فهرست مطالب

Shiraz Emedical Journal - Volume:19 Issue: 4, 2018
  • Volume:19 Issue: 4, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/02/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Negin Jazayerinezhad, Zahra Bostani Khalesi *, Maryam Niknami Page 1
    Background
    A father’s adaptation will facilitate the transition into fatherhood and strengthen the bonding and attachment between the father and his children.
    Objectives
    The aim of this review article determined the effective factors in the father’s adaptation.
    Methods
    The present study has been developed based on the PRISMA checklist. We conducted this review using Persian databases (Magiran, Iran Medex, Iran Doc, SID and Google Scholar) for Persian relevant literature and English databases (ISI Web of Science, MEDLINE, CINAHL, HMIC, Child Data, NCJRS, HSRProj, IBSS) for English relevant literature. To search in each electronic database, the following terms were used: “Father”, “Paternal Behaviors”, “Behavior”, “Paternal”, “Father-Child Relationship”, “Father-Child Relation”, “Adaptation”, “Care”, and “Child”. Two reviewers assessed the quality of the included studies. Inclusion criteria included: focused on fatherhood and father’s adaptation, they were scientific papers with the quantitative or qualitative method, providing appropriate and suitable information about effective factors on the father’s adaptation of healthy children, and published in a scientific and high-quality scholarly journal. All relevant literature that was published between August 1990 and September 2017 were included.
    Results
    The 21 studies were included in the current systematic review from an initial search of 87 records. The results can be divided into 3 general groups of effective factors in the father’s adaptation, including: paternal factors, child factors, and health care service factors.
    Conclusion
    Findings of this study showed a wide range of effective factors such as age, occupation, educational level, satisfaction with marriage, antenatal education classes, care providers support, and child gender in father’s adaptation. It is recommended that future researches should be focused toward need-based interventions to improve father’s adaptation.
    Keywords: Father, Father, Child Relationship, Adaptation
  • Mahnaz Samadbeik, Marzieh Saremian, Ali Garavand, Negar Hasanvandi, Sahar Sanaeinasab, Hadis Tahmasebi * Page 2
    Background
    Appointment scheduling is considered as one of the important aspects of patient flow management. Today, the advent of Internet into the realm of health care has paved the way for employing an internet-based booking system for visiting physicians. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the online outpatient booking system in Iranian hospitals.
    Methods
    The present study was an applied descriptive study. In this study, all outpatient appointment booking websites in Iranian hospitals were evaluated. The methods of outpatients booking in the hospitals (N = 598) were determined based on information available at their active websites. Finally, 31 active online booking systems were identified and investigated using a localized checklist, including 59 items in 6 sections.
    Results
    The results showed that only 13.03% of Iranian hospitals had an active online booking system. All the online booking systems had a weak quality based on the total score percentage (17.10%). The highest score percentages were related to sections of online security features (45%) and details of health insurance (42%), while the clinical data section received the lowest score (7.25%). The most frequent item was the patient’s name in the patient demographics section (27 websites).
    Conclusions
    The outpatient appointment system in Iranian hospitals is done more traditionally through walk-ins to the health centers. The online outpatient booking systems have poor quality. Hence, codification and communication of national standards for designing hospital websites, periodical evaluation of appointment booking websites by ministry of health, and survey of the users of this method can enhance the qualitative level of these websites.
    Keywords: Reservation, Electronic Appointment Booking, Outpatients
  • Zahra Khademian *, Zahra Pishgar, Camellia Torabizadeh Page 3
    Background
    Teamwork in operating room is necessary to ensure patient’s safety and medical practices outcomes. Owing to the importance of teamwork training to nursing students, the current study aimed at investigating the effect of training on the attitude and knowledge of anesthesia and operating room nursing students to teamwork.
    Methods
    The current quasi-experimental study was conducted from March to October 2015 in Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Forty-five anesthesia and 15 operating room nursing students with a mean age of 22.26 ± 0.88 years were divided equally into the experimental and control groups. Data were collected before and 2 months after the intervention, using the Persian version of TeamSTEPPS teamwork attitude questionnaire and a researcher made teamwork knowledge test (each with 30 items). The intervention was a 2-session training workshop on teamwork and its strategies, each lasting for 4 hours. The training was performed by lecture, scenarios and videos, and group discussion. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics, paired t test, independent t test, and chi-square.
    Results
    The total mean score of the experimental group on teamwork attitude significantly differed after the intervention (117.5 ± 7.01) compared with those of the pre-intervention (111.83 ± 7.22) and control group (109.5 ± 9.6) (P
    Conclusions
    Training improved participants’ overall teamwork attitude in 4 out of its 5 domains (but not in mutual support) and the knowledge about teamwork. Therefore, nursing training should mostly focus on the improvement of supportive behaviors among students in clinical settings.
    Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Operating Room, Teamwork, Interprofessional Care
  • Vahid Rahmanian, Yaser Sarikhani *, Keramatollah Rahmanian, Elham Mansoorian, Mahdieh Zare Page 4
    Background
    Failure to thrive is one of the most important health problems of children around the word and in developing countries. This study aimed at investigating factors associated with failure to thrive among the children aged 3 to 72 months in Jahrom city of southern Iran.
