فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:5 Issue:3, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/10/30
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Pooneh Yousefi , Hossein Heshmati*, Rozita Heshmati , Fahimeh Farzad , Amir Ebrahimi Pages 1-8

    Introduction and aims:

    Such chronic diseases as tuberculosis have short term and long term effects on patients’ quality of life. Due to the hazardous consequences of disrupted quality of life, the present research aims to examine the quality of life along with the intensity of depression in patients suffering from tuberculosis hospitalized in Bandar Lengeh’s hospitals.

    Methods

    The present research was a cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted on patients suffering from tuberculosis who visited hospitals and the healthcare system in Bandar Lengeh in 2015. Census was the sampling method and 30 patients entered the study accordingly. In order to collect the data, demographic information questionnaire was used along with the Persian version of sf36 and Beck Depression Inventory. The collected data were analyzed using tests of correlation, independent-sample t-test as well as ANOVA.

    Results

    30 patients afflicted with tuberculosis whose average age was 38.0±14.1 years participated in this study. 53.3% of this sample were male while 46.7% were female. The range of the achieved scores was 59.70±21.69 for vitality domain and was 20.16±77.46 for the mental components. The total mean score of the quality of life was reported to be higher among men than women and was also higher among the single as compared to the married. According to Spearman test a significant negative correlation was found between the quality of life and patients’ depression (r=-.722).However, no statistically significant difference was reported (p>0.05).Statistical tests managed to find a significant negative correlation between these patients’ age and education level. No other significant correlation was found between the other variables in this study and the quality of life. Nevertheless, a significant negative correlation was observed between these patients’ quality of life and depression.

    Conclusions

    Tuberculosis affects different aspects of depression and the quality of life such as the physical, functional, contextual, ideological and moral aspects. Attending to these differences and the influential factors is essential in order to use healthcare programs to promote the quality of patients’ life. Effective healthcare services currently provided not only help to improve the disease and its symptoms but also improve different aspects of patients’ life which further highlights the importance of curing this disease

    Keywords: Quality of life, Depression, Tuberculosis
  • Sayed Alireza Mirsane*, Nasrin Oraei Pages 9-10

    Mentha and Dracocephalum members of plants in the Lamiales (1). Oils of Mentha Genus are most popular and widely used essential oils,because they have very important components of natural antioxidants .As well as Mentha extract have antioxidant and antimutagenic properties and activities ,because it contains α-tocopherol and Rosmarinic acid (2,3). Moreover, Dracocephalum have serious materials such as Luteolin ,Oleic acid , Ursolic acid and Flavonoids (4,5). Luteolin ,Oleic acid and Ursolic acid are members of chemicals family called Terpenoids . On the other hand, Propolis is a foodstuff and attention to it is very important and necessary because it has Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester(CAPE).It should be noted Propolis is a gummy admixture that honey bees produce via beeswax and mixing saliva with exudate prepared from flowers, tree buds and flower buds (6). Our goal is determination of Mentha, Dracocephalum and
    Propolis effects on the promotion and improvement of pancreatic and hepatic cells health. In researches results have been suggested that Flavonoids have good efficiency of biological and
    pharmacological activities such as ,antiinflammatory, anti-cancer and reducer of pancreatic cancer risk as well as results from in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that Terpenoids are
    candidates in the chemo-therapeutic way and chemo-preventive for liver cancer. (5,7,8). Scholars also explained that Rosmarinic acid is as a candidate for the liver fibrosis treatment and it has therapeutic role in acute pancreatitis (9,10).Also, α-tocopherol has salubrious efficacy in repairing and improving hepatic pathology(11). Furthermore, CAPE is able to decrease oxidative stress and hepatic and pancreatic injuries. It has notable ability for controlling and reduction for pancreatic cells injuries. CAPE can inhibit the development pancreatic cancer cells via
    Twist 2 expression downregulation (A tumor progression promoter) (12,13,14). Interestingly, according to the Holy Quran if bees via normal and natural way produce honey, this honey is a therapeutic foodstuff and also its other products are remedial materials (15). Due to this study we conclude that Mentha, Dracocephalum and Propolis are remedial foodstuffs. They have different efficiency and effective role in promotion and improvement of pancreatic and hepatic cells function and health so more attention to these important materials in various pharmaceutical fields is necessary. Cancer and disorders of Pancreas and liver are common in the worldwide. Unfortunately, Pancreatic cancer and hepatic cancer are seventh and second most
    common cause of cancer deaths, respectively (16). Hence, it was recommended to usage of these foodstuffs for sublimity social health, for example alcoholism is the one of main risk factor of these cancers and disorders so people can combat to these problems via alcohol consumption deletion and useage of health promoter foodstuffs such as Mentha, Dracocephalum and Propolis.
    Finally, further studies need to be conducted in this area for detection of more usefulness of Mentha, Dracocephalum and Propolis.

