فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:15 Issue: 1, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/02/23
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Zohreh Nourmohammadi, Asghar Khalifehzadeh, Esfahani *, Mehdi Eftekhari, Hamid Sanei Pages 1-8
    BACKGROUND
    Management of atrial fibrillation (AF), besides prevention of stroke, mainly stresses symptom control and improvement of quality of life (QOL). In patients with permanent AF, exercising may improve QOL, rhythm, and symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of aerobic physical rehabilitation on the QOL of patients suffering from AF and admitted to a coronary care unit (CCU).
    METHODS
    This randomized controlled clinical trial study was conducted on 50 patients who were hospitalized with chronic AF in the CCU of Montazeri Hospital, Najafabad, Iran, and had the inclusion criteria. The participants were selected using convenience sampling method, and were randomly divided into experimental (n = 25) and control (n = 25) groups. The experimental group received a rehabilitation program in the form of an educational package and scheduled physical activity of aerobics for 8 weeks, and the control group received CCU routine care. The researcher measured the patients’ QOL before and after the intervention using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).
    RESULTS
    There was no significant difference in the mean score of total QOL between the control and experimental groups before the intervention (P > 0.050). However, the comparison of the mean score of total QOL after the intervention showed a significant increase in the experimental group (P < 0.050).
    CONCLUSION
    Aerobic rehabilitation activities are effective on the QOL of patients with chronic AF.
    Keywords: Physical Rehabilitation, Quality of Life, Aerobics, Atrial Fibrillation, Coronary Care Units
  • Javad Shahabi, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Davood Shafie, Arsalan Khaledifar, Arash Hedayat, Mahshid Givi *, Ghasem Yadegarfar Pages 9-13
    BACKGROUND
    Obesity is a major risk factor for many diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Recently, it has been shown that upper body obesity can predict CVDs per se. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between indicators of upper body obesity and echocardiographic indices.
    METHODS
    In this cross-sectional study conducted in Hajar Hospital in Shahrekord, Iran, from March to August 2014, 80 healthy adults were included. Participants’ neck circumference (NC), waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure were measured. Echocardiography was performed for all participants, and echocardiographic indices such as early (E’) and late (A') diastolic tissue velocity, early (E) and late (A) transmitral flow velocity, E/E’ ratio, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), and left atrial volume (LAV) were recorded. The association between these indices were investigated using bivariate Pearson correlation coefficient.
    RESULTS
    For men, NC had a significant correlation with LAV, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), PAP, and A', and a negative correlation with E′. WC had a significant correlation with LAV, SBP, and PAP, and a negative correlation with E′, while BMI had a significant correlation with LAV, PAP, SBP, A, and A’. For women, NC had a significant positive correlation with LAV, A, ejection fraction (EF), SBP, PAP, and A’, and a negative correlation with E′ and E/E′. WC had a significant positive correlation with LAV, DBP, PAP, A, A’, and a negative correlation with E′, while BMI had a significant correlation with LAV, EF, SBP, PAP, E’, A, and A’.
    CONCLUSION
    The positive correlation of NC with SBP, A, and A', as well as NC, WC, and BMI with LAV and PAP in both sexes, and the negative correlation of NC with E′ show the importance of these measures in estimation of metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors.
    Keywords: Obesity, Risk Factor, Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Gholamreza Massoumi, Mojtaba Mansouri *, Shima Khamesipour Pages 14-21
    BACKGROUND
    One of the most common postoperative problems, such as open heart surgery, is delirium, which is responsible for increased mortality and morbidity. Therefore, it is necessary to find a way to cure this disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of dexmedetomidine administration on the prevention of delirium after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery.
    METHODS
    This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 88 patients (44 in the intervention group and 44 in the control group) undertaking CABG surgery. The intervention group was subcutaneously treated with doses of 1 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine for 10 minutes, and 0.2-0.7 μg/kg in hour infusion was applied. The control group underwent normal saline infusion as a placebo. Chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used to compare the data.
    RESULTS
    Administration of dexmedetomidine in intervention group significantly decreased delirium (P = 0.040) and delirium intensity (P = 0.001). Moreover, patients treated with dexmedetomidine had more stability in laboratory variables and vital signs, and also the duration of hospitalization in these patients was significantly lower than control group (P = 0.002).
    CONCLUSION
    Considering the efficacy of dexmedetomidine on preventing the incidence and severity of delirium and reducing mortality and morbidity, it is recommended that another study with the larger sample size, with different doses and different prescribing methods be conducted to better understand the effect of this drug and achieve a safe dose with maximum efficacy.
    Keywords: Delirium, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Dexmedetomidine
  • Jamshid Najafian *, Fatemeh Nouri, Nooshin Mohammadifard Pages 22-26
    BACKGROUND
    Hypertension (HTN) is an important risk factor for atherosclerotic and nonatherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). HTN increases risk of stroke and diabetes complications and at the end stage renal disease. Sleep disorders including short sleep duration are involved in pathogenesis of HTN. This study aimed to examine the association between selfreported sleep duration and HTN in a group of adult population in Isfahan City, Iran.
    METHODS
    This cross-sectional survey was performed as part of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). A total of 12492 individuals aged over 19 years (6110 men and 6382 women) entered the study. Sleep duration was recorded according to subjects’ self-report. HTN was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥ 140 mmHg, a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥ 90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive medication. The relation between sleep hours and HTN was examined using multiple logistic regression in three models, unadjusted, adjusted according to age and sex, and adjusted according to age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC).
