فهرست مطالب

Tourism And Hospitality Research - Volume:6 Issue:2, 2019
  • Volume:6 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/14
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Azita Rajabi *, Ghazaleh Hosseini Tehrani, Parisa Beyki Pages 5-30

    Tourism has been known as the largest service industry in the world in terms of income, so that its growth has led to a lot of social and economic changes. The tourism industry is considered as one of the pillars of economic development in the postmodern period, that plays an important role in the economic development of societies and is one of the most important components of sustainable income. The development of the tourism industry for developing countries, which have encountered with problems such as high unemployment rate, limitation of currency resources and single-product economy, has great importance. On the other hand, tourism can have a great effect on national production and employment of country in the future years as a powerful economic industry. The tourism industry has been more and more considered seriously by the policy makers and planners of the country and the development of tourism industry is turning a national and universal request due to the fact that the reduction in national production and the consequent increase in unemployment as the main economic problem of the country is raised in our country. Hence, the tourism industry can be considered as an economic perspective. In this regard, the AHP-SWOT technique was used in order to identify the effective factors, internal accelerators and retardants (strengths and weaknesses) and the external accelerators and retardants (opportunities and threats) of the tourism development of the District 12 of Tehran and the presentation of scientific and practical strategies and solutions in regard of tourism development. Quantitative research models output indicates that the final score of the internal factors evaluation is 3.48 and the final score related to the external factors evaluation is 3.48. Therefore, considering these outputs, acceptable strategies for planning and strategic management of tourism development in the district 12 according to the placement in the first quarter of the internal and external matrix, are aggressive strategies. Therefore, the strategies of tourism development and tourism attraction in this district should be developed in such a way that seek to fix the weaknesses, eliminate the threats to the district and, with the comprehensive and strategic planning approach take appropriate measures and strategies in order to optimize the current situation and organize the tourism industry in this district.

    Keywords: Strategic Planning, Urban Tourism, Sustainable Income, District 12 of Tehran
  • Seyyed Mohammad Mirtaghian Rudsari *, Najmeh Gharibi Pages 31-47

    Cities have plentiful of tourism attraction and they always attract many tourists. Therefore, sustainable urban tourism development and its wise management require planning. In this research, the most important goal is to assess and enhance Chalus tourism carrying capacity toward sustainable development of urban tourism. This survey is a developing kind and its method is quantitative and analytical. In this survey, Chalus city has been selected not only because of having many attractions and its importance in national and international levels but also because of its multiple roles. The time domain has been 2016. The results show that caring capacity and tourism quality of the city is much more than what is now although, tourism facilities and infrastructure of the destination is still in the progress and negative socio - cultural effects of the destination is gradually perceived by the tourists and number of tourists is more than capacity. Totally, it can be concluded that Due to the volume of tourists being more than physical capacity of tourism in this destination, local community have felt negative sense of tourism impact on cultural and social dimensions. On the other hand, the quality of the tourism experience in Chalus is declining and only natural attractions of this city is attracting tourists to the destination and proper facilities tourism could not have played appropriate role in this regard.

    Keywords: Urban Tourism, Assessment of Tourism Quality, Carrying Capacity, Tourism Attraction, Chalus
  • Mohammad Reza Zandmoghadam * Pages 49-68

    Tourism has always been important throughout history, but what is now given to this particular dimensional activity is the potential of this activity in the field of employment and sustainable economics. Although tourism has many advantages and potential, there are also disadvantages in terms of moral degradation and the destruction of natural habitats. Bandar Anzali, one of the northern cities of the country, has a lot of tourist attraction that has been a destination for many tourists every year, and eventually it has positive and negative results in this city. The main objective of this study is to analyze the characteristics and capacity of tourism in Bandar Anzali. The research method is based on descriptive-analytic method, which is data collection by desk and field method. Identifying and evaluating these capabilities in terms of weaknesses, strengths, threats and opportunities by studying literature and interviewing experts, and SWOT issues are divided into two categories: internal (including strengths and weaknesses) and external (including opportunities and threats). Therefore, after the formation of the model and the calculation of the geometric mean of the pairwise comparisons of the AHP method, the matrices derived from the collective judgment of the experts entered the Super Decosions software, and the results of hierarchical analysis in the form of software output are obtained from the weight related factors and inconsistency rates of different matrices.

