فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی 30 (Summer 2018)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/04/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Ali Asghar Abbasi Asfajir Pages 9-14
    This paper presents an attempt to use Agnew’s General Strain Theory ( GST) (1992) for explanation of the criminal behavior differences between young males and females in Babol, a city in northern part of Iran. General Strain Theory (GST) is essentially regarded as a set of ideas formulated to explain the occurrence of crime as a result of the strain in social life. This study explores the relationship between gender and criminal behavior among males and females. To achieve this aim it was used a theoretical model based on Agnew’s general strain theory (GST) design and finally this casual model conceptualized and operationalized the variables. In this study the independent variable is gender. Data gathered from a sample of 140 young persons who lived in Babol. The findings indicate that there are significant differences between gender and crime.
    Keywords: Stain theory, Gender, Crime, Criminal behavior
  • Mostafa Azkia, Qasem Alaeizadeh Pages 15-30
    The aim of present study is to study sociologically the role of cultural capital of Iranian families on their students' acceptance in university. This is a descriptive post-event survey. The statistical population of study includes all students, in Sharif University of Technology, who have been studying in 2015-2016 (n= 1013). The sample size was 350 students selected according to Cochran table through simple random sampling. In order to measure research variables, data has been collected through researcher-made questionnaire with Cronbach's Alpha 0.82. Data analysis has been done through inferential statistical method (Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test, structural equation modeling, combination of detention analysis, multivariate regression, correlation coefficient and path analysis) through SPSS and Amos version 22. The research findings show three types of cultural capitals that are institutional cultural capital; objective cultural capital and embodiment cultural capital. Some components of embodiment of cultural capital and some habitus such as interest in studying books other than textbooks, interest in art, voluntary presence in scientific communities, attention to literature and cultural fames, going to museum, cinema, festivals, artistic activities and sport are not desired among the families of students. Thus, it is essential to promote the cultural capital of Iranian families for improvement of mental and cultural capabilities of their children.
    Keywords: Embodiment cultural capital, Objective cultural capital, Institutional cultural capital, Social field, Iranian families
  • Baharak Hamedi, Aliakbar Saif, Alireza Kiamanesh Pages 31-44
    In this study, the effectiveness of training close reading has been evaluated on reducing exam anxiety (reducing Social Credit, cognitive barriers and tension mode) of female students in the 8th grade. The research method was an experimental type. The statistical population of the research was female students of the 5th district of Tehran who was studying at the eighth grade during 2016-2017. The research sample included 40 students who were selected by cluster sampling method and they were randomly replaced in two groups. The fundamental techniques of close reading were trained to the experimental group in 8 sessions, while, the control group did not receive these trainings during this period. Then, anxiety exam was taken from the experimental group and controlling the anxiety of the above exam after the test. The results analyzed by using covariance analysis test (ANCOVA). Results showed that there was a significant difference (P≤0.05) between the experimental and control groups. Therefore, using close reading can lead to the reduction in exam anxiety.
    Keywords: Close reading, Exam anxiety, Reducing social credit, Cognitive barriers, Tension mode
  • Abolfazl Karami, Mohmmad Sadegh Mahdavi*, Mostafa Azkia Pages 45-52
    In this article, the role of cultural capital in strengthening social trust in Iran has been studied. Social trust is one of the most important components of social development. It is one of the important aspects of social relations. Cultural capital, which is an indicator of cultural development, is used objectively and the scientific and cultural qualities of a person can affect social trust. The research approach in this study is descriptive-causal and has been conducted in a cross-sectional and temporal manner. The statistical population includes women and men over 18 years of age in Zanjan. Findings showed that there is a relatively high correlation between cultural capital and social trust and this correlation is statistically significant. Household income showed a negative relationship with social trust, so that by increasing the income level of families, their level of social trust was reduced. But there was a positive and direct correlation between the education of citizens and their parents' education and social trust, as the level of education and also literacy of individuals increased social trust. Similarly, the results of regression analysis showed that the variables of cultural capital, income and education of the individual and responsible parents were 64 percent of the total dependent variable variation, but the share of the main variable of the research, namely, cultural capital, in this explanation was 33 percent.
    Keywords: Social Trust, Generalized trust, Cultural capital, Visualized capital
  • Maryam Kaviani, Mokarameh Hamidi Pages 53-60
    Education, by regarding the social and critical elements can be traced back to the 20th century. Critical pedagogy was started out of the need of reforming education in a way that it would acknowledge the influence of the present social and political elements in each and every educational context. Some critical theorists applied ideas in critical theories to education in the society. In this regard, social pedagogy describes a holistic and relationship-centered way of working in care and educational settings with people across the course of their lives. In actual fact politically and socially engaged critiques of power in everyday life, communities, and institutions are exactly what are needed to develop critical and social pedagogies in language education. This paper aims to study descriptively about the sociological effect of critical and social pedagogy on young learners' English education.
    Keywords: Young learner, Social pedagogy, Critical pedagogy, Education
  • Farzad Mahmoudi Largani, Davood Mashhadi Heidar, Seyyed Jalal Alavian Pages 61-70
    As a social-psychological phenomenon, language learning involves several factors. The two significant factors that attracted scholars’ attention recently are ethnicity and social attitude toward L2. Taking in to account this issue, the present study sought to investigate the relationship between Gilak ethnic identity, social attitude toward foreign language, and L2 proficiency. Using purposive sampling, 109 BA students (both male and female) majoring in the fields of English literature and Translation were selected from two branches of Islamic Azad University in Gilan province, Iran. The age of the participants ranged from 19 to 24. Three instruments including the TOEFL Test, General Ethnicity Questionnaire, and Attitudes towards Foreign Language Learning Scale were used for the purpose of data collection. The results of Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions revealed that there was no significant correlation between learner’s social attitude towards L2 and their ethnic identity. Moreover, the results of the study indicated that from among the two variables, learners’ social attitude had significant effect on learners’ L2 proficiency.
    Keywords: Gilak Ethnicity, Young, attitude, Language Proficiency
  • Esmaeil Pouladi, Esmaeil Jahanbakhsh, Asghar Mohammadi Pages 71-84
    The purpose of this study is to explain the impact of family upbringing patterns on couples' common life relationships and behaviors sociologically. The statistical population of this study was couples in Farashband, a county in Fars Province. The sample size of the study was, estimated using the Cochran formula, 372 persons and in fact 186 couples. The research method was survey and data were collected through a questionnaire. The results of the study showed that there was a significant and direct relationship between independent variables with dependent variable. Multiple regression analysis also showed that independent variables explain 16.9% of dependent variable variance.
    Keywords: Couples, Family upbringing, Intimacy, Religious orientation, Parenting style