فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:8 Issue: 2, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/12/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
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  • *Rahman Panahi, Ali Ramezankhani, Mahmoud Tavousi Pages 93-94
    Health literacy (HL) is defined as the capacity of a person to acquire¡ interpret¡ and understand basic information and health services that is necessary for proper decision making. Some researchers believe that HL is a stronger predictor of health as compared to variables such as age¡ sex¡ income¡ employment status¡ education level¡ and race [1]. HL can be an effective factor in increasing health behaviors such as adoption of preventive behaviors [2]. Studies on the relationship between HL and the adoption of preventive behaviors report controversial results. While the results of a study indicate that there is no significant relationship between HL and mammography [3]¡ other studies in this regard have concluded that a low level of HL are related to the adoption of less preventive behaviors such as screening tests [4]¡ performing less Pap smear and breast self-examination [2]¡ less involvement in mammography¡ doing less physical activity and smoking [5]¡ and performing less screening of prostate and colorectal cancers [3].
    Keywords: The findings of the above studies indicate the potential effect of HL on adoption
  • Mohsen Golparvar*, Sheida Sadeghi, Mohammad Reza Mosahebi Pages 95-107
    Bullying is one of behaviors which occur in various forms at workplaces. These types of behaviors are associated with diverse range of behaviors and other variables. Considering the lack of instrument to assess supervisor's bullying in workplaces of Iran, this research was carried out to constructing and studying reliability and validity of supervisor's bullying questionnaire at workplace. Statistical population of this research was all of Isfahan oil refinery’s staff that 402 participants was chosen as participant by simple random sampling mehod. The tools included perceived organizational justice questionnaire, organizational citizenship behaviors questionnaire and deviant behaviors questionnaire which used for studying convergent and divergent validity of researcher-made questionnaire of supervisor's bullying. Data were analyzed by using confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis, canonical correlation coefficient (for studying convergent and divergent validity) and reliability coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha and test- retest reliability). Results showed that supervisor's bullying questionnaire has five factor structures which named: supervisors’ threat, insult and scorn by supervisor, anger and revengefulness of supervisor, ignorance and unconventional work pressure of supervisor, supervisors’ boring and cheap. Cronbach’s alpha for the five factors was equal to 0.87, 0.84, 0.82, 0.81, 0.81, and test-retest reliability for those five factors was equal to 0.81, 0.59, 0.58, 0.83, and 0.77. The results of this study revealed that supervisor's bullying questionnaire has suitable validity and reliability for assessment the level of supervisor's bullying at workplaces
    Keywords: Aggressive Behaviors, Bullying, Supervisory, Workplace
  • Shahrban Mehrabi*, Ahmad Etemadi, Ahmad Borjali, Esmail Sadipoor Pages 108-115
    Transition through puberty is marked by an increased risk for the onset of a range of health problems, particularly those related to the control of behavior and emotion. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of training puberty (physical and psychological matters) in general well being and its dimensions in girl adolescents. This was a quasi-experimental study in which the target population included all girl students at the first grade of high school in Jiroft, Iran. 40 students (20 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group) was selected using multi stage sampling method. The experimental group was educated in twelve-90- minute sessions. The content of the educational course included physical signs of puberty, physiologic change in menstrual period, hygiene, nutrition, and psychological changes of puberty. The participants completed the Skehill's general well being questionnaire before and after the intervention. Covariance analysis revealed the efficacy of education on the enhancement of psychological well being and psychological distress reduction. Therefore, it is recommended to implement health educational programs about physical and psychological matters during puberty to elementary and secondary school students to improve their mental health
    Keywords: Adolescent, Girl, Mental Health, Puberty
  • Sajjad Basharpoor*, Seyyedeh Soghra Mozaffari, Esa Jafary, Parviz Molavi Pages 116-122
    Studies advocate the role of temperament factors in development and persistence of anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine the role of temperament and character dimensions in predicting the state-trait anxiety in high school students. In this study, the statistical population consisted of all high school students (N=3416). One hundred and eighty students were selected randomly from this population by using multistage cluster sampling. They were asked to complete state-trait anxiety inventory, and cloninger's temperament and character inventory in the class in presence of the researcher. The findings of correlation analysis showed that anxiety was positively correlated with novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and reward dependence, while it was negatively correlated with persistence, cooperativeness, and self-directedness. The results of regression analysis indicated that 60% of variance of anxiety was explained by temperament and character dimensions. Based on the results of this study, temperament and character dimensions can provide a kind of predisposition for anxiety and can be used to identify anxiety symptoms in early stages.
