فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:28 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/23
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Fateme Amiri Simkoii*, Anahita Masoumpoor, Azam Shirinabadi, Farahani, Bagher Pahlevanzadeh Pages 1-8
    Introduction

    Nurses are as the most important health care providers who require extensive knowledge and skills in this field. Despite the high importance of the issue, our knowledge of the current status of clinical performance and levels of nursing skills in the neonatal intensive care units is very low. The present study was done with the aim of determining the status of clinical performance of neonatal nurses in the NICU.

    Methods

    The present research is a descriptive study, through which the clinical performances of 96 neonatal nurses were observed in eight areas. Data collection was done using a researcher-made Scale. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 21.

    Results

    The neonatal nurses’ clinical performances were acceptable (69.74%) in all the areas which includes vital signs control, daily cares, respiratory cares, infants feed, vessels' access, medicine prescription, phototherapy and using required equipment for neonates (such as warmer, Infusion pump, Defibrillator, Incubator, Ventilator and Phototherapy).The highest and lowest practices were assessed in the fields of infant nutrition (84.11%) and equipment utilized (51.93%), respectively.

    Conclusions

    The nursing skills in the study areas seems within an acceptable range, which could be due to the NICU nurses’ interests in this field. In order to improve the performance of nurses in areas where there is a weakness, we suggest considering the importance of these care and disadvantages due to negligence.Keywords:Health Personnel, Nurses, Neonatal, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal

    Keywords: Evaluation, clinical performance, nurses of NICUs
  • Soodabeh Darvish*, Saeed Sadeghian, Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Reza Mohebi Pages 9-13
    Introduction

    There is a sex discrepancy in cardiovascular physiology. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of female reproductive factors on coronary artery disease (CAD) beyond the known CAD risk factors.

    Methods

    In a case-control study, women referred to Tehran Heart Center for coronary artery angiography from 2012 to 2014 were enrolled. Of these, 80 premenopausal and 100 postmenopausal females with CAD in angiography were randomly selected as cases and 80 premenopausal and 100 postmenopausal females without CAD in angiography were selected as controls. A questionnaire including reproductive history and known CAD risk factors was filled for every subject. Analysis was performed separately for pre and postmenopausal women and a final adjustment for coronary artery disease risk factors was done.

    Results

    Among reproductive factors, oligomenorrhea (OR= 6.72) was a significant risk factor for CAD in premenopausal women and history of oral contraceptive (OCP) use had a protective effect on CAD in pre and postmenopausal woman (OR= 0.24 and 0.20, respectively).

    Conclusions

    Since oligomenorrhea has a strong association with insulin resistance and diabetes, a conventional risk factor of CAD, women with oligomenorrhea should be treated not only for cyclic irregularity but also for prevention of CAD.Keywords:Coronary Artery Disease, Contraceptives, Oral, Oligomenorrhea

    Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Contraceptives, Oral Oligomenorrhea
  • Fatemeh Nemati*, Amirhosein Maali, Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi, Hoda Poorkarim, Hanieh Rahmani, Zahra Sadat Tabatabaei, Mehdi Azad Pages 14-18
    Introduction

    Supplying blood and blood products, maintenance, transfer and injection of each component have its own specific process. Therefore, those responsible must at least have the awareness that relates to the transfusion medicine. The safety and effectiveness of blood transfusion depend on the knowledge and skills of nurses, who have taken the responsibility. The aim of this study is to assess the educational needs of nurses in the field of blood transfusion that leads to creating a good medical process for nurses in clinical departments of hospitals.

    Methods

    In this cross-sectional study, 124 nurses who participated in, were selected through random sampling in Qazvin hospitals in 1396. A questionnaire including 25 questions was used to evaluate the knowledge and performance of their awareness of different aspects of blood medicine, including maintenance, transferring, injection and post blood transfusion reactions. The scores of knowledge and performance encoded in three levels: low, medium, and good. Data analysis and correlation of variance were performed by using the software SPSS version 20.

    Results

    Research results showed that most of the subjects are in the age group 20-30 years (68.7%) and females (93%) and have a bachelor's degree in nursing (95.6%). Results showed that the mean score of knowledge was 9.58±2.13, and score range was 9 (between 3 to 12). The mean score of performance was 38.96±2.17, with range 10 (scores were between 30 to 40). The analysis of variance used to examine the relationship. The results suggested that there was a significant relationship between performance and knowledge of subjects (P<0.05).