    Methods
    This case-control study comprised of 250 children aged 3 to 72 months. The case group included children with growth curves below the third percentile in more than one measurement and children above the third percentile with failure to gain weight or with weight loss during at least 1 month. The control group was selected from children with normal growth rate. The case and control groups were matched in terms of age and gender. The chi-square test and logistic regression method were applied for analysis of data using the SPSS 17 software.
    Results
    Failure to thrive in children was significantly associated with factors, such as lower level of mother's education (OR = 4.29, %95 CI = 1.80 - 10.25, P
    Conclusion
    Failure to thrive causes serious complications in children later in their lives. With regards to the relatively high prevalence of this problem among children aged under 6 years of age, it is therefore deemed necessary, as an important health problem, to identify factors associated with this disorder, improve pre-pregnancy care, promote women’s education level, and train parents to consider appropriate nutrition of children and healthy pregnancy.
    Keywords: Failure to Thrive, Children, Associated Factors, Iran
  • Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Tayebeh Rakhshani *, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Majid Tavakoli, Hossein Sobati Page 5
    Background
    One of the many tasks of rural health houses (HHs) is to provide health education for rural clients.
    Objectives
    The purpose of this study was to assess the conditions and responsibilities of HHs regarding health education.
    Methods
    Through systematic random sampling, 1600 HHs were selected during April-September 2011. Besides the characteristics of HHs, type of training, audience groups, time of education, number of participants, and reasons for educational classes were requested in a written format from the selected HHs. Data were analyzed using Excel 2007 and SPSS version 16.
    Results
    In total, 21.9% of HHs had no group education within the first 5 months. Most education was related to the field of reproductive health, followed by intestinal diseases. The largest target group included mothers eligible for family planning. The mean duration of education was 33.6 minutes per week. Based on the findings, 55% of training was conducted due to provincial health priorities.
    Conclusions
    Although cardiovascular diseases, road traffic accidents, and cancers are the major causes of mortality in Iran, most education concentrated on reproductive health, as well as mother and child health. Therefore, modifications in educational methods and planning are necessary.
    Keywords: Evaluation, Rural Health Center, Health Education
  • Naser Khalaji, Ahad Zeinali, Masomeh Purjabali, Kia Bolurani, Amin Abdollahazade Fard * Page 6
    Background
    One of the most significant sources of indoor ultraviolet (UV) radiation are compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). The UV radiation has various destructive effects on biological organisms.
    Objectives
    This study is aimed to assess disorders evoked by CFLs and possible protective effects of curcumin on the liver.
    Methods
    A total of 24 adult male wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (ethyl oleate 0.2 mL, IP, for 40 days, without CFLs exposure), fluorescent (ethyl oleate 0.2 mL, IP, daily and 12 hours CFLs exposure for 40 days), and curcumin (Curcumin 20 µ mol, IP, with 12 hours CFLs exposure for 40 days). At the end of the experiment, the levels of some enzymes and biochemical data of plasma were measured and morphology of liver was observed.
    Results
    The results of the study showed that CFLs significantly increase liver enzymes including aspartate aminotransferase (243.25 ± 38.85 vs 151.25 ± 21.64, P
    Conclusions
    In this research, mentioned disorders is the probably effect of UV radiation emitted by CFLs. whereas curcumin, as an antioxidant, has a protective effect on disorders such as biochemical and morphological changes evoked by CFLs in rat livers.
    Keywords: Compact Fluorescent Lamps, Curcumin, UV Radiation, Liver Enzymes, Fatty Liver Disease
  • Manijeh Alimohammadi, Yousef Alimohamadi, Malihe Khoramdad, Mohammad Shahbaz, Amir Abbas Shokraeian, Firooz Esmaeilzadeh * Page 7
    Background
    Industrialization is the significant cause of death and inability in the most developed and ýdeveloping countries, and a greater part of nourishing inadequacies and infectious ýdiseases is attibuted to this outcome of modernity. The current study aimed at determining the status of the cardiovascular disease progression in Iran (as a developing country) by assessing the trend of risk factors such as blood pressure (PB), total cholesterol, and body mass index (BMI) from 1980 to 2010.
    Methods
    The current cross sectional study was conducted based on aggregate data extracted from the Gapminder Website. No sampling was done in the study. The research was conducted from 1980 to 2010. The bivariate Pearson correlation, independent samples t test, and message sequence charts were used to analyze data with SPSS version 16; α = 0.05 was considered the level of significance.
    Results
    The mean total cholesterol in females over 3 decades showed an increasing trend. The mean BMI increased within the study period. The mean BMI of males decreased from 1980 to 1997 and then, increased until 2008; while it remained constant in 2009 and 2010. The mean PB decreased in females aged above 31 years. The total cholesterol levels in males decreased from 1980 to 1990 and afterwards increased to 2010. The mean BMI of males increased in the same period.
    Conclusions
    By the improvement of lifestyle, healthy nutrition, purposive training, and increasing the knowledge about risk factors of chronic heart disease (CHD), these risk factors as well as the rate of CHD reduced in the studied population.
    Keywords: Risk Factors, Coronary, Heart, Iran