فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:15 Issue: 4, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/09/04
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • M. Fallah Tafti , M. Sedighi , R. Hashemi * Pages 1-10
    In this study, the microstructural variations, mechanical properties and forming limit diagrams (FLD) of Al 2024 aluminum alloy sheet with the thickness of 0.81mm are investigated during natural ageing (T4) treatment. The most formability in Al 2024 can be achieved just after solution treatment, and it is better to perform the forming process, on this aluminum alloy sheet, in this condition. However, in industrial applications, there is usually a postponement for some hours after solution treatment to begin the forming process that it means the forming process should be done at the natural ageing condition. This condition decreases the formability of Al 2024 sheets. To monitor the properties variations in natural ageing condition, FLDs are determined after specific times (e.g., 0.5, 1.5, 4 and 24 hours). The variations in micro-hardness, yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation at break are observed with changing the ageing time. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) investigations illustrated that density and size of precipitates are changed with ageing time. Moreover, the Nakazima test is utilized to study the forming limits considering the natural ageing condition. Results show by increasing the ageing time, up to 4hr, the majority of properties variations could be seen, and from 4hr to 24hr, the variations are changed slower
    Keywords: Aluminum alloys, Natural aging, Solution, Forming limit diagrams
  • N. Maragani*, K. Vijaya Kumar Pages 11-18
    An attempt has been focused to develop a new aluminum ion conducting non aqueous polymer electrolyte for high power rechargeable batteries having applications in rapidly growing markets, such as laptops, handy tele communication equipments, electric vehicles, camcorders, etc. These features have given a thrust to develop a suitable Nano composite GPE based on PAN as polymer host and Sodium fluoride (NaF) as dopant salt and Al2O3 as nano filler in the form of thin films through solution casting technique consuming N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) as a common solvent. NCGPE films have been prepared by solution casting technique. The XRD pattern of 70PAN-30NaF with addition of wt% Al2O3 ceramic filler indicates reducing degree of crystallinity. Using IR studies revealed that the complexation of the polymer poly (acrylonitrle) with NaF. The conductivity of the GPEs was studied with enhancement of nano fillers. The sample containing 3% of Al2O3 exhibits the highest conductivity of 4.82x10-3S cm-1 at room temperature (303K) and 5.96x10-3S cm-1 at 378K. With the help of Wagner’s polarization technique electronic (te) and ionic (ti) values can be determined.To determine profiles of discharge characteristics (70PAN-30NaF-3wt% Al2O3) NCGPE solid-state electrochemical cell was fabricated and various cell profiles were evaluated
    Keywords: NCGPE, Solvent casting procedure, Discharge Characteristics, Electrochemical Cell Applications
  • M.R. Tavakoli Shoushtari , M. Goodarzi*, H. Sabet Pages 19-32
    In this study, the microstructure, hardness, and dry sliding wear behavior of the hardfaced layers made by a cored wire Fe-B-C-Ti alloy were investigated. St37 steel was used as the substrate and the deposition of the hardfaced layers was conducted by the flux cored arc welding (FCAW) process under single-, two-, and three-pass conditions. Dry sliding wear tests were performed by a pin-on-disk apparatus, based on ASTM-G99, at room temperature (250C) at the normal applied loads of 50, 100, and 150 N with a constant speed of 0.08 m/s for a sliding distance of 1000 m. The microstructural and phase analyses were carried out by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The results showed that the hardfaced layer produced by the single-pass process contains TiC rectangular phase distributed within a matrix containing ferrite and the eutectic of (α-Fe2B). But, the hardfaced layers produced by the two- and three-pass process contain TiB2 hexagonal phase in addition to TiC, which prevents the formation of detrimental FeB phase around Fe2B and reduces the number of micro-cracks. Moreover, the sample hardfaced by the three-pass process had the best wear resistance due to the greater hardness resulted from the higher amounts of TiC and TiB2 phases. In addition, increasing the number of passes has led to the reduction of wear rate at all the three applied loads. At the applied load of 100 N, the wear mechanism for the all three hardfaced samples was an oxidation wear. However, at the applied load of 150 N, the wear mechanism was a combination of oxidation and delamination.