    Conclusions

    According to this study, nurse’s knowledge level and awareness of blood transfusion are the media. Therefore, training, managers controlling and supervision programs seem to be necessary due to the great importance of the blood transfusion process and threaten the safety of patients. So, we recommend that this issue must be seriously included in academic courses and retraining in the field of blood transfusion, according to the latest available standards at the time of the nurse’s employment.Keywords:Knowledge, Blood Transfusion, Nurses

    Keywords: knowledge, performance, blood transfusion, Nurses
  • Hajar Beirami*, Hadi Rezghi Shirsavar Pages 19-22
    Introduction

    The present study was conducted to assess the effect of nursing students' employment on their academic success in the School of Nursing and Midwifery of Medical Sciences University.

    Methods

    In the present descriptive correlational study, the statistical population comprised all 1521 students of School of Nursing and Midwifery of ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2016-17. Sampling was performed by proportional stratified random method. Using Cochran equation, sample size was determined 309 students. Data were collected using demographic and academic success questionnaire and analyzed in SPSS-18.

    Results

    The results showed that academic achievement has relationships with gender, marital status, and employment status of student, their spouse’semployment status and education, marital life, family housing, appropriate studying setting, and job relevance with academic discipline. According to logistic regression test, variables such as gender, marital status, spouse's education and marital life were able to predict academic achievement.

    Conclusions

    Personal and family status are highly effective on students' academic achievement.Keywords:Students, Health Occupations, Educational Status

    Keywords: Students, Health Occupations, Educational Status
  • Feryal Esnaashari, Tahereh Fathi Najafi*, Nasrin Razmkhah, Mehri Ardakani Pages 23-28
    Introduction

    Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is one of the standardized and accepted methods for the certification of undergraduate midwifery in the world. OSCE is a type of examination often used in health sciences (e.g. midwifery), which is designed to test clinical skill performance and competence in skills such as clinical examination, medical procedures / prescription, exercise prescription, manipulation techniques. The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of midwifery students’ performance before the final exam through the OSCE method in Islamic Azad University of Mashhad.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study was conducted in the summer of 1396 on 75 midwifery students before entering the final exam. Checklists for evaluation of skills were analyzed by the experts’ panel to increase the validity of checklists. For examining the reliability of the exam in studied population, the spilt-half method was used. Evaluation of the quality of students’ performance in various areas of pregnancy and childbirth, gynecological diseases, maternal and child health and they were carried out at three levels of diagnosis, decision making and therapeutic interventions. The exam was also carried out in 12 sections along with a rest one.

    Results

    75 volunteers were divided equally according existing stations. 89/3% were under the age of 25 years old 48% were single and 52% were married. The average score was calculated, when the students were able to answer 50% of the items in each domain. If the volunteer answered more than 50% of the items, she would be in good shape, while the volunteer answered fewer than 50% of the items, she would be weak. The performance of midwifery students was moderate and good at all stations except for Pap smear in gynecology domain, fetal health evaluation in pregnancy and childbirth domain, and Vaccination in maternal and child health domain. (PV<0.848, PV<0.666, PV<0.711 respectively both diagnosis and decision making level.

    Conclusions

    Since the OSCE examines the strengths and weaknesses of students, this study indicated that weakness of midwifery students of Mashhad Azad University lied in some important areas such as, fetal health evaluation, Pap smear and Vaccination which should be more considered and emphasized on by the instructors and educational planners.

    Keywords: Objective Structured, Clinical Examination, Midwifery Students, Quality of Functional
  • Maryam Kazemi* Pages 29-32
    Introduction

    Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic disease of the central nervous system in which myelin damage occurs locally. This study was conducted to predict the mental health of patients with MS regarding cognitive integration and psychological resilience.

    Methods

    In a correlational-descriptive study, all people with MS disease in the west of Iran in 2015 were studied. Hundred people were selected from medical and clinical centers by using easy sampling method. They filled out acceptance and action of Bond et al (2011), cognitive incongruity Gillanders et al (2014), mental health (GHQ-12) and Demographic Information Sheet questionnaires. Pearson correlation factor and regression efficiency factor were used to analyze data with SPSS V. 22 software.