    Keywords: Mentha, Dracocephalum, Propolis, Pancreas, Liver
  • Sara Saniee , Armaghan Ghare Aghaji Zare * Pages 11-13

    Psoriasis and pemphigus vulgaris are two inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Their concomitant occurrence in one patient is very rare. We describe a 57-year-old patient with a history of severe plaque type psoriasis for 2 years. After a few months, he presented with disseminated bullae and mucosal erosions which were documented as pemphigus vulgaris. Both of the diseases were successfully controlled with rituximab, prednisolone and weekly methotrexate.

    Keywords: Psoriasis, Pemphigus Vulgaris, Rituximab
  • Asma Tab*, Zahra Atazadegan , Seyd Hasan Hosini Pages 14-19
    Introduction

    health is one the greatest blessings of great lord to people. many researches have been done that analyzed relation between prayer and health that most of them was about mental health. Physical health is a dimension of life that is importance and few researches have been done about it then in this article, we want study the relationship between pray and physical health among the in Hormozgan University of Medical Science, using the evaluation of dimension of Physical health in their lifestyle.

    Method

    in this cross-sectional study a number of 150 students of the nursing, midwifery and Paramedicine College in Hormozgan University of medical science were randomly analyzed. Data collection tool included to questionnaire of commitment to Islamic beliefs and questionnaire physical health.Pearson product-moment correlation were used for comparison between age and saying prayer, saying prayer with physical health, relation between various variables, calling for prayer, attention in prayer and physical health, physical resistance, disease status.

    Results

    150 people with the average age of 21±2.64 were examined 48% of the population were men and 52% of them were women which 12.7% were married and 87.3% were single. There is relation between interest, calling for prayer and attention in prayer with physical health but there is no relation between variables like interest on saying prayer, calling for prayer and attention in saying prayer and physical resistance.

    Conclusion

    according to the results of the study, status of praying and physical health among the students is fine but since this study states the positive effect of praying on physical health, more efforts must be done for trending up students to pray and importance of praying will be understood by them.

    Keywords: Praying, Physical health, Nursing
  • Zahra Atazadegan Jahromi , Nasrin Davari Dolatabadi , Zahra Jabbare Naserou * Pages 20-25
    Introduction

    Instruction is a policy of accessing human resources and a way of developing human resources for organizations. Research has always been an instrument for material and moral progress. Such activities as holding research workshops in different universities has been considered as a strategy of promoting students’ research capabilities. The present research investigates the effectiveness of the Diploma-InResearch course on students’ awareness and practice of research.

    Method

    The present applied research was of descriptive, cross-sectional type and was conducted in 2015 on all students participating in the Diploma-In-Research training course. The sampling method was census. 91 subjects participated in this research. The instrument used was a likert-type questionnaire developed by the researcher. The content validity of the questionnaire was established by a number of professors and experts in the field of education and research. Reliability of the questionnaire was checked through test-retest method.

    Results

    From among the 91 student participants of this study, 72 were female (79.1%) and the rest were male. Among all research activities, the highest rate of performance belonged respectively to articles (71.4%), research projects (31.9%) andconference participation (12.2%). According to investigations conducted on student participants’ awareness of and attitude towards the key factors of research, the majority of subjects (67.1%) had a positive attitude.

    Conclusion

    Overall, the results of the present research showed that students’ research-oriented awareness and performance was raised after attending the training course.During this course we didn't asked to any student for research activities such as writing proposals and papers(articles).Do any of this practical research activities are held after each workshop maybe increase the knowledge and attitude of students to be more favorable rate Hence it is recommended, research activities used as part of the research methods in the students educational programs.