    Keywords: coastal tourist villages, Anzali Wetland, Iran
  • Hossein Mousazade *, Farahnaz Akbarzadeh, Hassan Mousazadeh Pages 69-80

    The development of river tourism depends on river quality, physical characteristics and river landscape, river marginal landscape, safety and financial safety of tourists, creating roads and facilitating tourists to spend leisure time and providing opportunities for walking on the beach. river tourism is one of the most important subdivisions of the nature tourism as a source for value added and special income for river cities. In this regard, the purpose of this study was to assess the impacts of river tourism on the life quality of citizens of Rasht. For this purpose, 200 questionnaires were distributed among citizens using random sampling method. Data was evaluated using SPSS software. The results showed that the quality of life of Rasht tourist city is moderate so that there is a significant correlation between the development of the tourism by creating new job opportunities and increasing the income of residents, as well as the prosperity of buying and selling real estate to 99%.

    Keywords: River Tourism, Quality of life, Citizens, Gohar rood River, Rasht city
  • Nooriye Mohebi Zadeh *, Ali Mardani Pages 81-97

    Over the past few decades, the growing population and the high density of human environments and the development of urban life in most of Iran's cities have caused problems such as limiting natural environments and neglecting ecological conditions such as rivers, forests and natural resource depletion has led to the emergence of severe challenges. Regrettably, in the case of rivers and their marginal lands, in most cities, we face disregard and lack of proper monitoring; urban rivers are one of the most effective sights in cities with this feature. It is considered that by using the correct potential of the rivers inland, the equilibrium of the relative We created between artificial spaces (man-made) and natural spaces in the city and emphasized the presence and participation of more people in natural environments. In order to create and motivate the presence and participation of citizens in the first stage, there is a need for a space for social interactions that We will strengthen the mental and social health of individuals, and in the second stage, we need a standardized and comprehensive urban design, taking into account the general principles of design, as well as observing the appropriate visual corridors in urban space, in order to create the motivation and possibility of the participation of the people, the main issue in research Present study of environmental factors affecting the visual structure of rivers Urban Rhone and the impact of rivers on improving the quality of landscapes of cities with this potential. This paper has been compiled on the basis of content analysis methodology and data analysis using SWOT technique is presented in Table 5. As a result, the paper has a practical structure that includes a series of basic steps to improve urban landscape indicators along the river bed and provide tourist facilities along the periphery of the rivers in the city.

    Keywords: urban landscape, minoo Arvand free zone, environmental factors, inter-city rivers, SWOTS
  • Yaghoub Sharbatian *, Roya Bagheri Pages 99-113

    Tourism based on music is a combination of two funs activates that have many fans from around the world. Music tourism is a travel with the goal to take part in a music festival, musical concert or any kind of musical programs. It doesn't matter wheatear their destination is a big city or small village but the songs and tones will take the tourist to deferent directions. Music because of its entanglement with the human soul and body is one of the fascinations of tourism. Musical tourism which nowadays has many international fans is one the expansive branches of cultural tourism. In this branch music is the main reason for traveling and attracting tourists, and they in order to hear and experience the music's of deferent nationalities and ethnicities travel to many deferent countries. The Kurdistan providence because of its many interesting tourist attractions specially its music and folkloric dances, is one of the most important areas for attracting tourists and tourism anthropology studies, therefore the purpose of this study is to analyze and know Kurdistan's tourist attractions and dances of the people for attracting tourist from the perspective of musical anthropology. The method used in this paper is quantities and action research; tools of data collection are documental, in-depth interview and participate.

    Keywords: Kurdish music-Dance, Tourist, anthropology approach