    Keywords: Anxiety, Character, State Anxiety, Temperament
  • Reza Davarniya*, Kianoush Zahrakar, Ali Mohammad Nazari Pages 123-131
    Brief solution-focused therapy is a collaborative and non-pathological approach for therapy emphasizing on finding the solution by the client with the help and collaboration of the therapist. The research was conducted to examine the effectiveness of brief solution-focused couple therapy in reducing couple burnout among women. The present research has been conducted by a semi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest and follow-up with control group design. The population of the present research included all the women who visited three counseling centers of the welfare organization and also mental helpers. After the initial screening, 30 women, whose scores were the highest in couple burnout questionnaire were selected as the study sample, and they were assigned into two experimental and control groups (15 participants per group). The data were gathered by Pines’s couple burnout measure. The level of couple burnout was measured for the experimental and control group participants before experimental intervention (brief solution-focused couple therapy). Afterwards, the experimental group received the brief solution-focused couple therapy for 7 sessions of 1.5-hour in groups, but the control group received no intervention. Also, the experimental group participated in a follow-up session approximately 5 weeks after the last therapy session. Results showed that brief solution-focused couple therapy has been able to significantly reduce couple burnout in the posttest stage and in the follow-up stage. Brief solution-focused couple therapy can be used for reducing marital problems among couples.
    Keywords: Couple Therapy, Education, Marriage
  • Alireza Atarodi Beimorghi, Nadjla Hariri*, Fahimeh Babalhavaeji Page 132
    Knowledge is the real and necessary requirement of today's societies, and we benefit from information and knowledge in our lives and promote our health through it. Health is a category that is important in life and several factors can affect its formation, sustainability and promotion. Libraries, and librarians as facilitators of knowledge dissemination, can promote social health through managing and transforming knowledge into wisdom, providing intellectuality, and internalizing knowledge in human and throughout the community. The purpose of this study was to explain the rational use of libraries as the main causes of social health by using a qualitative method and resorting to grounded theory approach. Participants in this study were 22 educated people at least with PhD degree, which were considered to be rich in information on the research subject. The participants were selected by purposeful sampling method. The data were collected using semi-structured interviews while the interviews were ended in saturation phase or in the theoretical adequacy. Data analysis was performed using the Strauss and Corbin method or three stages of open, axial, and selective coding. After analyzing data, 300 initial open codes, about 100 merged codes, 20 sub-sub categories, 9 sub-categories, and 3 main categories were appeared. The main category was “The wisely services of libraries as the predisposing factors of social health." The findings showed that libraries can play an effective role in the formation and promotion of social health using their resources and librarians’ capabilities.
    Keywords: Intellectuality, Knowledge, Library, Social Health, Wisdom
  • Mahdi Shahraki, Lotfali Agheli*, Abbas Assari Arani, Hossein Sadeqi, Simin Ghaderi Pages 143-151
    Child health as one of the main indicators of economic development has been included directly in the millennium development goals. Due to the increased rate of mother's employment and education along with children malnutrition, the effect of mothers’ socioeconomic status on children’s health was examined in this study. In case study, data on children at birth were gathered from health care records in 10 health centers of Tehran. The sample size of 400 was determined using the Cochran formula with an error margin of 5%. The cases were selected through random cluster sampling. The probit, probit with endogenous variable, and ordered probit models were employed. The mean mother's education was at the level of 3.76, representing higher than diploma and lower than associate degrees. The mean mother's age, whose children were normal, stunting, and severe stunting, was 32.25, 32.92, and 34.20, respectively. The mother's employment and education level increased the likelihood of stunting by 93 and 37 percent, respectively. Therefore, mother's employment had a negative effect on child health; i.e. mother's employment increases the possibility of stunting probably because of child malnutrition. In addition, rising education level among unemployed mothers increased the probability of children’s health. The parents’ education affected positively the health of children, and officeholder father, family size, and being twin had negative effects on children's health.
    Keywords: Child Health, Educational status, Employment status
  • Hossein Jenaabadi* Pages 152-162
    Health and wellbeing of mothers of children with special needs as a vulnerable group in society is very important. Mental health is affected by many variables, the most important of which are personality traits. The aim of this study was to examine general health and its relationship with personality traits among mothers of children with special needs. This study used a comparative design. The statistical population of the current study included all mothers of children with special needs in Zahedan. The sample of the present study consisted of 240 mothers of children with cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, or physical retardation in Zahedan selected using convenience sampling method. To collect data, the 60-Item NEO personality inventory and the general health questionnaire were used. The results indicated a significant difference between mothers of children with cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, or physical retardation in terms of their general health. Among the NEO five-factor personality traits, neuroticism was positively correlated with general health while conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were negatively related to general health. However, no significant relationship was found between openness and mothers’ general health. Moreover, the results showed that among the NEO five-factor personality traits, the subscales of neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, and openness respectively played the most important roles in predicting the level of general health among the mothers. According to the results, it can be inferred that, compared to mothers of children with autism, mental retardation, or physical retardation, general health of mothers of children with cerebral palsy was at higher risk.
