فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:2 Issue:3, 2000
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1378/10/11
  • تعداد عناوین: 5
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  • Naser Jamalzadeh* Pages 7-42
    Justice has been reflected upon by various religious and nonreligious thinkers since ancient times. In Islam, discussions of justice among theologians started in different sects with a discussion of divine justice and gradually expanded to reach discussions of social and political justice. While examining the various aspects of sociopolitical justice in Islam, this article makes an attempt to follow this concept in three jurisprudential, philosophical and sociological approaches among contemporary Muslim thinkers. In this respect, the views of three thinkers, who paid attention to this concept in their works, is of significance. To this end, the views of Allâmé Mirzâ Hoseyn Nâini will be discussed from the Islamic jurisprudential point of view, those of Ayatollah Mortezâ Motahari from the philosophical point of view and those of Dr. Ali Shariati from the sociological point of view. This study will also make an attempt to establish landmarks in the discussion of justice, with which the reader can make a comparative study. For this purpose, the philosophical, social and sociological foundations of justice will be emphasized and various aspects of justice (political, social, economic and philosophical justice) will be identified and introduced accordingly
    Keywords: social justice, political justice, economic justice, Equality, Nâini, Motahari, Shariati
  • Asghar Eftekhary* Pages 43-74
    Justice is the main Principle for macking a safe National/ International order. Because of it, author in this article identify and analyze different dimensions of Justice order. For this, author analyzed Two approaches – according Imam Khomeini's point of wieve: National order & Justice; and International order & Justice.At the first stage, this theory is baised on Adjustment of relation between Government & Citizens. In the Second Stage, is baised on Adjustment between States according Law and Power. Therefore, author shows us a new theory of International/ National Order which is baised on Adjustment – not power
    Keywords: Justice, adjustment, national order, international order, Imam Khomeini, Islam
  • Abuzar Gohari Moqaddam*, Sayyed Ali Latifi Pages 75-90
    Recognition of major keywords in Imam Khomeini's thoughts is an important path to completely know the intellectual-political collection of the structure which he legally and institutionally built after the revolution of 1979 and left for us. "Ommah" is one of those keywords with religious essence and Islamic feature that came to the political thinking of Islamic thinkers specifically the great leader of our Islamic revolution. The investigation of theoretical and practical works of Imam Khomeini indicates that the word "Ommah" has been able to compete with conceptual changes of the day such as nation and nationalism in addition to maintaining its validity and Quranic origin. In fact, it has reproduced itself employing the instrument of Ejtehad, adjusting itself to the conditions of time and place in Imam Khomeini's thoughts. The present research tried to study Imam Khomeini's attitude employing descriptive-analytical technique and library method. By studying the terminology used by Imam Khomeini, it is concluded that the concept of "nation" is a marginal one, in relation with the concept of "Ommah" In fact, Imam Khomeini has not negated nationalism with the meaning of national authority in his comments, but he has negated ethnicity and clanship and their undesirable impact as the factors of separation among Islamic Ommah
    Keywords: Ommah, nation, nationalism, religious identity, Islamic unity
  • Gholamreza Khajesarvi* Pages 91-114
    Religion has always been an inseparable component of political, social, and cultural life of Iranian people. Democracy as a western phenomenon has also been theoretically and in spoken as well as written form publicized in Iran for 100 years. The present article is an attempt to show to what extent religion has served democracy in Iran and vice versa. Elaborating on the type of interaction between religion and democracy in Iran, this article concludes that religion has believed democracy more than the latter having served the former. As a result, if religion had not entered the field of politics in Iran, it was quite likely that there would not have been any manifestations of democracy here
    Keywords: religion, Democracy, reciprocal services, suffrage, answerable government, pluralism
  • Ali Akbar Alikhani* Pages 115-135
    This article mainly undertakes to discuss theoretical aspects in the Noble Prophet's political conduct. In this article, firstly the necessity and importance of political justice has been explained in three parts. Thereafter, we have undertaken to define the essence of justice and to discuss its levels and principles in the Noble Prophet's thought. Equality, as the most important principle of justice in human societies, has also been dealt with. The final discussion focuses on two standards of justice, namely "the syndrome of justice" and "the main criterion of justice". In this discussion political justice from the viewpoint of the Noble Prophet (s) has two principles, three levels, one beginning point and one cardinal standard. The principles of justice are reason and equality, and the levels of justice are the system of being, society and Human being. The beginning point of justice is the epicenter of power at every level of the political system and naturally higher levels have more importance, and the main standard of justice is an indisputable Islamic principle, namely "do unto others what you would like them do unto you". In political justice, "the method of justice" and "the goal of justice" bring society close to the actualization of justice, and avoiding extreme ends is compatible with ease and tranquility, both of which are the ultimate goals of justice, namely Human's felicity and happiness in the world and the Hereafter
    Keywords: Prophet Muhammad, political justice, Islamic justice, happiness