فهرست مطالب

Applied and Computational Mechanics - Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2015
  • Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2015
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1394/03/30
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Ali Mohammad Moniri Bidgoli *, Ali Reza Daneshmehr, Reza Kolahchi Pages 52-58
    This study presents exact bending solution of fully clamped orthotropic rectangular plates subjected to arbitrary loads resting on elastic foundations, based on the finite integral transform method. In this method, it is not necessary to determine the deformation function because the basic governing equations of the classical plate theory for orthotropic plates have been used. A detailed parametric study is conducted to elucidate the influences of stiffness of elastic medium, plate length, flexural rigidities and distributed transverse load on the deflections. The applicability of the method is extensive since it can solve any plates with different loadings. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the validity and accuracy of the approach, as it is totally in agreement with the other studies.
    Keywords: analytical solution, Finite integral transform method, Foundation plate, Orthotropic rectangular plate
  • Mohammad Mehdi Mashinchi Joubari *, Mohammad Hadi Pashaei, Hamid Javaniyan Jouybari Pages 59-66
    In this paper, Newton Harmonic Balance Method (NHBM) is applied to obtain the analytical solution for an electron beam injected into a plasma tube where the magnetic field is cylindrical and increases towards the axis in inverse proportion to the radius. Periodic solution is analytically verified and consequently the relation between the Natural Frequency and the amplitude is obtained in an analytical form. A comparison of the period of the oscillation and obtained solution with the exact result illustrates that the NHBM is a powerful and efficient tool for solving nonlinear vibration equations.
    Keywords: Electron beam, Frequency–Amplitude Relation, Plasma Physics, Newton Harmonic Balance Method
  • Abbas Ajorkar, Alireza Fazlyab *, Farhad Fani Saberi, Mansour Kabganian Pages 67-73
    In this paper, an adaptive attitude control algorithm is developed based on neural network for a satellite using four reaction wheels in a tetrahedron configuration. Then, an attitude control based on feedback linearization control is designed and uncertainties in the moment of inertia matrix and disturbances torque have been considered. In order to eliminate the effect of these uncertainties, a multilayer neural network with back-propagation law is designed. In this structure, the parameters of the moment of inertia matrix and external disturbances are estimated and used in feedback linearization control law. Finally, the performance of the designed attitude controller is investigated by several simulations.
    Keywords: Attitude Control, Adaptive, neural network control, Satellite, Reaction wheel
  • Arash Azimi *, Mehdi Ashjaee, Morteza Khayat Pages 74-82
    A numerical study has been carried out for slot air jet impingement cooling of horizontal concentric circular cylinders. The slot air jet is situated at the symmetry line of a horizontal cylinder along the gravity vector and impinges on the bottom of the outer cylinder which is designated as θ=0°. The outer cylinder is partially opened at the top with a width of W=30mm and is kept at constant temperature T= 62°C. The inner cylinder which is a part of the slot jet structure is chosen to be insulated. The effects of jet Reynolds number in the range of 100≤ Rej ≤1000 and the ratio of spacing between nozzle and outer cylinder surface to the jet width for H=4.2 and H=12.5 on the local and average Nusselt numbers are examined. In the numerical study, FLUENT CFD package is used and validated by comparing the results with the experimental data at the same Reynolds number. It is observed that the maximum Nusselt number occurs at the stagnation point at (θ=0°) and the local heat transfer coefficient decreases on the circumference of the cylinder with increase of θ as a result of thermal boundary layer thickness growth. Also, results show that the local and average heat transfer coefficients are raised by increasing the jet Reynolds number and by decreasing the nozzle-to-surface spacing.
    Keywords: Heat Transfer, Impingement cooling, Slot, jet, Concentric cylinders
  • Seyed Mohammadjavad Zeidi, Miralam Mahdi * Pages 83-94
    Investigating nozzle’s orifice flow is challenging both experimentally and theoretically. This paper focuses on simulating flow inside diesel injector nozzle via Ansys fluent v15. Validation is performed with experimental results from Winkhofler et al (2001). Several important parameters such as mass flow rate, velocity profiles and pressure profiles are used for this validation. Results include the effects of contraction inside nozzle’s orifice, effect of compressibility; effect of injection pressures and several orifice entries are also simulated in this study. To consider the effect of compressibility, a user defined function used in this simulation. The Cavitation model which is used in this simulation is Singhal et al. (2002) cavitation model. Presto discretization method is used for Pressure equation and second upwind discretization method is used for Momentum equation. Converging Singhal et al. cavitation model is very challenging and it needs several efforts and simulations.
    Keywords: Two phase flow, Mass flow rate, Nozzle entry, Cavitation, Singhal
  • Moona Mohammadi *, Ali Reza Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi Pages 95-102
    Nowadays, it is important to consider environmental issues, as ecological problems and their severe effects are intensifying in Iran, particularly in Khuzestan province. The environmental effects of hydroelectric plants are highly regarded due to their significant impact on an extensive area. Lack of safe path for fish passing through the turbines is one of these damages. In order to deal with these challenges, researchers are trying to optimize hydro power turbines. In this optimization, old runners were replaced. Meanwhile, conditions of fish passing through the turbines and fish survival have been improved. Considering the existence of six hydroelectric power plants in Khuzestan province, it would be possible to conduct optimization or constructing studies with a fish-friendly approach for the safe passage of fishes to slightly reduce the extent of environmental damages.
    Keywords: hydro power turbine, fish, friendly turbine, optimization of hydro power turbine
  • Ali Akbar Ansarifard *, Abdolrahman Jaamialahmadi Pages 103-111
    This paper examines the effects of geometric tolerances on the natural frequencies of rotating shafts. In order to model the tolerances, a code is written in MATLAB 2013 that produces deviated points. Deviated points are controlled by different geometric tolerances, including cylindricity, total run-out and coaxiality tolerances. Final surfaces and models passing through the points are created using SolidWorks 2013 and finally modal analysis is carried out with FE software. It is observed whenever the natural frequency is higher or the geometric tolerances are greater, natural frequencies of the real and ideal shafts are more distant. Also, the difference percentage between ideal and real frequencies is investigated. The results show that the percentage value is approximately constant for every mode shapes.
    Keywords: Geometric tolerance, Natural frequency, critical rotational speed, rotating shafts, modal analysis