فهرست مطالب
 Volume:13 Issue: 1, 2019
 تاریخ انتشار: 1397/12/20
 تعداد عناوین: 15

Pages 115In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of fixed points for mappings with respect to a wt distance in bmetric spaces endowed with a graph. Our results are significant, since we replace the condition of continuity of mapping with the condition of orbitally Gcontinuity of mapping and we consider bmetric spaces with graph instead of b metric spaces, under which can be generalized, improved, enriched and unified a number of recently announced results in the existing literature. Additionally, we elicit all of our main results by a nontrivial example and pose an interesting two open problems for the enthusiastic readers.Keywords: bmetric space, wtdistance, Fixed point, Orbitally Gcontinuous mapping

Pages 1730In this paper, we discuss and extend some recent common fixed point results established by using φ− weakly contractive mappings. A very important step in the development of the fixed point theory was given by A.H. Ansari by the introduction of a C−class function. Using C− class functions, we generalize some known fixed point results. This type of functions is a very important class of functions which contains almost all known type contraction starting from 1922. year, respectively from famous Banach contraction principle. Three common fixed point theorems for four mappings are presented. The obtained results generalizes several existing ones in literature.We finally propose three open problems.Keywords: Common fixed point, ?weakly contractive conditions, Complete metric space, Weakly compatible mappings, Cclass function

Pages 3150In this paper, we define the concepts of modified intuitionistic probabilistic metric spaces, the property (E.A.) and the common property (E.A.) in modified intuitionistic probabilistic metric spaces. Then, by the common property (E.A.), we prove some common fixed point theorems in modified intuitionistic Menger probabilistic metric spaces satisfying an implicit relation.Keywords: Modified intuitionistic probabilistic Menger metric space, Property (E.A.), Common property (E.A.)

Pages 5165In this paper, linear secondorder differential equations of SturmLiouville type having a finite number of singularities and turning points in a finite interval are investigated. First, we obtain the dual equations associated with the SturmLiouville equation. Then, we prove the uniqueness theorem for the solutions of dual initial value problems.Keywords: SturmLiouville equation, Singular points, Turning points, Dual equations

Pages 6781In this paper, the notion of generalized regular fuzzy irresolute, generalized regular fuzzy irresolute open and generalized regular fuzzy irresolute closed maps in fuzzy topological spaces are introduced and studied. Moreover, some separation axioms and rGRFseparated sets are established. Also, the relations between generalized regular fuzzy continuous maps and generalized regular fuzzy irresolute maps are investigated. As a natural followup of the study of rgeneralized regular fuzzy open sets, the concept of rgeneralized regular fuzzy connectedness of a fuzzy set is introduced and studied.Keywords: Generalized regular fuzzy irresolute, Generalized regular fuzzy irresolute open, Generalized regular fuzzy irresolute closed mapping, r FRCOT1, rFRCOT2, rGRFT1, rGRFT2, rFRCOregular, rFRCOnormal, Strongly GRFregular, strongly GRFnormal, rGRFseparated sets, rGRFconnectedness

Pages 8392Let Cbe a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Banach space E, let B:C→E be a nonlinear map, and let u,v be positive numbers. In this paper, we show that the generalized variational inequality VI(C,B) is singleton for (u,v)cocoercive mappings under appropriate assumptions on Banach spaces. The main results are extensions of the Saeidi's Propositions for finding a unique solution of the variational inequality for (u,v)cocoercive mappings in Banach spaces.Keywords: Variational inequality, Nonexpansive mapping, $(u, v)$cocoercive mapping, Metric projection, Sunny nonexpansive retraction

Pages 93100In this paper, we first derive some results by using the Gelfand spectrum and spectrum in FLM algebras. Then, the characterizations of multiplicative linear mappings are also discussed in these algebras.Keywords: Fundamental topological algebra, FLM algebra, Spectrum, Multiplicative linear functional

Pages 101114In this paper, KolmogorovSinai entropy is studied using mathematical modeling of an observer Θ. The relative entropy of a subσΘalgebra having finite atoms is defined and then the ergodic properties of relative semidynamical systems are investigated. Also, a relative version of KolmogorovSinai theorem is given. Finally, it is proved that the relative entropy of a relative Θmeasure preserving transformations with respect to a relative subσΘ algebra having finite atoms is affine.Keywords: Relative entropy, Relative semidynamical system, m?equivalence, m?generator, $ (Theta1 Theta2) $isomorphism