    Results

    The results showed that mental health has a negative correlation with psychological integration (r=-0.438, P<0.001) and positive significant correlation with psychological resilience (r=0.487, P<0.001). Regression analysis showed that 24.3% of mental health variance factor is predicted by psychological resilience (P<0.001).

    Conclusions

    According to the results, information and knowledge could be provided by holding training courses to increase psychological resilience, so that mental health of MS patients would be provided.Keywords:Mental Health, Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Disease

    Keywords: Mental Health, Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Disease
  • Masoumeh Namdar, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi*, Foroozan Atashzadeh, Shoorideh, Maliheh Nasiri Pages 33-38
    Introduction

    Nurses as the largest group among the healthcare staff sustain continual environmental pressures and changes. Hence, the incidence of conflict among nurses is something normal due to extensive interactions with various people. Managers can make the organizational activity more effective and efficient by the use of innovative leadership styles based on internal motivation and appropriate management of conflict. This study determined the correlation between spiritual leadership and occupational conflict of nurses employed at selected academic hospitals affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2017.

    Methods

    287 nurses employed at various wards of academic hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, were enrolled in this descriptive-correlational study using convenient sampling method. The data were collected using two questionnaires; “Spiritual Leadership” and “Occupational Conflict” and analyzed with SPSS.18.

    Results

    261 nurses completed questionnaires and resend them. The findings showed that the maximum score obtained by nurses about their head nurse’s spiritual leadership style belonged to “altruistic love” (14.46 out of 25). In addition, the highest score about their occupational conflict belonged to “interclass conflict” (10.98 out of 16). Generally, there was a significant correlation between spiritual leadership and occupational conflict (P<0.001, r=0.522).

    Conclusions

    The findings on the correlation between the nurses’ perspectives about spiritual leadership and occupational conflict indicated that the application of innovative styles such as spiritual leadership to reduce nurses’ occupational conflict in the Iranian healthcare system demands more investigations. It can serve as the managers’ guide in choosing the most effective leadership style to diminish occupational conflict among nurses and reach the highest levels of outcomes in the organization.Keywords:Nurses, Hospitals, Nursing Care

    Keywords: Nurses, Hospitals, Nursing Care
  • Mohammad Reza Yavari*, Soraya Zarrini Pages 39-45
    Introduction

    There have been numerous researches carried out in the field of organizational health with the aim of identifying ways to counteract the negative effects of stress. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between spiritual experiences and organizational commitment with the perceived stress of the staff of the Tehran Oil Hospital.

    Methods

    The research population of all Tehran Nursing Hospital nursing staff was stratified randomly based on the formula for determining the sample population in 2017. For data collection, standardized questionnaires were used to measure each variable and the extracted data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software.

    Results

    Statistical analysis of the research data showed that there was a significant relationship between spiritual experiences and its components such as meaningful work, sense of correlation and alignment of values, and the pillars of the organizational commitment such as emotional commitment, continuous commitment and normative commitment with perceived stress at a significant level of P<0.05. According to the results of regression with multivariate correlation coefficient for linear combination of variables of spiritual experiences (work with meaning, sense of correlation and values alignment), organizational commitment and perceived stress were equal to MR =35.70and RS =0.19,Which is significant at P<0.0001.

    Conclusions

    The results of this study showed that the spiritual experiences of employees have a positive and significant relationship with organizational commitment and reducing perceived stress. In other words, those with high spirituality feel less stress and more organizational commitment.Keywords:Perceived Stress, Organizational Commitment, Spiritual Experiences, Nurses

    Keywords: Perceived Stress, Organizational Commitment, Spiritual Experiences, Nurses
  • Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Fatemeh Najafi*, Leila Mardanian Dehkordi Page 46

    The concept of photovoice was at first invented in 1997, it is a visual participatory tool to collect data in qualitative studies that was widely used in different countries and various health issues [1, 2]. It employs contributors to take photograph of a subject of concern, critically reflecting on the subject, and yields solutions for these problems [3]. In this method of data collection, cameras are provided to contributors in order to share their facts, stories, and target commonplace issues in their lives [4]. It’s also been used to express needs, history, culture, problems and desires [5].