فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:4 Issue: 12, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/11/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 5
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  • Rozita Kheirkhah, Abdorreza Asadi, Ahmad Zendehdel Pages 1161-1175
    The present research is conducted to study the effect of product market power on dividend policy and firms’ dividends. In this regard, 83 firms were selected from 2011-2016. Lerner adjusted index was used as a measure of market power; next, the effect on the dividend policy and dividend was examined once the effect of control variables (firm size, profitability, growth opportunities, and firm retained earnings) is observed. Research data were analyzed using data paneling and corresponding tests. Research hypotheses were tested using logistic regression for the first research model, and using multivariate linear regression statistical analyses including Chow test, Hausman test, for the second research model, through Eviews9. Research results show that there is a positive significant relationship between market power and firms dividend policy at the probability 95%. In addition, there is also seen a significant relationship between market power and dividend.
    Keywords: Market power, market competition, dividend policy, dividends
  • Waqar Ahmad, Tingwu Yan, Aqsa Bibi Pages 1176-1191
    Innovation is coming from new Knowledge, and new Technology. The author select these two countries because Canada has a very strong innovative economy, while Pakistan is not so strong. The study concludes that foreign direct investment, R&D, and High-tech exports have a positive impact on economic growth, and the results show a significant positive impact on GDP, in the case of Canada. While in Pakistan this influence is not significant due to some internal problems that Pakistan faces like a low rate of domestic investment, political instability, less investment in higher education. Therefore, the comparison can be useful in adapting Canada’s innovation policy for Pakistan.
    Keywords: Real GDP, FDI, R, D, High, Tech Exports, Innovation, Pakistan, Canada
  • Mahyar Kamali Saraji, Ali Morovati Sharifabadi Pages 1192-1205
    Forecasting is a part of decision-making system, and the outcomes gained from the businesses and industries are all resulted from the decisions taken in the past by relying upon the future forecasting. When it's difficult to forecast mentally, we need to use modeling. The system dynamics of a modeling tool is based on systems thinking approach; hence, it has the ability to model complex systems using feedback processes. In this paper, we have reviewed the ability of system dynamics to forecast various fields of study such as marketing, supply chain, environment by reviewing 28 research papers.
    Keywords: System Dynamics, Forecasting, Evaluating, Decision Support System
  • Waqar Ahmad, Zahoor, Aqsa Bibi, Mehnaz Begum, Maryam Bibi Pages 1206-1218
    The role of university education, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of PhD’s by the Higher Education Commissions (HEC) attainment has guaranteed improved economic conditions. HEC promoted the higher education by providing different indigenous and international scholarships, which ultimately improved the standard of living of the students and attainment of well reputed jobs in different institutions of Pakistan, leads to alleviate the poverty relatively. This paper reviews the role of education in promoting economic well-being focusing on the role of educational quality. Much evidence from developing countries suggests that education has strong influence in reducing poverty. The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of some of the key macroeconomic variables on Pakistan’s economic growth during 1980-2007 taking four different education levels including students enrollment at the university level as a ratio to total employed labour force. It concludes that there is strong evidence that the cognitive skills of the population-rather than mere school attainment-are powerfully related to individual earnings, to the distribution of income, and to economic growth. University education does not play a significant role in poverty alleviation. The magnitude of change needed makes it clear that closing the economic gap with industrial countries will require major structural changes in schooling institutions.
    Keywords: HEC, University Education, Poverty Alleviation
  • Aqsa Bibi * Pages 1219-1225
    Family planning plays an important role to control population growth, and poverty reduction, human development. In all over the world population is increases day by day especially in underdeveloped countries and it creates serious problem. In Pakistan the ratio of population is also increase and if control it well cannot be harmful for its development. So we should control birth ratio by family planning and we should support, and government arrange some workshop which creates awareness in people to do family planning.
    Keywords: Family planning, Population Growth, Child spacing, Size of the family