Pages 115127In this article, a class of convergent series based on Fibonacci sequence is introduced for which there is a golden ratio (i.e. 1+5√2), with respect to convergence analysis. A class of sequences are at first built using two consecutive numbers of Fibonacci sequence and, therefore, new sequences have been used in order to introduce a new class of series. All properties of the sequences and related series are illustrated in the work by providing the details including sequences formula, related theorems, proofs and convergence analysis of the series.Keywords: Fibonacci numbers, Golden Ratio, Convergence analysis

Pages 129139In this paper, we design some iterative schemes for solving operator equation Lu=f , where L:H→H is a bounded, invertible and selfadjoint operator on a separable Hilbert space H . In this concern, Richardson and Chebyshev iterative methods are two outstanding as well as longstanding ones. They can be implemented in different ways via different concepts. In this paper, these schemes exploit the almost recently developed notion of gframes which result in modified convergence rates compared with early computed ones in corresponding classical formulations. In fact, these convergence rates are formed by the lower and upper bounds of the given gframe. Therefore, we can determine any convergence rate by considering an appropriate gframe.Keywords: Hilbert space, gframe, Operator equation, Iterative method, Chebyshev polynomials

Pages 141152In 2006, Espinola and Kirk made a useful contribution on combining fixed point theory and graph theory. Recently, Reich and Zaslavski studied a new inexact iterative scheme for fixed points of contractive and nonexpansive multifunctions. In this paper, by using the main idea of their work and the idea of combining fixed point theory on intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces and graph theory, we present some iterative scheme results for G fuzzy contractive and G fuzzy nonexpansive mappings on graphs.Keywords: Fixed point, Intuitionistice fuzzy metric space, Connected graph, Gfuzzy contractive, Gfuzzy nonexpansive

Pages 153163We offer a new definition of ε orthogonality in normed spaces, and we try to explain some properties of which. Also we introduce some types of εorthogonality in an arbitrary C∗algebra A, as a Hilbert C∗module over itself, and investigate some of its properties in such spaces. We state some results relating rangekernel orthogonality in C∗ algebras.Keywords: Approximate orthogonality, BirkhoffJames orthogonality, Rangekernel orthogonality, C?algebra, ?orthogonality

Pages 165177Hilbert frames theory have been extended to frames in Hilbert C∗ modules. The paper introduces equivalent ∗frames and presents ordinary duals of a constructed ∗frame by an adjointable and invertible operator. Also, some necessary and sufficient conditions are studied such that ∗frames and ordinary duals or operator duals of another ∗frames are equivalent under these conditions. We obtain a ∗frame by an orthogonal projection and a given ∗frame, characterize its duals, and give a bilateral condition for commutating frame operator of a primary ∗frame and an orthogonal projection. At the end of paper, preframe operator of a dual frame is computed by preframe operator of a general ∗ frame and an orthogonal projection.Keywords: Dual frame, Equivalent ?frame, Frame operator, ?frame, Operator dual frame

Pages 179212In 2014, Zead Mustafa introduced b2 metric spaces, as a generalization of both 2metric and bmetric spaces. Then new fixed point results for the classes of rational Geraghty contractive mappings of type I,II and III in the setup of b2metric spaces are investigated. Then, we prove some fixed point theorems under various contractive conditions in partially ordered b2metric spaces. These include Geraghtytype conditions, conditions that use comparison functions and almost generalized weakly contractive conditions. Berinde in [1720] initiated the concept of almost contractions and obtained many interesting fixed point theorems. Results with similar conditions were obtained, \textit{e.g.}, in [21] and [22]. In the last section of the paper, we define the notion of almost generalized (ψ,φ)s,acontractive mappings and prove some new results. In particular, we extend Theorems 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3 of Ciric et.al. in [23] to the setting of b2 metric spaces. Also, some examples are provided to illustrate the results presented herein and several interesting consequences of our theorems are also provided. The findings of the paper are based on generalization and modification of some recently reported theorems in the literature.Keywords: Fixed point, Complete metric space, Ordered b2metric space

Pages 213240In this paper, we first give a description of a surjective unitpreserving reallinear uniform isometry T:A⟶B , where A and B are complex function spaces on compact Hausdorff spaces X and Y, respectively, whenever ER(A,X)=Ch(A,X) and ER(B,Y)=Ch(B,Y). Next, we give a description of T whenever A and B are complex function algebras and T does not assume to be unitpreserving.Keywords: Choquet boundary, Function algebra, Function space, Reallinear uniform isometry