    Keywords: Hardfacing, FCAW, Fe-B-C-Ti, sliding wear, TiB2, TiC
  • G. Chandraprabha*, T. Sankarappa , T. Sujatha Pages 33-40
    Polythiophene (PTh) and cobalt nanoparticles (Co-nps) were prepared by chemical oxidation and modified polyol processes respectively. Composites were made by mixing them in the proportions, PTh1-xCox; x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5. Morphology of the samples has been studied by SEM technique. Dielectric properties with temperature and frequency as variables were investigated. Dielectric constant and loss factor decreased with frequency and increased with temperature. AC conductivity was estimated from the dielectric data. Ac conductivity decreased with increase of Co-nps in the composites which indicates that electrically insulating effect has been induced by Co-nps. Small polaron hopping mechanism is found to be the conduction mechanism operated. Activation energy for ac conduction decreased with increase of frequency and weight percent of Co-nps in the composites. Electric modulus was determined and its analysis leads to the estimation of dielectric relaxation time. Relaxation time decreased with increase of temperature for all the five composites. For the first time PTh-Co nanocomposites have been reported for dielectric properties and ac conductivity as a function of frequency and temperature
    Keywords: Polythiophene, cobalt, conductivity, electric modulus, relaxation time
  • M. Abbasalizadeh , R. Hasanzadeh*, Z. Mohamadian , T. Azdast , M. Rostami Pages 41-51
    Shrinkage is one of the most important defects of injection molded plastic parts. Injection molding processing parameters have a significant effect on shrinkage of the produced parts. In the present study, the effect of different injection parameters on volumetric shrinkage of two polymers (high-density polyethylene (HDPE) semi-crystalline thermoplastics and polycarbonate (PC) as a representative of amorphous thermoplastics) was studied. Samples under different processing conditions according to a L27 orthogonal array of Taguchi experimental design approach were injected. Effect of material crystallinity on the shrinkage of injected samples was investigated. Obtained results revealed that semi-crystalline thermoplastics have larger shrinkage values in comparison with amorphous thermoplastics. Shrinkages of injected samples were also studied along and across the flow directions. Results showed that the flow path can dramatically affect the shrinkage of semi-crystalline thermoplastics. However for amorphous thermoplastics, results showed an independency of obtained shrinkage to flow direction. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results illustrated that cooling time was the most effective parameter on shrinkage for both PE and PC injected samples; followed by injection temperature as the second important parameter. The optimum conditions to minimize shrinkage of injection molded samples are also achieved using signal to noise ratio (S/N) analysis
    Keywords: Shrinkage, Polymers, Thermoplastic, Injection molding, Optimization, Taguchi approach
  • M. Gholami , M. Divandari * Pages 52-61
    Centrifugal casting process, in both horizontal and vertical mode, is considered as an efficient method to produce bimetallic components. Al/Cu65Zn35 couples were prepared by the vertical centrifugal casting process. In this study, different volume of molten aluminum having melt-to-solid (m/s) volume ratios (VR) of 1.5 and 2.5, were cast into preheated brass bush rotating at 800, 1600, and 2000 (rpm), respectively. The thickness of the interface, which is composed of three different zones, is depended on the rotational speed and the (VR) and was at least 490µm (at VR=1.5 and 2000 rpm) and at most 1480 µm (at VR=2.5 and 800 rpm). The results of optical microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the interface layers are composed of Al2Cu5Zn4, Al3Cu3Zn, Al2Cu precipitates dispersed in the matrix and finally α-Al/Al2Cu anomalous eutectic structure near the aluminum side. Gas pore entrapment and oxide film entrainment defect was detected within the interface next to the aluminum base metal
    Keywords: Bimetallic Components, Centrifugal Casting, Casting Defects, Interface, Rotational Speed
  • S. Kord*, M. H. Siadati , M Alipour , H Amiri , P.G. Koppad , A. C. Gowda Pages 62-69
    The effects of rare earth element, erbium (Er) additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-15Zn-2.5Mg-2.5Cu alloy have been investigated. This new high strength alloy with erbium additions (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 wt%) was synthesized by liquid metallurgy route followed by hot extrusion. Microstructural characterization was performed using scanning electron microscope and electron probe microanalysis. Significant amount of grain refinement was observed with erbium addition in the hot extruded and heat treated alloy. Tensile test was performed to investigate the effect rare earth on mechanical behavior of alloy in as cast and hot extruded condition before and after T6 heat treatment. The combined effect of erbium addition, hot extrusion and heat treatment significantly enhanced the tensile strength of alloy (602 MPa) when compared to the as cast alloy without erbium addition (225 MPa). The strengthening of the alloy was attributed to grain refinement caused by erbium along with hot extrusion and formation of precipitates after T6 heat treatment. Fractograhic investigations revealed that the hot extruded alloy with erbium addition after heat treatment showed uniformly distributed deep dimples exhibiting ductile behavior
    Keywords: Casting, Extrusion, Rare earth, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties
  • A. Ait Yala*, N. Demouche , S. Beddek , K. Hamid Pages 70-77
    Repairing a crack in a structure consists in reducing crack’s tips stresses by transferring loads trough a bridge made of the composite patch and the adhesive. This operation is impacted by four factors: shear modulus of the adhesive, the composite patch’s Young module and the thicknesses of these two materials. The design of experiments method allowed us to determine, the weight of each of the four factors and their interactions as well their best combination to obtain an efficient and lasting repair. The constraints relative to the stiffness ratio and the shear strain were taken into consideration in order to determine the best configuration that allowed the minimization of K
    Keywords: crack, adhesive, composite patch, factors, repair