    RESULTS
    Sleeping time less than 5 hours, in comparison to sleep duration of 7-8 hours per night,was associated with a higher risk of HTN [odds ratio (OR) = 2.52, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.17-2.93]. This association remained significant even after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, and WC (OR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.16-1.64). Sleep duration over 9 hours had a negative association with risk of HTN among those under 60 years old (OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.47-0.86).
    CONCLUSION
    Sleep duration less than 5 hours is positively associated with HTN. It seems that sleep duration might affect HTN and atherosclerotic CVD.
    Keywords: Sleep Duration, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease
  • Mehdi Ghaderian *, Mohammad Reza Sabri, Ali Reza Ahmadi, Bahar Dehghan, Chehre Mahdavi, Zakie Zahra Ataei Pages 27-32
    BACKGROUND
    Atrial septal defect (ASD) accounts for about 10% of congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Self-closure of these defects in patients with defects less than 8 mm has been reported in several studies. In children, transcatheter closure of the ASD is suggested for asymptomatic patients older than two years and with weight > 15 kg. The purpose of this study was to show that transcatheter closure of ASD in small children with body weight less than 10 kg is an effective and safe method.
    METHODS
    Between July 2016 and September 2018, 35 children with body weight less than 10 kg underwent percutaneous closure of ASD using amplatzer. All patients had minimum defect size of 6 mm, pulmonary blood flow (Qp) to systemic blood flow (Qs) ratio above 1.5, right atrial and ventricular dilation, symptoms of delayed growth, and recurrent respiratory infections in their evaluation and had acceptable rims for intervention. Follow-up evaluations were done 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and yearly after discharge with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and electrocardiography (ECG).
    RESULTS
    The mean age of patients at procedure was 12.06 ± 4.47 months (range: 6 to 14 months), mean weight was 8.32 ± 0.72 kg (range: 7.5 to 9.8 kg). The mean defect size was 10.00 ± 2.32 mm (range: 6-13 mm). The mean device size used was 10.57 ± 2.57 mm (range: 7.5 to 15 mm). Mean duration of follow-up was 16.66 ± 6.93 months (range: 1-29 months). Respiratory rate, heart rate, pulmonary stenosis (PS), and Qp to Qs ratio had significant difference before and after procedure during the follow up (P < 0.001).
    CONCLUSION
    Transcatheter closure of ASD with amplatzer in symptomatic small children and infants is a safe and effective treatment associated with excellent success, but long-term followup in a large number of patients would be warranted.
    Keywords: Atrial Septal Defect, Devices, Septal Occluder
  • Reihaneh Zavar, Mehrbod Vakhshoori *, Mohsen Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammad Hashemi, Jazi Pages 33-37
    BACKGROUND
    Takotsubo syndrome (TS) is a reversible left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction occurred mostly in post-menopausal women after an emotional or physical stress. The exact mechanism has yet to be found. In clinical settings, TS should be differentiated from myocardial infarction (MI) due to totally different management protocols. Several diagnostic criteria are available, but mayo clinic criteria is the most widely used. Prognosis of TS is favorable and the recurrence and mortality rates are low. Treatment is mostly supportive and after a few weeks, most of patients’ electrocardiography (ECG) and echocardiographic findings will be normalized, though to its benign course, TS can cause some complications. Intramyocardial dissection and LV apical aneurysm, as a complication of TS has never been reported yet and was just announced in rare cases of MI.
    CASE REPORT
    Our patient was a 32-year-old aphasic woman referring with palpitation and chest discomfort. Further examinations after exclusion of MI revealed TS leading to LV apical aneurysm and intra-myocardial dissection.
    CONCLUSION
    Intra-myocardial dissection should be considered as one of the rarest TS complications. Several studies are necessary for defining the exact pathophysiological mechanisms.
    Keywords: Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy, Dissection, Cardiac Aneurysm
  • Zarrintaj Hosseinzadeh, Shanjani, Soodabeh Hoveidamanesh, Mozhdeh Ramezani, Farnoush Davoudi, Marzieh Nojomi * Pages 38-43
    BACKGROUND
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally and has enormous costs for healthcare systems. This disease has a strong association with lifestyle behaviors. Therefore, applying reliable and effective strategies for prevention and treatment of CVD is important. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the adherence of cardiologist physicians to the American Heart Association (AHA) guideline for prevention of CVD.
    METHODS
    Using a cross-sectional study, data were gathered for 208 patients using their medical records in the cardiology ward of a general teaching hospital. A physician systematically reviewed the medical records and completed the checklist in each domain. Adherence to the AHA guideline was evaluated in treating physician's choices and recommendations regarding these eight variables: hypertension (HTN), dietary intake, weight management, diabetes management, physical activity, blood lipid management, smoking, and aspirin prescription.
    RESULTS
    Medical records of 208 patients (109 men and 99 women) with the mean age of 62 ± 14 years were reviewed. The frequency of CVDs was 5.3% for coronary heart failure (HF) and 67.8% for the acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Cardiovascular risk factors of patients were HTN (53.8%), diabetes (34.6%), hyperlipidemia (17.3%), smoking (17.8%), and obesity (31.7%). We found a proportion of 59%, 15%, and 26% for high, moderate, and low adherence to AHA guideline, respectively.
    CONCLUSION
    Our study showed almost 60% high adherence to the AHA guideline by physicians in a teaching hospital. The most and the least adherence to the AHA guideline were for obesity and diabetes recommendations, respectively. More studies are needed to evaluate preventive guideline adherence in Iran. Establishing national preventive and therapeutic guidelines may increase the physicians' adherence to them.
    Keywords: American Heart Association, Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiologists, Guideline, Guideline Adherence