    Keywords: Diploma-In-Research course, awareness
  • Hosna Shadman*, Zahra Atazadegan , Hossein Sharafi Pages 25-32

    Introduction and

    aims

    Occupational burnout is a syndrome including emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, self-efficacy and involvement. Medical staff are susceptible to occupational burnout due to physical, mental and emotional stress. The present research aims to investigate the operation room staff’s burnout in Shahid Mohammadi hospital of Bandar Abbas.

    Methods

    In this descriptive/analytical research, the sample size was 150 subjects working in the operation room of Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas. They were selected through a convenience. They then received the data gathering instrument which was a questionnaire of demographic information and Maslach burnout inventory. In Maslach inventory, the rating of each dimension of burnout is measured including: emotional exhaustion (score range 0-54), depersonalization (0-30), self-efficacy (0-48) and obsession (0-18). The inventory is rated in a likert-scale. The data were finally analyzed using SPSS-17.

    Results

    The mean scores found were as the following: 14.49 for emotional exhaustion (low), 5.75 for depersonalization (low), 32.61 for selfefficacy (moderate) and 4.35 for obsession (low). There was a statistically significant correlation in terms of emotional exhaustion between age(P=0.032) and sex(0.017) variables and between obsession and marital status(P=0.003). Emotional exhaustion was found to be higher among men than women, and was found to be higher in the 20-30 age group than others. Moreover, the married were found to be more obsessed than the single.

    Conclusions

    A low level of occupational burnout was found in the present research as compared to others. Therefore, authorities should make attempts to prevent occupational burnout.

    Keywords: Occupational burnout, Maslach inventory, Operation room personnel, Shahid Mohammadi hospital
  • Fazilat Pour Ashouri , Hossein Hamadiyan , Afshin Parvizpanah , Sepehr Rasekhi * Pages 33-36

    Studies testing the relationship between autonomic nervous system function as indexed by low resting heart rate and antisocial behavior have found that low resting heart rate is positively correlated with a wide range of antisocial behavior measures. The aim of this review was to assess the influence of heart rate (HR) level and HR variability (HRV) on the relationship between behavioral variables such as community violence (CV) exposure with proactive and reactive aggression. The explanations can be organized around two main causal mechanisms. In the first, low autonomic arousal (low resting heart rate) is a marker for psychological states that lead to increased antisocial behavior. In the second, physiological characteristics cause both low autonomic arousal (low resting heart rate) and increased antisocial behavior. In respect of hypotheses, we discuss these results in the context of the ‘fearlessness’ and ‘sensation seeking’ hypotheses. Our results offer an initial suggestion that biological characteristics are related to constructs that play central roles in behavioral actions. The results supported the suggestion that there is an association between cognitive function and HR/HRV.

    Keywords: Resting Heart Rate, Antisocial, Behavior
  • Armaghan Ghareaghaji Zare*, Effat Khodayiani , Sara Saniee , Shahla Talghini Pages 37-43
    Introduction

    cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in pathogenesis of various tumors and possibly malignant skin tumors including malignant melanoma; however, there is not enough information about COX-2 expression in benign melanocytic lesions. In the present study we compared the expression levels of COX-2 in malignant melanoma and benign melanocytic lesions.

    Method

    In this analytical study, 42 malignant melanoma from all 4 subtypes and 38 benign melanocytic lesions including dysplastic nevus, Spitz nevus and atypical nevus were evaluated for COX-2 expression using immunohistochemistry staining and intensity of cell staining (quantitatively and qualitatively).

    Results

    Malignant melanoma compared to benign melanocytic lesions had significantly higher levels of staining (p<0.001), and much more intense coloration (p<0.001) and higher overall staining score (p<0.001). Regarding the COX2 staining between malignant melanoma subtypes, all four subtypes mostly had staining intensity over 60%. Also in terms of quality, the most intense staining was in the ALM ,and LM and NM had moderate staining intensity. With increasing depth of involvement, Cox2 staining increases. Intensity of cell staining was also higher in cases with tumor depth of 2-4 mm.

    Conclusion

    The results indicates the effectiveness of COX2 in differentiating between malignant melanoma and benign melanocytic lesions. COX2 expression correlated with the depth of invasion. Although COX2 alone can not be used to differentiate melanoma from benign lesions, it can be helpful in combination with other methods,in determining the prognosis and future targeted therapies.

    Keywords: Cycloxygenase-2, Malignant melanoma, Benign melanocytic lesion, Immunohistochemistry