry, it is necessary to consider ergonomic issues, optimize workstations, use the mechanical methods for lifting and moving loads, design the standing-sitting work stations, contract with sports halls, gives overtime work, and design and construct ergonomic chairs.Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorders, Nordic questionnaire, Component manufacturing industry
Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and it's associated Factors among Farmers and Workers: a cross-sectional study from Agh Ghala, Golestan, IranPages 279-285BackgroundIn today's world, Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) with high prevalence in work settings are one of the most important occupational health issues. In addition, MSDs cause personal distress, decreased working capacity, and waste of time, work absenteeism, increased health care costs and economic losses. This study aimed to compare the prevalence rate of MSDs and their associated factors among farmers and workers in Agh Ghala.
Methods and Materials: This study was a cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of 300 patients (150 farmers and 150 workers) who were selected from Agh Ghala city in Golestan province. The data collection instrument was Nordic questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test in SPSS software version.ResultsIn this study, about 72% of the farmers (N = 108) and 83.33% of the workers (N = 125) were suffering from MSDs during the preceding year. The most common disorders were Lower Back Pain (LBP) 36.7% (N = 55) and 55.3% (N = 83) in farmers and workers respectively, followed by knee pain 25.3% (N = 38) and 36.7% (N = 57) in farmers and workers respectively. The chi-square test showed a significant relationship between the MSDs and age, level of education, and training in ergonomic principles (PConclusionRegarding the high prevalence rate of MSDs, it is necessary to organize training courses about professional ergonomic interventions in order to raise farmer's and worker's awareness and skills. These programs can be used to improve the health behsubsequentubsequently healthworkers, duefarmers and workers due to preventing from the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders.Keywords: Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs), Prevalence, Farmers, Workers
Relationship between General Health and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Tarbiat Modares University StudentsPages 287-291BackgroundStudents are the most dynamic people in the society and their health is to a great extent a prerequisite for the health of most individuals in the society. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are one of the most important factors that effect on general health. This study was conducted to The Relationship Between General Health and MSD among Tarbiat Modarres University Students.
Methods and Materials: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 306 college students were enrolled by using nonprobability purposive sampling methods and also availability. Data was obtained based on the demographic data questionnaire, musculoskeletal researcher-made questionnaire and the standard General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). After collecting the required data, SPSS software version 23 was used for descriptive and statistical analysis (Spearman/Pearson chi-square, phi Cramers V).ResultsThe results showed that 60.6% and 72% of male and female students had desirable general health. Also, the findings showed that general health decreases with age growth (P = 0.015). Among the musculoskeletal disorders, only low back pain and neck pain were associated with general health, as students who suffered from low back pain and neck had an unhealthy public health (PConclusionThe results of this study showed a high prevalence of general health disorders and musculoskeletal disorders among students. Musculoskeletal disorders have a profound effect on the general health of students, thus jeopardizing their general health. Therefore, consideration should be given to the factors causing these disorders and the appropriate planning to overcome it.Keywords: General Health, Musculoskeletal disorder, Students
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Office Workers in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, IranPages 293-298BackgroundWork-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD) is one of most prevalent health problems among individuals with limited physical activity. This study aimed to assess this problem among office workers in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran.
Methods and Material: Totally, 42 eligible office workers from three health centers related to ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences(SBUMS) between May, 2016-September, 2016 were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Of all these individuals, 420 office workers (response rate 99.2%) were satisfied to participate in this study. In Standard Nordic questionnaire were used to collect data. Collected data were entered into SPSS 16 and analyzed through descriptive and analytical tests.ResultsTotally, 420 office workers with a mean age of37.1 ± 8.03 were examined in this study.The most prevalent WMSPD waslower back pain (N = 56, 13.3%) followed by neck pain (N = 46, 11.0%), wrist pain (N = 43, 10.2%), hip pain (N = 6, 1.4%) and pain in heel of foot (N = 17, 4%). The variables such as age (χ2 = 24.99: P = 0.003); gender (χ2 = 0.544; P = 0.028); employment status (χ2 = 9.837: P = 0.007); duration of pain (χ2 = 1.55l P = 0.001) and duration of treatment (χ2 = 1.006; P=0.001) were significantly related to WMSD.ConclusionsSince the WMSD are prevalent among office workers of SBUMS, designing proper interventional studies are recommended. However, doing more researches to confirm the results of this study is guaranteed.Keywords: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Health Centers, Office workers, Prevalence
Comparing the Effectiveness of the Two Different Education Methods on Musculoskeletal Pain and Functional Disability among Teachers living in Savojbolagh City, IranPages 299-306BackgroundLow Back Pain (LBP) is one of the most common Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). Teachers are among those who are at risk for the MSDs due to their occupation. Education. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two education methods in reducing pain and functional disability in two groups of teachers.
Methods and Materials: In this experimental study two questionnaires of VAS, to measure the pain severity, and the Oswestry Disability (ODI) questionnaire for measuring functional disability were distributed among the 175 teachers with LBP as pre-test. Participants were randomly divided into three groups: one control group with 35 participants and two experimental groups with 70 participants. One of the experimental groups received education by face-to-face lecturing and the other one with a tutorial CD. Eventually, 6 weeks after the intervention, post-test was conducted.ResultsThe mean value for of pain and functional disability was not significantly reduced in the control group. But in both intervention groups, there was a significant decrease in pain and functional disability. The pain intensity in face-to-face education group decreased from 5.13 ± 1.54 to 3.79 ± 1.76 and in CD education group from 5.11 ± 1.57 to 2.63 ± 1.56, indicating that the most pain reduction was in the CD e education group. The mean of functional disability was reduced in face-to-face education groups (from 29.60 ± 10.97 to 20.74 ± 10.16 and in CD education group from 33.06 ± 13.04 to 19.43 ± 12.47.ConclusionCD education method was more effective than face to face education in reducing back pain. Education. Therefore, considering the low cost but high effectiveness of CD education methods, it is recommended that this method be used more for teacher's education.Keywords: Low Back Pain, Functional Disability, Education, Teacher
Pages 307-312BackgroundVitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is an essential nutrient in the body. It is present in both D2 and D3. Vitamin D deficiency as a major public health problem is known over the world. Considering the importance of vitamin D in the body, especially in middle-aged women.
Methods and Materials: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in 240 middle-aged women (40-60 years old) in late April 2017 in Karaj. Sampling was done randomly from Blood tests were performed among the patients.ResultsThe results showed that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 95-90%, and the incidence was more pronounced between the ages of 30 and 30 years. The mean serum level of vitamin D showed a positive significant difference in different decades of age (PConclusionVitamin D deficiency was prevalent in studied population, especially among youth comparing to elderly participants. Due to this research, enrichment and fortified dairy and some food with vitamin D is recommended.Keywords: Correlation, Vitamin D deficiency, Middle-aged women