    Keywords: Health, Personality, Cerebral Palsy
  • Amineh Sahranavard Gargari*, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Malek Ahmadi Pages 163-172
    Although active life style is one of the main determining factors of health, the level of regular physical activities in women is less than in men and even this level decreases with aging. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an intervention based on the social ecological model on promotion of physical activity among female employees. In this study, 160 women employed at Shabestar universities were selected, and randomly divided into two groups of control (n=80) and intervention (n=80). The intervention group received an instructional program according to the model, including one session for general instruction and four sessions for group discussion along with daily walking for 30 minutes within 8 weeks. In order to objectively measure the physical activity, the pedometer was used and to measure the perceived physical activity, the long form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was applied. The variables related to the components of socio-ecological model were measured using the socio-ecological model questionnaire. A significant difference was found between two groups after the intervention in terms of That is, the average number of steps in walking in the intervention group increased significantly (from 4204 to 7882 steps per day), while it did not significantly increase in the control group. Thus, it can be argued that designing and implementing the interventional programs based on the socio-ecological model can promote physical activity behavior among employed women
    Keywords: Employees, Female, Physical Activity
  • Mehdi Dehestani*, Sara Ghanbarian Sharabiani, Roghieh Nooripour, Firuzeh Zanganeh Pages 173-181
    Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in modern societies which also including student populations. Etiology of depression is naturally very complicated matter. Some of the effective parameters that have recently gained scholars’ attention are personality traits including romantic relationships that can affect depression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationship between personality traits and romantic relationships with depression. Research population was students of Payam Noor University of Tehran that 50 married students and were selected by using random sampling method. Research instruments were Beck’s depression Inventory II (BDI-II), shortened revised NEO personality Inventory (NEO-FFI-60) and sternberg's triangular love scale. Data analysis showed that neuroticism component of personality traits as well as intimacy component of Sternberg’s love theory has significant relationship with depression. Moreover, this research showed that neuroticism and intimacy could predict depression symptoms by 37 percent and 10 percent respectively. In order to prevent depression in students, interventional actions are needed to provide more clear relationships based on personality traits.
    Keywords: Depression, Personality Traits, Relationship, Students
  • Seyed Mousa Golestaneh* Pages 182-188
    Self-efficacy beliefs are used to explain a range of behaviors and aspects of the pain experience. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between academic self-efficacy, social self-efficacy, emotional self-efficacy and psychological hardiness with pain self-efficacy in students. 167 students of Persian Gulf university were selected randomly. The research tools consist of Nicholas pain self-efficacy questionnaire, Morris pain self-efficacy questionnaire and Kobasa psychological hardiness. Correlation coefficient results showed that there was a significant separate correlation between academic self-efficacy, social self-efficacy, emotional self-efficacy, and psychological hardiness with pain self-efficacy. The results of regression analysis showed that the best predictors of pain self-efficacy were psychological hardiness, emotional self-efficacy and social self-efficacy, respectively. Totally the results of regression analysis were significant and revealed that the multiple relationship of predictor variables with the criterion variable was approved. The results suggest that the psychological hardiness and emotional self-efficacy play very effective role in dealing with aches and pains for students.
    Keywords: Pain, Personality, Self Efficacy
  • Reza Noruzi Kuhdasht*, Zahra Ghayeninejad, Naser Nastiezaie Pages 189-195
    Despite the widespread use of mobail phones in Iranian students, psychological and behavioral effects of addiction to it and its consequences have not been investigated yet. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between cell phone dependency with psychological disorders and academic burnout among nursing and midwifery students. In this study, 169 students were chosen through stratified random sampling method. Data collection tools included mobile phone addiction index, symptom check list-90- Revision and academic burnout inventory. Correlation coefficients of mobile phone dependency with psychological disorders was 0.487 and according results from regression analysis mobile phone dependency predicted 23.8% of the variance of psychological disorders. Correlation coefficients of mobile phone dependency with academic burnout was 0.677 and results from regression analysis mobile phone dependency explained 47.6 of the variance academic burnout. Considering the positive and significant relationship between cell phone usage with psychological disorders and student's academic burnout, identifying the people at risk and holding mobile phone injury training workshops is recommended.
    Keywords: Burnout, Dependency, Disorders, Mobile Phone, Psychological Students