فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:3 Issue:5, 2000
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1378/10/11
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
|
  • Naser Jamalzadeh* Pages 13-40
    Order and security and their dimensions in Islamic verses and tradition are individual and social necessities being in the center of the true religion of Islam’s attention. Order and security are interdependent. Security comes as a result of order, and with security, order continues. God has created human beings and knows everything about their inner and outer needs, therefore, he is aware of the order and security man needs to reach peace and tranquility. Thus, we should search for the characteristics of the secure society, in the discourse of God and his Prophets and Imams. This article is going to explain the ideal order and security of man in the Quran and Islamic tradition and the life style of innocent Imams (A. S.) employing descriptive-analytical method
    Keywords: Social Order, Social Security, Prophet Mohammad Seerah, Holy Quran, Islamic Tradition
  • Asghar Eftekhari* Pages 41-60
    The expression of the reality that there is a relationship between the political system and the knowledge type in all societies that contributes to the establishment and continuity of power, guides us to discuss the ideal political knowledge in Iran, appropriate to the Islamic strategic teachings. In other words, Islam has its own requirements impacting all scientific realms including political science. From this viewpoint, the major question is: “What is the strategic requirement of Islam in political realm”? To answer this question, the researcher has tried, using the comparative method, to clarify the differences between the Islamic policy and the secular policy, and then to suggest a new political model. This new model is under the influence of the Islamic teachings from four aspects, namely: first ontological aspect which compares the two-dimensional Islamic viewpoint with the one-dimensional viewpoint of secularism; second, epistemology that compares the software approach of Iranian culture with the hostile one; third, providence that considers salvation as a substitute for hegemonism; and forth, methodology that suggests morality as an alternate for instrumentalism
    Keywords: Political Science Discipline, Islamic, Iran, Secularism, Power, Benefit
  • Rizwan Hussain* Pages 61-91
    This paper discusses some key points in the philosophical, political and economic thought of the famous Indian Muslim poet Dr. Mohammad Iqbal. Iqbal sought to reform the Muslim identity and the wider Islamic world in order to deal with the Western challenge. He was deeply perturbed by the ideological domination of the East by the West in the political, cultural and social spheres. His political and economic perceptions, as indicated in his poems, seek to revive the self-confidence and creativity in the Muslim Ummah (Community). Iqbal exhorts the Muslims to realise their identity and selfhood (Khudi) to confront the Western challenge. Iqbal’s politico-economic thought is tinged with his dislike of capitalism and colonial rule. As an anti-dote to these elements, Iqbal speaks positively of socialism and its main proponents in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century although he rejects the atheistic form of socialism. Iqbal also purposes a reconstruction of Islamic thought in order to make it compatible with the demands of the modern world. All in all, Iqbal’s philosophy reveals an eclectic mixture of Islamic modernism, anti-imperialism, pan-Islamism and a desire for a socially equitable society within an Islamic framework
    Keywords: Khudi, Ego, Islam, Imperialism, Colonialism, Western Civilisation, Equality, Quran, Democracy, Socialism, Caliphate
  • Mohammad Sadegh Nosratpanah*, Mohammad Mehdi Seifi Pages 93-122
    This paper intends to define and delimit the freedom of thinking and freedom of idea in Islam, emphasizing on Allameh Tabatabaee’s viewpoint and employing the technique of text-based, methodical interpretation data analysis through library referral to his works and pointing to freedom, its types and limits in Islam, its legitimacy and illegitimacy, and also the requirements of thinking freedom. To do so, after enumerating anthropological and ontological bases and defining the limits of freedom, the central topic of the paper, “the freedom of thinking” and “freedom of idea”, and their relationships and differences will be discussed, and finally this conclusion will be obtained that according to Allameh Tabatabaee, in Islam, the freedom of idea without pondering, is forbidden because it is opposed to freedom of thinking and is the origin of blind and causeless dogmatism, in spite of some recommendations represented in favor of it
    Keywords: Islam Religion, Allameh Tabatabaee, Freedom of Thinking, Freedom of Idea, Human, Society
  • Mohammad Javad Harati* Pages 123-140
    Imam Khomeini’s political thought as the architect of the Islamic revolution had a great influence on the formation of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s foreign policy. What exists of his political thought also, is not out of the framework determined by Islam, a great part of which can be discussed within Shiites canon law. The main question in the present research is about the religious foundations of Imam’s political thought, the most important of which consists of “denial of domination of unbelievers upon believers”, “the principle of convocation to jihad”, “the principle of religious esteem”, and “commitment to international treaties” which will be discussed in this research
    Keywords: Imam Khomeini, Foreign Policy, Islamic jurisprudence, Islam, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Taheri* Pages 141-152
    Skepticism and fear caused serious flaws in liberalism. Skepticism made liberalism resort to reason as an Archimedean point for resolving disagreements. But reason like opinions and affections is subject to social contingencies. Liberal fear of human nature has led it to a negative notion of rights that is harmful to social solidarity. Islam can help liberalism resolve these problems
    Keywords: Islam, Liberalism, Skepticism, Fear, Rights